Valerian and the City of a Thousand Planets

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Valerian and the City
of a Thousand Planets
Valerian and the City of a Thousand Planets.jpg
Theatrical release poster
Directed by Luc Besson
Produced by
Screenplay by Luc Besson
Based on Valérian and Laureline
by Pierre Christin
Jean-Claude Mézières
Starring
Music by Alexandre Desplat[1]
Cinematography Thierry Arbogast
Edited by Julien Rey
Production
company
Distributed by
  • EuropaCorp Distribution
    (France)
  • STXfilms
    (United States)
Release date
  • 17 July 2017 (2017-07-17) (Grauman's Chinese Theatre)
  • 21 July 2017 (2017-07-21) (United States)
  • 26 July 2017 (2017-07-26) (France)
Running time
137 minutes[3]
Country France[4]
Language English
Budget
  • €197 million (gross)[5]
    (~$209 million)[6]
  • $177–205 million (net)[6][7][8]
Box office $225.9 million[9]

Valerian and the City of a Thousand Planets (French: Valérian et la Cité des mille planètes) is a 2017 English-language French 3D space opera film[10] written and directed by Luc Besson, and co-produced by Besson and his wife, Virginie Besson-Silla. The film is based on the French science fiction comics series Valérian and Laureline, written by Pierre Christin and illustrated by Jean-Claude Mézières. It stars Dane DeHaan as Valerian and Cara Delevingne as Laureline, with Clive Owen, Rihanna, Ethan Hawke, Herbie Hancock, Kris Wu and Rutger Hauer in supporting roles. Besson independently crowd-sourced and personally funded Valerian. With a production budget of around $180 million, it is both the most expensive non-American and independent film ever made.[11]

Valerian was released by STXfilms on 21 July 2017 in the United States, and in France on 26 July, by EuropaCorp.[12][13] It received mixed reviews from critics, who criticized the plot and some of the casting, but praised the visuals. It grossed $225 million worldwide, but due to its high production and advertising costs, it was considered a commercial failure following its release in the United States.[14][15][16]

Plot[edit]

In the 28th century, the former International Space Station has been added to until its mass threatens to cause it to fall out of orbit. Relocated to deep space, it becomes Alpha, a space-traveling city inhabited by millions of species from thousands of planets. A special police division is created to preserve peace through the galaxy, including happy-go-lucky Major Valérian and his partner, no-nonsense Sergeant Laureline.

En route to a mission, Valerian dreams of a planet, Mül, where a low-tech humanoid race lives peacefully. They fish for pearls containing enormous amounts of energy, and use small animals to replicate them. Wreckage begins plummeting from the sky, followed by an apocalyptic explosion. Moments before her death a young princess manages to send out a telepathic signal.

Shaken, Valerian awakes. After an analysis reveals he might have received a signal from across time and space, he learns that his mission is to retrieve a "Mül converter", so-called for being able to replicate anything it eats. It is the last of its kind, and currently in the hands of black market dealer Igon Siruss. Before setting out, Valerian asks Laureline to marry him, but she brushes him off, due to his many affairs with female colleagues and his aversion to commitment.

Entering on planet Kirian a massive extra-dimensional bazaar called "Big Market", Valerian disrupts a meeting in a zone restricted to humans between Igon and two hooded figures who look like the humanoids from his vision. They also seek the converter, which is revealed to be one of the small animals he saw in his vision. Valerian and Laureline recover the converter, and he surreptitiously steals one of the pearls. Aboard their ship, he learns that Mül was destroyed 30 years earlier, and all information about it is classified.

They return to Alpha, where their superior, frosty Commander Arün Filitt, informs them the center of the station has been infected by an unknown force, rendering it highly toxic. Troops sent into the area have not returned, and the infection is growing. Laureline and Valerian are assigned to protect the commander during an interstation summit to discuss the crisis. Against the Commander's wishes, Laureline maintains possession of the converter.

