Valentine Adler (also known as Vali Adler) (May 5, 1898 – July 6, 1942) was an Austrian writer and activist.
Valentine Adler was born in 1898 in Vienna, Austria. Her father was Alfred Adler and her mother was Raissa Timofeyevna Epstein, daughter of a Jewish merchant from Moscow. She was the sister of Alexandra Adler. She married Hungarian journalist Gyula Sas.
Adler joined the Communist Party of Austria in 1919. She left the party in 1921. That year, she joined the German Communist Party. She was a strong believer in Utopian socialism. She had interest in moving to the Soviet Union because of the political state of the country. As Nazism gained influence in Germany, her husband moved to Moscow. Adler moved there in 1933. Adler started to work as an editor at a publishing house focused around Soviet emigrants. She became disenchanted by the Soviet Union as the political and social climate changed and voiced her concerns through her writing.
Arrest, sentencing and death
On January 22, 1937, Adler and Sas were arrested and imprisoned at the Lubyanka Building. She was interrogated there. She was then transferred to the Butyrki prison. On September 19, 1937, she was sentenced to ten years imprisonment for being "guilty of illegal Trotskyite activities and having established contacts with foreign Trotskyite groups." Her parents had met Leon Trotsky before, which the military tribunal claimed was the cause for Adler's interests and involvement in anti-Soviet activism. She died in a Gulag camp on July 6, 1942.
In 1952 Albert Einstein petitioned the Soviet Union to release details about Adler's trial. Until this petitioning, her death date was unknown. She was declared rehabilitated on August 11, 1956, by the Supreme Court of the USSR.
- "Adler, Valentine (1898–1942)". Women in World History: A Biographical Encyclopedia. Gale Research Inc. Retrieved 10 January 2013.
- Margot Adler (1 August 1998). Heretic's Heart: A Journey through Spirit and Revolution. Beacon Press. pp. 40–41. ISBN 978-0-8070-7099-4. Retrieved 9 January 2013.