Valine decarboxylase

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valine decarboxylase
Identifiers
EC number 4.1.1.14
CAS number 9031-16-7
Databases
IntEnz IntEnz view
BRENDA BRENDA entry
ExPASy NiceZyme view
KEGG KEGG entry
MetaCyc metabolic pathway
PRIAM profile
PDB structures RCSB PDB PDBe PDBsum
Gene Ontology AmiGO / QuickGO

In enzymology, a valine decarboxylase (EC 4.1.1.14) is an enzyme that catalyzes the chemical reaction

L-valine 2-methylpropanamine + CO2

Hence, this enzyme has one substrate, L-valine, and two products, 2-methylpropanamine and CO2.

This enzyme belongs to the family of lyases, specifically the carboxy-lyases, which cleave carbon-carbon bonds. The systematic name of this enzyme class is L-valine carboxy-lyase (2-methylpropanamine-forming). Other names in common use include leucine decarboxylase, and L-valine carboxy-lyase. It employs one cofactor, pyridoxal phosphate.

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