Valentine's Day in India

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The celebration of Valentine's Day in India began to become popular following the economic liberalisation. There have been protests against the celebrations by groups who consider it a western influence.[1] Almost every year, law and order problems occur on 14 February in many cities in India due to protests.[2]

Overview[edit]

In the Medieval era, the acceptance of public affection died off. Lovers for different castes have been prosecuted and even sometimes there have been honor killings.[1] Public display of affection such holding hands or kissing is considered unacceptable today in India.[3]

Following the economic liberalisation in the early 1996s, a new middle class emerged who could afford access to foreign TV channels and card shops. Valentine's Day became popular among this middle class, but not much in the lower economics classes.[1] Many young and working Indians live away from their families. This gives, especially women, a choice in their relationships. The interest in dating sites has also increased.[3] Commercial establishments have attempted to cash in on this new sub-culture.[2][3][4]

Unrequited love is sometimes met with harassment, which is known by the euphemism "eve-teasing" and occasionally it becomes more violent. There have also been acid attacks.[1]

Criticism and protests[edit]

Various political parties have condemned Valentine's Day as an unwelcome influence of western culture on India. Some also consider this a scam by corporations for their economic gain.[2]

Shiv Sena leader Uddhav Thackeray has called it an attack of the west on Indian culture and that it is attracting youth for commercial gain. Shiv Sena leader Bal Thackeray has said that people not wanting violence on the day should not celebrate it.[5] He has also called the festival shameless and contrary to Indian culture.[6] In Maharashtra, the Shiv Sena often threatens commercial establishments to stop selling goods that celebrate Valentine's Day.[7] The Mumbai city unit chief Nana Wadekar of Shiv Sena has stated that Valentine's Day encourages obscene and vulgar acts.[8]

Sri Ram Sena leader Pramod Muthalik has said that if his activists catch couples in public on Valentine's Day, they would be forcibly married. If the couples resist, then the girl with forced to tied rakhi to the boy, a ritual which would make them siblings.[9]

Other political parties and religious groups who have been known to protest Valentine's Day are, Vishwa Hindu Parishad,[10] Bajrang Dal,[10] Akhil Bharatiya Vidyarthi Parishad,[11] Sri Ram Sena,[9] Students Islamic Organisation of India,[12] Hindu Munnani,[13] Hindu Makkal Katchi,[14] etc.

Activists have been known to raid card shops and burn Valentine's Day cards and flowers.[5][15] Members of Vishwa Hindu Parishad and Bajrang Dal have also been known to throw rotten tomatoes at couples.[10] There also have been reports of people attacking restaurants.[6][15] Bajrang Dal has been known to put up billboards warning couples to not hold hands. Shiv Sena has warned that people expressing love in public will be photographed and the photographs will be sent to their families.[3] Couples roaming in public parks are sometimes caught by vigilantes and their hair is cut off and their faces are painted black to humiliate them.[6][15] Some groups conduct marriages of different animals like goat and dog, or dog and horse, to symbolise that the love displayed on this day is fake.[13][14]

Between February 3 and 15, 2010, Pune police proscribed "gathering in groups and disturbing peace, playing drums or any other music systems loudly, showing of affection in ways that tantamount to obscenity, throwing colours under influence of alcohol, disturbing peace in public places and obstructing traffic, doing vulgar acts in schools, colleges and encouraging anti-social activities" to be under Section 144 of the CrPC (unlawful assembly) in all public and private places under the jurisdiction of Pune police commissionerate. They declared that those found violating the order would be punished under Section 188 (disobedience to order duly promulgated by public servant) of the IPC.[8]

In February 2015, Chandra Prakash Kaushik of Hindu Mahasabha said that anyone found celebrating in public places, like malls and restaurants, in the week around Valentine's Day will be forcibly married. If one of them is non-Hindu, he/she will be converted to Hinduism before marriage. They also said that a social media team will be monitoring Facebook, WhatsApp and Twitter, anyone showing love online will also be married off.[16]

Parents Worship Day[edit]

In 2012, self proclaimed religious leader, Asaram, who is currently serving a life imprisonment for raping a minor girl, said that 14 February should be observed as "Parents Worship Day". He said instead of protesting against Valentine's Day and causing law and order problems, youth should be given an alternative.[17]