During the summit, the humanoids suddenly attack, incapacitating everyone before kidnapping Filitt. Valerian chases the kidnappers to the infected area and crashes his vehicle. Evading arrest for insubordination, Laureline enlists the help of some aliens to track Valerian, and finds him unconscious at the edge of the infected zone. She wakes him, but is kidnapped by a primitive imperial tribe emigrated from planet Goara[17] called "Boulan Bathors" that lives nearby. Valerian infiltrates the tribe's territory with the help of a shape-shifting dancer, Bubble. They save Laureline and escape, but Bubble is mortally wounded. As she dies, she convinces Valerian to never give up on his feelings for Laureline.

Valerian and Laureline venture further into the infected area, realizing it is actually not toxic and contains some wrecks of antique spacecraft. They reach a large shielded hall where they find the humanoids, known as Pearls, with an unconscious Filitt. Their leader, Emperor Haban Limaï, explains that his people lived peacefully on Mül until a battle broke out in orbit between the human government's fleet and a government known as "Southern Territories". The human commander, Filitt, ordered the use of two powerful fusion missiles that disabled the enemy ship but caused it to crash into the planet, annihilating Mül. Upon dying, Princess Lihö-Minaa transferred her soul into Valerian's body. A small group of survivors took shelter in a crashed human spaceship. They managed to repair it, and learned of the humans' technology and history. They eventually came to Alpha, where they assimilated more knowledge and built a ship of their own. They needed only the converter and the pearl to launch the ship so they could find a planet to use their technology and recreate their homeworld. Filitt admits his role in the genocide, but argues that it was necessary to end the war, as was the cover-up to prevent the humans from being expelled from Alpha. Valerian and Laureline disagree, stating that the commander has only been trying to save himself from the consequences for his actions, before Valerian knocks him out again.

Valerian hands over the pearl he stole, and Laureline persuades him to return the converter too, ignoring procedures. While the Pearls' spacecraft prepares for takeoff, Filitt's pre-programmed robot K-Tron soldiers attack the Pearls, the government soldiers who were sent to assist Valerian, and their support staff, but are ultimately defeated. The spacecraft departs and Filitt is arrested. Valerian and Laureline are left adrift onboard a still working Apollo Command/Service Module, which is identified by radio technicians as "Destiny 2005", and Laureline finally answers Valerian's marriage proposal with a "maybe" as they wait for rescue.

Cast[edit]

Delevingne, DeHaan and Besson at the San Diego Comic-Con 2016 presentation of Valerian and the City of a Thousand Planets, at Camp Conival

Production[edit]

Development[edit]

Although Luc Besson loved the Valerian comics growing up, he did not seriously consider adapting them into a movie until he was working on The Fifth Element. During development, Besson had tapped Valerian illustrator Jean-Claude Mézières to work on the film, who asked Besson, "Why are you doing this shitty film? Why you don’t do Valerian?"[22] At the time, Besson felt that making the film was "impossible" given the vast monster-to-human ratio.[22] The release of Avatar served as both a blessing and a curse for Besson; he has said, "technically, I could see that we can do everything now. The film proved that imagination is the only limit." However, he also felt that "James Cameron pushed all the levels so high," which made him believe that his script was not good enough, so he rewrote it.[22] Ultimately, the storyboarding for the film took seven months.[23]

The project was first publicly reported in 2012.[24] The two principal stars, Dane DeHaan and Cara Delevingne, were announced in May 2015.[25] On 19 August 2015, Clive Owen signed on to play Commander Arün Filitt in the film.[26] The budget, €197 million, is by far the largest ever assembled for a French film. Previously, Asterix at the Olympic Games was the most expensive, at €78 million, just ahead of Besson's The Fifth Element (€75 million).[27] By the end of August 2015, Besson said in an RTL radio interview that shooting the film in France was too expensive. Because it was filmed in a foreign language (English), Besson was unable to benefit from tax credits, despite preferring to produce the film in France and create jobs for 1,200 crew members.[27][28] The criteria to obtain these tax credits were then adapted accordingly. In May 2015, it was announced Fundamental Films would invest US$50 million in the film.[29]

Filming[edit]

