Valerian Gunia

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Valerian Gunia. A photo by Alexander Roinashvili.

Valerian "Valiko" Gunia (Georgian: ვალერიან [ვალიკო] გუნია; 21 January 1862 – 31 July 1938) was a Georgian dramatist, actor, director, critic, and translator. His contribution to the Georgian scene won him the title of People's Artist in 1934.

Born in the village of Eki, Kutais Governorate, Russian Empire, in what is now the Senaki Municipality of a family of untitled Mingrelian nobility, Gunia attended the realschule in Tiflis until being expelled for participation in student protests in 1881. He then studied at the Petrovsko-Razumovsky Agricultural Academy in Moscow. In 1882 he joined the Georgian Dramatical Troupe in Tiflis. As an actor, he played leading roles in major European plays. He also trained many talented actors, and organized seasonal and travelling companies. He was a strong proponent of realistic theatre and his plays found notable place in the repertory of the Georgian theatre. He also translated several plays by the Russian and Western European authors and wrote a history of the Georgian theatre.[1] Beginning in 1913, Gunia also appeared in several Georgian films.[2] He died in Tbilisi and was interred at the Didube Pantheon.


  1. ^ Gutsche, George J. (1989). The Modern encyclopedia of Russian and Soviet literatures, Volume 9. Academic International Press. pp. 164–165. ISBN 0875690386.
  2. ^ "Valerian Gunia". Georgian National Filmography. Retrieved 10 February 2013.

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