Valentina Mikhailovna Yegorova (Russian: Валентина Михайловна Егорова, born February 16, 1964) is a long-distance runner from Russia. She was born in Cheboksary. Her first medal in the marathon came at the 1990 European Athletics Championships, where she was the silver medallist.
Yegorova competed in the women's marathon for the Unified Team at the 1992 Summer Olympics held in Barcelona, Spain. There she won the gold medal beating the Japanese athlete Yuko Arimori into second. She won a second global title at the 1995 IAAF World Half Marathon Championships.
She returned to compete for Russia in the 1996 Summer Olympics held in Atlanta, where she won the silver medal in the women's marathon, again beating Yuko Arimori this time into third. She made her final major appearance at the 2000 Sydney Olympics, where she failed to finish the Olympic marathon.
On the road circuit, Yegorova won the 1993 and 1994 editions of the Tokyo International Women's Marathon (times of 2:26:40 and 2:30:09) and she won the inaugural Nagano Olympic Commemorative Marathon in 1999 in 2:28:41. She placed eleventh at the 2001 Nagoya Marathon, with a finishing time of 2:28:40 hours.