Principal photography on the film began on 5 January 2016 in seven sound stages dedicated to the film at the Cité du cinéma, in Saint-Denis, north of Paris.[23][30] In total, there are 2,734 visual effect shots.[31] The humanoid race the Pearl were completely synthetic creations by Weta Digital, which generated the characters from performances by actors with motion-capture equipment for their face and bodies.[32]

Marketing[edit]

The trailer featured the Beatles song "Because", which marked the first time a Beatles master recording had been featured in a non-Beatles film advertisement.[33]

Release[edit]

The first teaser for Valerian was released on 10 November 2016.[34] The teaser depicts Marmakas, an Entertainer (Bubble, identified as "Glamopod" in the film), Bagoulins, and Shingouz (known as "Doghan Daguis" in the film), who all appear in Ambassador of the Shadows. A special exclusive preview of Valerian was shown prior to the Fathom Events 4K restoration showing of The Fifth Element on 14 May and 17 May.[35][36]

Valerian was released in Israel on 20 July 2017,[37] on 21 July in the United States, on 26 July in France.[38] and on 2 August in the UK [39] Lionsgate handles the film's release in the United Kingdom and Ireland,[40] and STX Entertainment distributes the film in the United States.[41] The film was released on 25 August 2017 in China.[42]

Home media[edit]

Valerian and the City of a Thousand Planets was released digitally on November 7, 2017, and on Ultra HD Blu-ray, Blu-ray and DVD on November 21, 2017.[43][44]

Soundtrack[edit]

The official Soundtrack for "Valerian" was released on July 21, 2017 on Vinyl, CD, and Digital download.[45] The total duration of this soundtrack album is exactly the same number of minutes as the duration of the film itself — 137 minutes.

Valerian and the City of a Thousand Planets Film Score
Film score by Alexandre Desplat
Released July 21, 2017
Genre Pop;Rock; Film Score
Length 137:08
Label Valerian S.A.S.
Producer Xavier Forcioli
Alexandre Desplat chronology
American Pastoral
(2016)
Valerian and the City of a Thousand Planets Film Score
(2017)
The Shape of Water
(2017)
Singles from Valerian
  1. "A Million on My Soul"
    Released: May 24, 2017
  2. "I Feel Everything"
    Released: July 20, 2017
  3. "Bubble Dance"
    Released: August 12, 2017
  4. "We Trying to Stay Alive"
    Released: December 18, 2017
  5. "Rappcats"
    Released: February 24, 2018

Track listing[edit]

No.TitleArtist(s)Length
1."Big Market" (written by Luc Besson)Alexandre Desplat2:05
2."Space Oddity"David Bowie5:18
3."I Feel Everything"Cara Delevingne3:02
4."Jamming"Bob Marley3:19
5."Bus Attack"Alexandre Desplat3:08
6."We Trying to Stay Alive"Wyclef Jean featuring Pras & John Forte3:13
7."Arriving on Alpha"Alexandre Desplat2:06
8."A Million on My Soul (Radio Edit)"Alexiane2:59
9."Rappcats (Instrumental)"Quasimoto2:02
10."Bubble Dance"Julien Rey2:25
11."Spaceship Chase"Alexandre Desplat3:33
12."The World (Is Going up in Flames)"Charles Bradley3:22
13."A Million on My Soul"Alexiane4:07
14."Medusa"Alexandre Desplat1:59
15."Pearls on Mul"Alexandre Desplat7:36
16."Reading the Memo"Alexandre Desplat featuring Trug1:23
17."Flight Above the Big Market"Alexandre Desplat2:44
18."Showtime"Alexandre Desplat2:38
19."Valerian in Trouble"Alexandre Desplat1:38
20."Pearls Attack"Alexandre Desplat4:05
21."Valerian's Armor" 2:09
22."Submarine" 3:00
23."Shoot" 1:35
24."Fishing for Butterflies" 1:58
25."Le souper du Roi" 1:59
26."Boulanbator Combat" 3:02
27."Bubble" 2:32
28."Pearl’s World" 6:24
29."The City of 1000 Planets" 3:50
30."I Am a Soldier" 2:04
31."Pearls Power" 1:49
32."Final Combat" 7:06

