Valeriana celtica

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Valeriana celtica
Valeriana celtica (Echt-Speik) IMG 2623.jpg
Not evaluated (IUCN 3.1)[1]
Scientific classification edit
Kingdom: Plantae
Clade: Angiosperms
Clade: Eudicots
Clade: Asterids
Order: Dipsacales
Family: Caprifoliaceae
Genus: Valeriana
V. celtica
Binomial name
Valeriana celtica
  • V. celtica subsp. norica[2][3]
  • Valeriana celtica subsp. pancicii[4]
  • Valeriana celtica subsp. pennina[2]

Valeriana celtica is a species of plant in the Caprifoliaceae family. It is also known as Alpine valerian and valerian spikenard.[6] It is endemic to the Eastern Alps (V. celtica subsp. norica) and to the Graian and Pennine Alps.[citation needed] It grows as a perennial herb.[7] Until the 1930s, it was extensively harvested for export to Asia for use in perfumes.[2] The root has been used as a folk remedy as a nerve tonic.[7]



  1. ^ "Valeriana celtica". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. 2017. Retrieved 2 October 2017. This taxon has not yet been assessed for the IUCN Red List, but is in the Catalogue of Life: Valeriana celtica Valeriana celtica celtica Valeriana celtica norica Vierh. Valeriana celtica Vill. Valeriana celtica pancicii (Hal. & Bald.) Weberling
  2. ^ a b c Novak, Johannes; Novak, Stefan; Bitsch, Christina; Franz, Chlodwig Michael (10 March 2000). "Essential oil composition of underground parts of Valeriana celtica ssp. from Austria and Italy". Flavour and Fragrance Journal. 15 (1): 40–42. doi:10.1002/(SICI)1099-1026(200001/02)15:1<40::AID-FFJ863>3.0.CO;2-B. ISSN 0882-5734. Archived from the original on 6 January 2013. Retrieved 11 February 2010.
  3. ^ "Valeriana celtica ssp. norica". Global Biodiversity Information Facility. Archived from the original on 3 March 2016. Retrieved 25 June 2010.
  4. ^ Weberling, F.; Endlich, B.; Engel, D.B.K (1971). "Zur systematischen Stellung von Valeriana pancicii Halácsy & Baldacci und V. bertiscea Pančić". Österreichische Botanische Zeitschrift. 119 (1–3): 94–101. doi:10.1007/BF01373111.
  5. ^ "Valeriana celtica L., 1753 - Taxon n°5675 - BDNFF v4.02". Tela Botanica. Le réseau des Botanistes Francophones. 2000–2009. Archived from the original on 2011-07-19. Retrieved 11 February 2010.
  6. ^ Kress, Henriette (1995–2010). "Valeriana celtica". Henriette's Herbal Homepage. Retrieved 11 February 2010.
  7. ^ a b Uphof, Johannes Cornelis Theodorus (1968) [1959]. Dictionary of Economic Plants (second ed.). New York, NY: J. Cramer. p. 538. ISBN 9783904144711. OCLC 48693661.

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