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|Nickname(s)||El Campesino (The Peasant)|
November 4, 1904|
Malcocinado, Extremadura, Spain
October 20, 1983 (aged 78)|
|Buried||Carabanchel Cemetery, Madrid, Spain|
|Allegiance||Spanish Second Republic|
|Service/||Spanish Republican Army|
|Years of service||1936-1939|
10th Mixed Brigade|
Battle of Belchite (1937)
Battle of Teruel
Valentín González González (November 4, 1904 – October 20, 1983) was a Republican military commander during the Spanish Civil War. Known as El Campesino (The Peasant) he served in the Ejército Popular (People's Army) of the Second Spanish Republic.
Born in Malcocinado, Badajoz, Spain, Gonzalez worked as a miner and was a member of a communist party, establishing one of the first militia units to counter Francisco Franco's Nationalist Army upon the outbreak of the Civil War. As a brigade commander, González personally took part in all of the major actions that occurred during the Nationalists' assault on Madrid in 1936. He also commanded formations during the battles of the Corunna Road (December 1936), the Jarama, and Guadalajara (March 1937). In the summer of 1937, he led the 46th Division in the Battle of Brunete.
He led his men in the Battle of Belchite, Teruel, and Catalonia throughout the war, before being forced to emigrate to the Soviet Union upon the Nationalist victory in 1939. He was later imprisoned in Gulag labor camps in Vorkuta where he worked as a brigadier of miners. Following this, he escaped the Vorkuta gulag and the Soviet Union.
He eventually moved to France, where he published a book entitled La vie et la mort en U.R.S.S. (1939-1949). The English translation is entitled LISTEN COMRADES: Life and Death in the Soviet Union, and was published in the UK by Heinemann in 1952.
References in other Media
Valentín González is mentioned in Ernest Hemingway's book For Whom the Bell Tolls through the thoughts of Robert Jordan, who described him as brave and tough, a man who "never knew when everything was lost and if it was he would fight out of it." (Hemingway, 246) 
- Thomas, Hugh. (2001). The Spanish Civil War. Penguin Books. London. p.477
- Thomas, Hugh. (2001). The Spanish Civil War. Penguin Books. London. p.581.
- Thomas, Hugh. (2001). The Spanish Civil War. Penguin Books. London. p.691
- Thomas, Hugh. (2001). The Spanish Civil War. Penguin Books. London. p.701
- Thomas, Hugh. (2001). The Spanish Civil War. Penguin Books. London. p.773
- Thomas, Hugh. (2001). The Spanish Civil War. Penguin Books. London. p.924
- Hemingway, Ernest. For Whom the Bell Tolls. USA: Scribner, 1968. 246