Reception[edit]

Box office[edit]

Valerian and the City of a Thousand Planets grossed $40.5 million in the United States and Canada and $184.7 million internationally (including $36.8 million in France), for a worldwide total of $225.2 million.[9] With a production budget around $180 million, the film would have needed to gross $400 million worldwide in order to break even and justify a sequel.[11]

In North America, Valerian opened alongside Dunkirk and Girls Trip, and was initially projected to gross $20–25 million from 3,553 theaters, although some insiders believed it would open in the teens.[16][46] It made $6.5 million on its first day, including $1.7 million from Thursday night previews at 2,600 theaters, lowering weekend projections to $16.5 million. The film ended up debuting to $17 million, finishing 5th at the box office, leading Deadline Hollywood to already label the film a domestic box office bomb,[8] and causing a 8.31% fall of the EuropaCorp stock on the following Monday.[15] In its second weekend, the film dropped 62% to $6.4 million, finishing 8th at the box office.[47] In its third and fourth weekends the film made $2.4 million and $901,323, finishing 12th and 17th and dropping another 62% both times.[48]

Outside North America, the film opened in 16 markets alongside the US and made $6.5 million over its opening weekend, including $2.5 million in Germany.[49] In France, the film made $3.72 million (€3.19 million) on its first day, the second-best opening day of 2017 there behind Despicable Me 3.[50] In China, the film made $9.9 million on its first day from 78,000 screens, becoming the first film to displace Wolf Warriors 2 at the country's box office.[51] It went on to open to $29 million, topping the box office.[52] The largest territory for the film was China, with US$62.1 million.[9]

Critical response[edit]

Valerian received mixed reviews from critics, who praised its visuals while criticizing the plot and some of the casting.[16] On review aggregation website Rotten Tomatoes, the film has an approval rating of 49% based on 237 reviews, with an average rating of 5.5/10. The site's critical consensus reads, "Valerian and the City of a Thousand Planets uses sheer kinetic energy and visual thrills to overcome narrative obstacles and offer a viewing experience whose surreal pleasures often outweigh its flaws."[53] On Metacritic, which assigns a weighted average rating to reviews, the film has a score of 51 out of 100, based on reviews from 45 critics, indicating "mixed or average reviews".[54] On French entertainment information website AlloCiné, the film has an average grade of 3.0/5, based on 31 critics.[55] Audiences polled by CinemaScore gave the film an average grade of "B–" on an A+ to F scale.[8]

David Ehrlich of IndieWire gave the film a grade of B-, praising how "unapologetically idiosyncratic" the film is, while also saying "the vividness of this place only underscores the lifelessness of the people leading us through it .... There are 394 million stories on the City of a Thousand Planets, and Valerian’s might be the only one we’ve seen before. Still, any excuse to visit this place is one worth taking."[56] Peter Sciretta of /Film touted the first half of Valerian as "unpredictable and bonkers insane", while calling the second half more formulaic and "far less exciting", though he still encouraged seeing the film in 3D "on the biggest screen possible".[57] Ignatiy Vishnevetsky of The A.V. Club wrote that it was "rare […] to see a film this extravagant that also feels, for better or worse, like the work of a single personality. The longer action scenes may not always rank with Besson’s early ’90s highlights [...] or the mania of the more recent Lucy, but there isn’t a moment in this ludicrous, lushly self-indulgent movie that doesn’t feel like its creator is having the time of his life."[58]

Todd McCarthy of The Hollywood Reporter gave a negative review, saying: "The Razzies don't need to wait until the end of the year to anoint a winner for 2017 ... Hollywood studio chiefs can breathe easy that, this time, at least, they'll escape blame for making a giant summer franchise picture that nobody wants to see, since this one's a French import."[59] A. O. Scott of The New York Times was also less than happy with the film, writing the effort "feels as if it were made up on the spot, by someone so delighted by the gaudy genre packaging at his disposal that he lost track of what was supposed to be inside."[60] National Public Radio film critic, Mark Jenkins, additionally wrote in a negative review that the film's "perspective often seems more 19th- than 26th-century, notably in a sequence where Laureline is captured by members of a hostile species and forced to don a white dress to be presented to their emperor. The blobby computer-generated creatures resemble natives from the most racist of Tarzan movies."[61]

