Valerie Taylor (novelist)
- The page is about the novelist and poet. For the diver and shark expert see Ron & Valerie Taylor
Valerie Taylor (September 7, 1913 – October 22, 1997), born Velma Nacella Young, was an American author of books published in the lesbian pulp fiction genre, as well as poetry and novels after the "golden age" of lesbian pulp fiction. She also published as Nacella Young (under which she wrote her poetry), Francine Davenport (under which she wrote her romances), and Velma Tate. Her publishers included Naiad Press, Banned Books, Universal, Gold Medal Books, Womanpress, Ace and Midwood-Tower.
Velma Nacella Young was born in rural Illinois and attended Blackburn College during the Great Depression. She was a member of the American Socialist Party, which she joined at the age of 22. Feeling that social norms compelled her to find a husband, she married William Jerry Tate in 1939, and they had a son, Marshall, in 1940, and twins Jerry and James in 1942.
Velma Tate worked as a schoolteacher and a secretary until the 1950s while also selling poems, articles, and short stories to magazines that included Canadian Poetry Magazine, Good Housekeeping, True Love and True Story.
Writing and activism career
Beacon Books published Valerie Taylor's first novel, Hired Girl (also published as The Lusty Land), in 1953. Set on a poor Midwestern farm, Hired Girl has no lesbian subject matter, but it does explore other controversial sexual and political themes. Its publication earned Taylor $500, which she used to pay for a divorce, as well as a pair of shoes and two dresses.
Taylor, who described herself as both bisexual and a lesbian, has claimed that she only realized the full extent of her attraction to women when in her thirties. Though married at the time, she did not attribute the failure of her marriage to her sexuality; her husband William was alcoholic, abusive, and financially unstable. Taylor had relationships with both men and women after her divorce.
From 1957 to 1967, living in Chicago, Taylor wrote novels in the genre of lesbian pulp fiction, in which she became well-known. She explained her reasons for choosing the genre: "I began writing gay novels around 1957. There was suddenly a plethora of them on sale in drugstores and bookstores... many written by men who had never knowingly spoken to a lesbian. Wish fulfillment stuff, pure erotic daydreaming. I wanted to make some money, of course, but I also thought that we should have some stories about real people." Taylor worked as a proofreader for Henry Regnery Company in Chicago until 1961. She attempted to sustain her income with her writing after leaving Regnery. Due to her notoriety in the lesbian pulp fiction genre, as well as her public activism during her time in Chicago, she was dubbed one of the "Lesbian Grandmothers of America."
Cornell University, which houses her literary estate, calls her novels "pulp fiction classics." She was prominent in activist causes from the 1950s through the 1980s, including LGBT rights, feminism, and Elder rights. She belonged to the Daughters of Bilitis, contributing her work to their magazine The Ladder, the first nationally distributed lesbian publication. Taylor was instrumental in starting Mattachine Midwest in 1965 and lent her services to its newsletter as editor for several years. She protested at the 1968 Democratic Convention with other members of Mattachine Midwest, and she worked with the Women's International League for Peace and Freedom.
In 1965 she met Pearl Hart, another founder of Mattachine Midwest. They were together until 1975 when Hart died. Not being an immediate family member, Taylor was not allowed to visit Hart in the hospital as she was dying and missed being able to tell her goodbye. She had to appeal to a friend of Hart's but by the time she was able to see her, Hart was in a coma.
Naiad Press published several of Taylor's books in the late 1970s and early 1980s.
She became a Quaker in 1979 after relocating to Tucson, Arizona, and a member of the Gray Panthers, a social justice activist group. Additionally, she became involved in activism in the environmental movement and advocacy for the elderly.
Taylor continued writing well into her 80s, covering stories of women in old age and encountering poverty.  In 1992, she was inducted into the Chicago Gay and Lesbian Hall of Fame. She died on October 22, 1997 at the age of 84 in her home in Tucson, Arizona.. Upon her death, her work was placed in the Cornell Library's Human Sexuality Collection. Her name was added post mortem to a lengthy list of other members of the LGBTQ community at the Tucson Gay Museum.
- The Lusty Land (originally published as Hired Girl) 1953, Universal
- Whisper Their Love 1957, Gold Medal
- The Girls in 3-B 1959, Gold Medal
- Stranger on Lesbos 1960, Gold Medal
- A World Without Men 1963, Midwood Tower
- Unlike Others 1963, Midwood Tower
- Return to Lesbos 1963
- Journey to Fulfillment 1964, Midwood Tower
- The Secret of the Bayou 1967, Ace (as Francine Davenport)
- Love Image 1977, Naiad
- Prism 1981, Naiad
- Ripening 1988, Banned Books
- Rice and Beans 1989
- Two Women: The Poetry of Jeannette Foster and Valerie Taylor 1976, Womanpress
- Walker, Lisa (2003). "Afterword." In Valerie Taylor, The Girls in 3-B, pp. 179–206. New York: Feminist Press.
- Kuda, Marie. "Valerie Taylor." Encyclopedia of Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, and Transgender History in America. Charles Scribner & Sons, 2004.
- "VALERIE TAYLOR – Chicago LGBT Hall of Fame". Archived from the original on 2019-03-06. Retrieved 2019-03-03.
- "Valerie Taylor". Feminist Press. Archived from the original on 2019-03-06. Retrieved 2019-03-03.
- In: Keller, Yvonne. "Was it Right to Love Her Brother's Wife So Passionately? Lesbian Pulp Novels and U.S. Lesbian Identity, 1950–1965." American Quarterly, 2005
- "Human Sexuality Collection: Valerie Taylor Papers". Archived from the original on 2007-06-10. Retrieved 2007-07-01.
- "Cornell Library Opens the Papers of Lesbian Writer Valerie Taylor | Rare and Manuscript Collections". rare.library.cornell.edu. Archived from the original on 2019-04-23. Retrieved 2019-03-03.
- Nolan, Monica (September 2, 2013). "Valerie Taylor, Chronicler of Lesbos". Archived from the original on March 6, 2019. Retrieved March 3, 2019.
- "Chicago Gay and Lesbian Hall of Fame". Archived from the original on 2010-10-05. Retrieved 2007-09-19.
- "Tucson, AZ Obituary Valerie Taylor Author and Poet". Arizona Daily Star. November 7, 1997. Retrieved 6 April 2012.
- "Tucson Gay Museum Special Exhibits 'Memorium Wall' Is A Place To Remember Those LGBTQ Brothers and Sisters Who Have Come Before Seeking Their Basic Equality And Civil Rights For All LGBTQ People, Recognition As Valuable And Productive Citizens, And Along The Way Spreading The Colors Of The Rainbow To The Many They Came In Contact With ..." www.tucsongaymuseum.org. Archived from the original on 2019-03-06. Retrieved 2019-03-03.