Valeria Straneo (born 5 April 1976) is an Italian long-distance runner, winner of the silver medal at the Moscow 2013 Athletics World Championships and Italian record holder in the marathon.
She won the Stramilano in 2011 and bettered the half marathon Italian record at the Roma-Ostia Half Marathon in 2012, although it was not ratified as the course doesn't meet Fidal criteria.
Born in Alessandria, it was only after the removal of her spleen, in 2010, that she began to reach a national standard of running. At 35 years old, she ranked eighth in the 2011 Berlin Marathon with a time of 2:26:33 hours. This met the qualifying standard for the 2012 Olympic Games, but three other athletes had run faster than her (Anna Incerti, Rosaria Console and Nadia Ejjafini). However, she broke the 12-year-old Italian record at the Rotterdam Marathon in April, finishing as runner-up with a time of 2:23:44 hours. The Turin Marathon saw her finish third with a time of 2:27:04 hours.
Straneo has represented the Italy national athletics team once (at the 2011 European Cross Country Championships) and has won twice at the national championships. She has two children, Leonardo (born 2006) and Arianna (born 2007).
- Half marathon: 1:07:46 ( Ostia, 26 February 2012) - Current holder.
- Marathon: 2:23:44 ( Rotterdam, 15 April 2012) - Current holder.
She has won, at 36 years old for her first time, the individual national championship.