Valentyn Nalyvaichenko

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Valentyn Nalyvaichenko
Валенти́н Налива́йченко
Nalyvaichenko.jpg
13th Head of the Security Service of Ukraine[1]
In office
24 February 2014 – 18 June 2015
Preceded by Oleksandr Yakymenko
Succeeded by Vasyl Hrytsak
9th Head of the Security Service of Ukraine
In office
22 December 2006 – 11 March 2010
Preceded by Ihor Drizhchany
Succeeded by Valeriy Khoroshkovskyi
Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary Ambassador of Ukraine to Belarus
In office
30 December 2005 – 29 May 2006
Preceded by Petro Shapoval
Succeeded by Ihor Lisovyi
Personal details
Born (1966-06-08) June 8, 1966 (age 52)
Zaporizhia, Ukrainian Soviet Socialist Republic
Political party Ukrainian Democratic Alliance for Reform (2012)
Other political
affiliations
Our Ukraine (2010–2012)
Spouse(s) Married
Children Daughter
Alma mater National Taras Shevchenko University of Kyiv
Signature
Website nalyvaichenko.org

Valentyn Oleksandrovych Nalyvaichenko (Ukrainian: Валенти́н Олекса́ндрович Налива́йченко; born 8 June 1966; Zaporizhia)[2] is a Ukrainian diplomat and politician. On 24 February 2014, the Verkhovna Rada (Ukrainian parliament) appointed Nalyvaichenko the Head of the Security Service of Ukraine (SBU),[3] on 18 June 2015 he was relieved of the office.[4][5]

Nalyvaichenko was placed at number 3 on the electoral list of UDAR during the 2012 Ukrainian parliamentary election.[6] He was elected into parliament.[7]

Biography[edit]

Education and early career[edit]

Born on 9 June 1966 in Zaporizhia, in 1983 Nalyvaichenko finished with golden medal (top honors) the general education school #30 in Zaporizhia and in September of the same year enrolled to the Kharkiv State University.[8] In June 1984 he finished the first year of Kharkiv State University and in 1984-86 served in the Soviet armed forces as a conscript.[8] Since September 1986 Nalyvaichenko studied in the Shevchenko State University of Kiev (today is Taras Shevchenko National University of Kyiv) from which he graduated with honors in June 1990 as philologist and a referent-interpreter of English.[8]

From September 1990 to August 1991 Nalyvaichenko worked as a teacher in the department of Russian language of Kiev Construction Engineering Institute (today is Kyiv National University of Construction and Architecture).[8] In 1991-93 he was a student of the Andropov Institute of KGB (today is Academy of Foreign Intelligence), but refused to accept his diploma.[8] During that period from January 1992 to May 1994 Nalyvaichenko worked as a deputy director of local company in Zaporizhia.[8]

In 1994-97 Nalyvaichenko worked for consular office of the Ukraine Embassy in Finland (concurrently in Denmark, Norway, and Iceland).[8] After returning from abroad, he worked in the central department of Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Ukraine (MZS) for the Consular administration.[8] In 2001-03 Nalyvaichenko worked as a general consul (adviser), for the Embassy of Ukraine, Washington, D.C.[8] In 2003-04 he was a director of the Consular service department of MZS.[8] In February 2004 Nalyvaichenko was appointed a deputy minister of MZS.[8] In 2005-06 he served as the Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary Ambassador of Ukraine to Belarus.[2][8][9]

Security Service of Ukraine[edit]

In May 2006, he left that position to become the first deputy head of the Security Service of Ukraine.[10] In December 2006, Nalyvaichenko became acting head of the SBU following Ihor Drizhchany's dismissal by parliament.[10] He kept this temporary position due to political deadlock but was finally confirmed as head of the SBU in March 2009.[10][11] He also served on the National Security and Defence Council of Ukraine.[8] In March 2010, following the defeat of Viktor Yushchenko in the presidential election, Nalyvaichenko was replaced by Valeriy Khoroshkovsky. In September 2010, Nalyvaichenko was chosen to replace Vira Ulianchenko as the Chairman of the Political Council of Our Ukraine.[12]

2010-2014 politics and return to Security Service of Ukraine[edit]

In May 2010, he announced the beginning of a public initiative called «Onovlennya Krainy» (Renewal of the Country). In 2010-12 Nalyvaichenko also headed advising group "Smile Holding of Ukraine" (Kiev).[8]

In September 2010 he joined Our Ukraine party and became Chairman of the Political Council of the party. On May 24, 2012 he resigned as Chairman of the Political Council and left the party.