In 2015, the state of Chhattisgarh officially declared 14 February every year to be Parents' Day or Matru-Pitru Divas. It had started observing it in 2008 on the advice of Asaram. In 2013 and 2014, separate circulars were issued with instructions. On this day, parents are invited to school and students pray to them.[18]

Support and counter protests[edit]

In January 2009, a pub was attacked in Mangalore by members of a group called Sri Ram Sena. Following which, the group's leader Pramod Muthalik announced that his organisation would also protest Valentine's Day. A group called "Consortium of Pub-going, Loose and Forward Women" was formed on Facebook and it asked people to mail pink underwear to Muthalik. The protest was named Pink Chaddi Campaign.[19] About, 34,000 people participated.[20]

In Tamil Nadu, Dravidar Viduthalai Kazhagam, Thanthai Periyar Dravidar Kazhagam and Democratic Youth Federation of India support the festival.[13][21] On this day, Thanthai Periyar Dravidar Kazhagam has performed inter caste marriages and Democratic Youth Federation of India has felicitated those who have entered an inter-caste marriage.[21]

On 14 February 2015, in response to Hindu Mahasabha's announcement to marry off couples found celebrating, several students of Jawaharlal Nehru University and Delhi University protested on the Mandir Marg, New Delhi, near the Hindu Mahasabha office. Many were dressed in wedding dresses and they were accompanied by a wedding band. About 220 students were arrested by the police when they began marching towards the Hindu Mahasabha office, as they had not taken permission for the protest.[22]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d "India's fascination with Valentine's Day". BBC News. 14 February 2002. Retrieved 27 January 2015.
  2. ^ a b c "Mobocracy and anti Valentine Day protest". The Hindu. 1 March 2013. Retrieved 27 January 2015.
  3. ^ a b c d "Valentine's Day wins Indian hearts". BBC News. 14 February 2007. Retrieved 27 January 2015.
  4. ^ "India takes Valentine's Day to heart". BBC News. 14 February 2000. Retrieved 27 January 2015.
  5. ^ a b "Hindu and Muslim anger at Valentine's". BBC News. 11 February 2003. Retrieved 27 January 2015.
  6. ^ a b c "Tough love for Indian Valentines". BBC News. 14 February 2001. Retrieved 27 January 2015.
  7. ^ Amrita Shah (13 Feb 2003). "Debate, or the moral police". The Indian Express. Retrieved 7 December 2014.
  8. ^ a b "City cops turn moral police ahead of V-Day". The Indian Express. 2 February 2010. Retrieved 7 December 2014.
  9. ^ a b "We'll not spare dating couples on Valentine's Day: Muthalik". The Hindu. 6 February 2009. Retrieved 27 January 2015.
  10. ^ a b c "Valentine's Day: Bajrang Dal, VHP activists throw rotten tomatoes on couples". The Hindu. 14 February 2014. Retrieved 27 January 2015.
  11. ^ "ABVP prevents Valentine's Day celebrations". The Hindu. 15 February 2010. Retrieved 27 January 2015.
  12. ^ "Muslims told to stay away from Valentine's Day". The Hindu. 14 February 2012. Retrieved 27 January 2015.
  13. ^ a b c "V-Day Sees Love and Hate in State". The New Indian Express. 15 February 2015. Retrieved 27 January 2015.
  14. ^ a b "Protests against Valentine's Day celebrations". The Hindu. 15 February 2013. Retrieved 27 January 2015.
  15. ^ a b c "Valentine attackers held in India". BBC News. 14 February 2009. Retrieved 27 January 2015.
  16. ^ "Posted 'I love you' on Facebook? Get married!". The Times of India. 4 February 2015. Retrieved 6 February 2015.
  17. ^ "Worship parents on Valentine's Day, says Asaram Bapu". India Today. 29 January 2012.
  18. ^ "Valentine's Day to be Parents' Day in Chhattisgarh". The Hindu. 7 February 2015. Retrieved 14 February 2015.
  19. ^ "Underwear protest at India attack". BBC News. 10 February 2009. Retrieved 27 January 2015.
  20. ^ "'Pink chaddi' campaign a hit, draws over 34,000 members". The Times of India. 14 February 2009. Retrieved 28 January 2015.
  21. ^ a b "Demonstrations against Valentine's Day". The Hindu. 15 February 2013. Retrieved 27 January 2015.
  22. ^ "More than 200 Delhi college students detained for protesting outside Akhil Bharatiya Hindu Mahasabha". The Indian Express. 14 February 2015. Retrieved 14 February 2015.