Accolades[edit]

Award Date of ceremony Category Recipients Result Ref.
Saturn Awards June 27, 2018 Best Science Fiction Film Valerian and the City of a Thousand Planets Nominated [62]
Best Production Design Hugues Tissandier Nominated
Best Costume Design Olivier Bériot Nominated

Possible sequel[edit]

Despite the film being a disappointment at the box office, director Luc Besson claims a sequel is still possible due to positive fan reaction.[63]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Cabin, Chris (20 September 2016). "Alexandre Desplat Moves from 'Rogue One' to 'Valerian and the City of a Thousand Planets'". Collider. 
  2. ^ Hopewell, John; Keslassy, Elsa. "Luc Besson's EuropaCorp Posts $31 Million Loss in 'Transition Year'". Yahoo!. Retrieved 14 July 2016. 
  3. ^ "Valerian and the City of a Thousand Planets [2D] (12A)". British Board of Film Classification. Retrieved 8 June 2017. 
  4. ^ "Valerian and the City of a Thousand Planets". UniFrance. Retrieved 20 July 2017. 
  5. ^ Lemercier, Fabien (10 April 2017). "283 feature films produced by France in 2016". Cineuropa. Retrieved 20 August 2017. 
  6. ^ a b "'Dunkirk' and 'Valerian' Bring Big Budgets to the Weekend, but Will They Bring Big Box Office?". Box Office Mojo. 20 July 2017. 
  7. ^ McClintock, Pamela (23 July 2017). "Box Office: 'Dunkirk' Conquers Competition With $50.5M Debut; 'Valerian' Bombs". The Hollywood Reporter. Retrieved 24 July 2017. 
  8. ^ a b c "'Dunkirk' Seizes $50.5M; 'Girls Trip' Is Malcolm D. Lee's Highest Opening; The Reasons Why 'Valerian' Crashed". Deadline Hollywood. Retrieved 23 July 2017. 
  9. ^ a b c "Valerian and the City of a Thousand Planets (2017)". Box Office Mojo. Retrieved 12 October 2017. 
  10. ^ Winfrey, Graham (7 July 2017). "'Valerian': How Luc Besson Made a $180 Million Indie That Can't Fail". IndieWire. Retrieved 8 July 2017. 
  11. ^ a b "Not a Marvel Movie: 'Valerian' Director on His Epic and Expensive Sci-Fi Adapted From a Graphic Novel". Newsweek. 19 July 2017. Retrieved 24 July 2017. 
  12. ^ a b c d e McNary, Dave (6 December 2015). "Ethan Hawke Joins Luc Besson's 'Valerian' Movie". Variety. Retrieved 6 January 2016. 
  13. ^ a b c D'Alessandro, Anthony (12 December 2015). "Luc Besson Announces That Herbie Hancock Is Joining 'Valerian'". Deadline Hollywood. Retrieved 6 January 2016. 
  14. ^ "'Valerian' And The City Of A Thousand Misconceptions: Who's On The Hook?". Deadline Hollywood. 25 July 2017. Retrieved 16 August 2017. 
  15. ^ a b "EuropaCorp Stock Falls After 'Valerian' Bombs". The Hollywood Reporter. 24 July 2017. Retrieved 26 July 2017. 
  16. ^ a b c "'Dunkirk' likely to win rare box-office battle of original big-budget movies". Los Angeles Times. 19 July 2017. 
  17. ^ "Valerian and the City of a Thousand Planets (2017)" – via www.imdb.com. 
  18. ^ Besson, Luc (15 December 2015). "Excited to announce Kris Wu in @ValerianMovie!". Twitter. Retrieved 6 January 2016. 
  19. ^ eOne Films. "Kris wu is sergeant neza. see him in action in luc besson's stunning sci-fi spectacle #valerian, july 20!". Twitter. Retrieved August 23, 2017. 