Supporting principles and political platform of UDAR (Ukrainian Democratic Alliance for Reforms) of Vitaliy Klitchko, on August 1, 2012 he joined his political party. Valentyn Nalyvaichenko was elected Member of Parliament of Ukraine in October 2012 from the UDAR; he was # 3 on UDAR party list.[6][7]

On 22 February 2014, just after the "Maidan revolution",[13] the Verkhovna Rada (Ukrainian parliament) appointed Nalyvaichenko (with the support of 333 of the 450 MPs[3]) its Commissioner in charge of supervision over the Security Service of Ukraine replacing Oleksandr Yakymenko who was dismissed by parliament the same day.[3] During his work as head of the Security Service of Ukraine the counterintelligence under the guidance of deputy head Victor Yahun received and published unequivocal evidences of the direct involvement of servicemen of Russian Federation in hostilities in Ukraine.

As head of the Security Service of Ukraine, Nalivaychenko was noted by a number of resonant statements:

  • Immediately after July 17, 2014 in the Donetsk region was shot down Malaysian Boeing, Valentin Nalyvaychenko said that the plane was destroyed by Russian troops from the zenith of the Buk missile system[14]. He also said that two possible fire spotters of "Buk" were detained[15]. This information was refuted by the Russian Defense Ministry, saying that neither Russian military equipment nor military personnel crossed the state border with Ukraine, and fire controllers are used only for those weapons systems whose targets are located on the ground [16].
  • On February 19, 2015, Nalivaichenko accused the assistant to the President of the Russian Federation Vladislav Surkov in the leadership of the groups of the Kiev snipers who fired on the Maidan February 20, 2014, referring to the interrogations of the officers of Alfa who gave "concrete evidence of the location of foreign sniper groups that aimed at both the protesters ... and the Ministry of Internal Affairs employees" and about the documentary evidence of these testimonies[17][18][19]. The Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Russia declares the statements of the Ukrainian special services worthy of psychiatric treatment and speculation on the death of people [20].

Later political career[edit]

As of 2017 Nalyvaichenko is the leader of the political movement "Spravedlivost" ("Justice").[21] In July 2017 "Spravedlivost" created a "joint action headquarter" with the political party "Movement of New Forces" of Mikheil Saakashvili.[21][22]

Honors[edit]

Nalyvaichenko is awarded the Order of Prince Yaroslav the Wise V and IV degree,[23][24] and the Order for Merits to Lithuania- Commander's Cross.

Scandals[edit]

