Valentina Gerasimova (born May 15, 1948 in Quaraghandy, Quaraghandy Province, Kazakhstan) was a Soviet era track and field athlete specializing in middle distances. She competed in the 1976 Olympics. She entered the event as the world record holder, having run a 1:56.0 in Kiev just a month earlier in qualifying for the Olympics (though the mark had not yet been ratified as the world record, which it was after the Olympics). That time was a second and a half improvement on the previous record set by Bulgarian Svetla Zlateva and proved to be her personal best in the event. As of 2012, her mark is tied for the 27th best performer in history. Between 1968 and 1983 the world record was lowered a remarkable seven plus seconds (with one exception by Soviet bloc athletes), only 5 athletes born since Gerasimova's record, (since that era) have bettered her time.
In the Montreal Olympics, she qualified for the semi-finals but was unable to make the final with a sub-par performance, as 6 of the qualifiers ahead of her bettered the standing Olympic record. In the final, teammate Tatyana Kazankina took Gerasimova's world record, improving an additional second plus to 1:54.94.
- "Archived copy" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 2009-08-06. Retrieved 2009-08-12.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
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