  20. ^ "Valerian and the City of a Thousand Planets (2017)". IMDb.com. Retrieved 23 September 2017 – via www.imdb.com. 
  21. ^ "Elizabeth Debicki Joins Valerian in Voice-Over Role". Screenrant.com. 1 June 2017. Retrieved 23 September 2017. 
  22. ^ a b c Fleming, Mike Jr. "Luc Besson Lays It On The Line For Passion Pic 'Valerian' — Deadline Disruptors". Deadline. Retrieved 15 July 2017. 
  23. ^ a b Rogers, Adam (7 June 2017). "Luc Besson Tests the Outer Limits With Sci-Fi Epic Valerian". Wired. Retrieved 20 July 2017. 
  24. ^ Keslassy, Elsa. "Luc Besson to write-direct 'Valerian' adaptation". Variety. Retrieved 16 July 2017. 
  25. ^ Hipes, Patrick (12 May 2015). "Luc Besson To Direct 'Valerian' In Return To Sci-Fi Roots". deadline.com. Retrieved 12 May 2015. 
  26. ^ Fleming Jr, Mike (19 August 2015). "Clive Owen Set By Luc Besson For 'Valerian'". deadline.com. Retrieved 23 August 2015. 
  27. ^ a b "Luc Besson threatens to film 'Valerian' abroad over French tax credits". France 24. 26 August 2015. Retrieved 10 January 2016. 
  28. ^ Richford, Rhonda (14 September 2015). "Luc Besson's 'Valerian' to Shoot in France After Incentives Tweak (Report)". The Hollywood Reporter. Retrieved 10 January 2016. 
  29. ^ Jaafar, Ali (18 May 2015). "Fundamental & EuropaCorp Extend Output Deal For 5 More Years, Includes $50 Million Investment In 'Valerian'- Cannes". Deadline Hollywood. Retrieved 2 October 2016. 
  30. ^ Perry, Spencer (4 January 2016). "Cara Delevingne Photo from the Set of Valerian". ComingSoon.net. Retrieved 5 January 2016. 
  31. ^ "Luc Besson Says Making 'The Fifth Element' Was a 'Nightmare' Compared To 'Valerian'". ScreenCrush. Retrieved 23 September 2017. 
  32. ^ "The Pearl: The Super Alien Models of VALERIAN". VFXVoice. Retrieved 20 March 2018. 
  33. ^ Eisenberg, Eric (2016). "Why Paul McCartney Let Valerian Use A Beatles Song In The Trailer". CinemaBlend. Retrieved 17 November 2017. 
  34. ^ Taylor, Drew (8 November 2016). "The 'Valerian and the City of a Thousand Planets' Trailer Will Blow Your Mind". Moviefone. Retrieved 9 November 2016. 
  35. ^ Gettell, Oliver (7 April 2017). "The Fifth Element heading back to theaters with Valerian preview". Entertainment Weekly. 
  36. ^ "The Fifth Element: 20th Anniversary". Fathom Events. 14 May 2017. 
  37. ^ "Valerian Movie: Ultimate Nerdgasm - Shalla-Bal". Shalla-Bal. 2017-07-21. Retrieved 2017-07-21. 
  38. ^ Vlessing, Etan (18 May 2015). "Luc Besson's Sci-Fi Epic 'Valerian' Gets Release Date". The Hollywood Reporter. Retrieved 21 August 2015. 
  39. ^ "Rihanna and Cara Delevingne at the European Premiere of Valerian and The City of a Thousand Planets". Ikon London Magazine. Retrieved July 28, 2017. 
  40. ^ Alex Ritman (10 February 2016). "Lionsgate Takes Luc Besson's 'Valerian' for U.K." The Hollywood Reporter. Retrieved 10 February 2016. 
  41. ^ Fleming Jr, Mike; Busch, Anita (3 January 2017). "STX Lands Luc Besson's 'Valerian' And Other EuropaCorp Titles In 3-Year Pact; RED Hit With Massive Layoffs". Deadline Hollywood. Retrieved 26 February 2017. 
  42. ^ "Luc Besson's 'Valerian' Gets China Release Date In Late August". Deadline Hollywood. 27 July 2017. Retrieved 28 July 2017. 
