Valindaba

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Coordinates: 25°47′59″S 27°56′36″E / 25.79972°S 27.94333°E / -25.79972; 27.94333 The Valindaba site, also known as Pelindaba East or Y-plant,[1] is an experimental uranium enrichment plant, located 35 km west of Pretoria, Gauteng province, South Africa.

History[edit]

Y-Plant was completed in 1975 by the Uranium Enrichment Corporation of South Africa (UCOR) and started producing HEU in 1978.[2] It was shut down for almost two years following an accident in 1979, but was back in production by 1981 and since then has produced all the fuel required by SAFARI-1[2]

Y-Plant ceased production on 1 February 1991 and was dismantled the same year.[3]

The plant used the Helikon vortex separation process, a process developed in South Africa, to accumulate the uranium 235 isotope.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Valindaba / Pelindaba East". Retrieved 2006-09-05. 
  2. ^ a b Cochran, Thomas B. (1993-10-13). "High-Enriched Uranium Production for South African Nuclear Weapons" (PDF). Science and Global Security. 4 (2): 6. doi:10.1080/08929889408426398. 
  3. ^ Cochran, Thomas B. (1993-10-13). "High-Enriched Uranium Production for South African Nuclear Weapons" (PDF). Science and Global Security. 4 (2): 7. doi:10.1080/08929889408426398.