  • In the summer of 2009, it turned out that Kislinsky Andrey Nikolayevich, who, on Nolivaychenko's suggestion, was appointed deputy head of the Security Service,[25] has a fake diploma.[26]
  • In early September 2013 General Prosecutor's Office of Ukraine against Nalivaichenko filed criminal proceedings on the application of three people's deputies from the Communist Party of Ukraine - Sergei Balandin, Oleg Bukhovtsi, Mikhail Gerasimchuk the disclosure of his state secret during his tenure as Chairman of the Security Service of Ukraine, in particular providing for reviewing documents bypassing the procedure CIA United States. Nalyvaychenko himself called this "denunciation of Communists" and "schizoid nkvdism".[27][28]
  • In November 2014, the daughter of Valentine Nalyvaichenko, Olga Nalyvaichenko, starts working in the legal department of the Victor Polishchuk's company "Techenergotrade". After that, at the beginning of 2015, the Security Service of Ukraine, which at that time was headed by Valentin Nalyvaychenko, closes the criminal case of illegal alienation by the Victor Polischuk structures 94.67 hectares of state land of Brovarsky radio transmitting center in Brovary.[29]
  • In June 2015, another conflict situation with the GPU was held.[30]
  • In September 2017, during a search in the converting center, objects were revealed that indirectly indicate involvement in the work of the center of Vadim Alperin and Valentin Nalyvaichenko.[31][32][33]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Rada appointed Nalyvaichenko with authority for the actions of the SBU". Lb.ua (in Russian). Retrieved 22 February 2014. 
  2. ^ a b "Rada Appoints Nalyvaichenko As SBU Chairman". Ukrainian News. 6 March 2009. Retrieved 1 April 2012. 
  3. ^ a b c Ukrainian parliament appoints Nalyvaichenko as security service chief, Interfax-Ukraine (24 February 2014)
  4. ^ "Ukrainian Security Service Chief Fired". REF/RL. 18 June 2015. Retrieved 18 June 2015. 
  5. ^ "Rada dismisses SBU chief Nalyvaichenko". UNIAN. 18 June 2015. Retrieved 18 June 2015. 
  6. ^ a b Klitschko’s UDAR approves party ticket, Interfax-Ukraine (1 August 2012)
  7. ^ a b (in Ukrainian) Список депутатів нової Верховної Ради, Ukrayinska Pravda (11 November 2012)
  8. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n Biographic information submitted to the Central Election Commission of Ukraine on 1 August 2012
  9. ^ "Ukraine replaces ambassador to Belarus". Ukrinform. 2006-05-29. Retrieved 1 April 2012. 
  10. ^ a b c Interfax-Ukraine (Mar 6, 2009). "Nalyvaichenko appointed chief of Ukrainian Security Service". Kyiv Post. Retrieved 1 April 2012. 
  11. ^ Korduban, Pavel (March 22, 2009). "NEWS ANALYSIS: Nalyvaichenko becomes SBU chief after two years in legal limbo". The Ukrainian Weekly. Retrieved 1 April 2012. 
  12. ^ "Valentyn Nalyvaichenko leads Our Ukraine". Den. 30 September 2010. Retrieved 1 April 2012. 
  13. ^ Ukraine: Speaker Oleksandr Turchynov named interim president, BBC News (23 February 2014)
    Ukraine protests timeline, BBC News (23 February 2014)
  14. ^ [http://www.unn.com.ua/en/news/1366542-sbu-vidkrilo-kriminalne-provadzhennya-za-faktom-zbittya-litaka-boeing-za-dopomogoyu -rosiyskogo-zrk-buk SBU opened a criminal investigation into the shoot-down of the Boeing aircraft with the help of the Russian Buk SAM. News on UNN
  15. ^ Two Russian "fire correctors" were detained on the border with the Russian Federation, - the SBU
  16. ^ Russian Defense Ministry: no type of armament of the RF Armed Forces to the state border with Ukraine was crossed//ITAR-TASS, July 18, 2014
  17. ^ The SBU accused Surkov of leading the snipers who shot the Maidan. Newsru.com, 02/20/2015.
  18. ^ The head of the SBU accused Surkov of leading the execution of Maidan. Slon.ru, 20.02.2015.
  19. ^ "Putin's Assistant Surkov led foreign snipers on EuroMaidan" , -Nalyvaychenko.//'Ukrainians of News.-19.02.2015.
  20. ^ The Russian Foreign Ministry called delusions about the involvement of Surkov in the events on the Maidan. Interfax, 20.02.2015.
  21. ^ a b Week’s milestones. Calculated escalation, overhaul by Groysman, and imitation of mobilization, UNIAN (25 July 2017)
    NOLAN PETERSON: THE TOP SPY WHO IS FIGHTING CORRUPTION IN UKRAINE, Newsweek (20 January 2017)
  22. ^ Nalyvaichenko and Saakashvili's political strength will create the joint platform, Booktable (24 July 2017)
  23. ^ "Ïðî íàãîðîäæåííÿ Â. Íàëèâàé÷åíêà îðäåíîì êíÿçÿ ßðîñëàâà... - â³ä 17.02.2010 ¹ 185/2010". Retrieved 9 February 2015. 
  24. ^ "Ïðî â³äçíà÷åííÿ äåðæàâíèìè íàãîðîäàìè Óêðà¿íè - â³ä 22.06.2007 ¹ 549/2007 (Ñòîð³íêà 1 ç 2)". Retrieved 9 February 2015. 
  25. ^ Nalivaychenko considers appointment as his deputy Kislinsky a consistent step in the demilitarization of the SBU.
  26. ^ The Ministry of Education confirmed that Kislinsky has a fake diploma
  27. ^ is suspected of divulging state secrets.Ukrainskaya Pravda.09/06/2013.
  28. ^ about the state secrets: This is a denunciation of the Communists.Ukrainskaya Pravda.09/06/2013.
  29. ^ Валентин Наливайченко: секрети шпигуна (розслідування). Радіо Свобода. 30.10.2015
  30. ^ Nalyvaichenko: the GPU and SBU teams should unite
  31. ^ "In the Prosecutor General's Office of Odessa businessman Vadim Alperin was called a smuggler and ... "covered" his conversion center". otkat.od.ua. Retrieved 2017-09-20. 
  32. ^ "In Kiev, "covered" a billion-dollar converting center". Kiev Express. Retrieved 2017-09-20. 
  33. ^ "Billion UAH per year: in Kiev, the police stopped the activities of the conversion center". ТСН.ua (in Ukrainian). Retrieved 2017-09-20. 

External links[edit]

Party political offices
Preceded by
Vira Ulianchenko
Head of the People's Union "Our Ukraine"
2010–2012
Succeeded by
Serhii Bondarchuk
Government offices
Preceded by
Ihor Drizhchany
Head of the Security Service of Ukraine (SBU)
2006–2010
Succeeded by
Valeriy Khoroshkovsky
Preceded by
Oleksandr Yakymenko
Head of the Security Service of Ukraine (SBU)
February 24, 2014–June 18, 2015
Succeeded by
Vasyl Hrytsak