  43. ^ "Valerian and the City of a Thousand Planets DVD Release Date November 21, 2017". DVDs Release Dates. Retrieved 23 September 2017. 
  44. ^ "Valerian and the City of a Thousand Planets Blu-ray". Blu-ray.com. Retrieved 23 September 2017. 
  45. ^ "Music from Valerian and the City of a Thousand Planets (2017)". Tunefind. Retrieved 2018-03-20. 
  46. ^ "Can 'War For The Planet Of The Apes' Conquer The Summertime Franchise Blues? – Advance B.O. Forecast". Deadline Hollywood. 4 July 2017. 
  47. ^ "'Dunkirk' Marches Ahead Of 'Emoji Movie' For Top Spot With $28M+". Deadline Hollywood. Retrieved 30 July 2017. 
  48. ^ "'The Dark Tower' Is Tall Enough For No. 1 With $19.5M During Sluggish Summer Weekend". Deadline Hollywood. Retrieved 21 August 2017. 
  49. ^ "Dunkirk' Takes Box Office By Storm With $55.4M No. 1 Spot For $105M+ Global Opening; 'Valerian' $23.5M Start". Deadline Hollywood. 23 July 2017. Retrieved 24 July 2017. 
  50. ^ "Valerian' Takes Flight In France With 2nd Best Opening Day Of 2017". Deadline Hollywood. 27 July 2017. Retrieved 28 July 2017. 
  51. ^ "'Valerian' Opens To $9.9M In China To Take No. 1 Away From 'Wolf Warrior 2' – Int'l Box Office". Deadline Hollywood. 25 August 2017. Retrieved 27 August 2017. 
  52. ^ "'Valerian' Tops China; 'Wonder Woman' Hits $400M Overseas – International Box Office". Deadline Hollywood. 27 August 2017. Retrieved 27 August 2017. 
  53. ^ "Valerian and the City of a Thousand Planets (2017)". Rotten Tomatoes. Retrieved 17 November 2017. 
  54. ^ "Valerian and the City of a Thousand Planets reviews". Metacritic. Retrieved 5 August 2017. 
  55. ^ "Critiques Presse pour le film Valérian et la Cité des mille Planètes". AlloCiné (in French). Retrieved 29 October 2017. 
  56. ^ Ehrlich, David (11 July 2017). "Review: 'Valerian and the City of a Thousand Planets' Is Like 'Star Wars' on Crystal Meth, and It's Almost Crazy Enough to Work". IndieWire. Penske Business Media, LLC. Retrieved 11 July 2017. 
  57. ^ Chitwood, Adam (29 June 2017). "First 'Valerian' Reactions Praise the Spectacle, Creatures, and World-Building". Collider. Complex Media Inc. Retrieved 30 June 2017. 
  58. ^ Vishnevetsky, Ignatiy (Jul 14, 2017). "Luc Besson's space romp Valerian And The City Of A Thousand Planets is fun if you can stand the dumb". The A.V. Club. Retrieved 24 July 2017. 
  59. ^ McCarthy, Todd (10 July 2017). "Valerian and the City of a Thousand Planets': Film Review". The Hollywood Reporter. Retrieved 18 July 2017. 
  60. ^ Scott, A. O. (20 July 2017). "Review: 'Valerian' Is a Rave in Space (but Not Much Fun)". The New York Times. Retrieved 23 July 2017. 
  61. ^ "Besson's Dazzling But Dull 'Valerian And The City Of A Thousand Planets'". NPR.org. Retrieved 2018-03-27. 
  62. ^ McNary, Dave (March 15, 2018). "'Black Panther,' 'Walking Dead' Rule Saturn Awards Nominations". Variety. Archived from the original on March 15, 2018. Retrieved March 15, 2018. 
  63. ^ "Valerian 2 Still Possible Following Positive Fan Reactions". Movieweb.com. 19 September 2017. Retrieved 23 September 2017. 

External links[edit]