Valinhos

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Valinhos
Municipality
Flag of Valinhos
Flag
Coat of arms of Valinhos
Coat of arms
Location in São Paulo state
Location in São Paulo state
Valinhos is located in Brazil
Valinhos
Valinhos
Location in Brazil
Coordinates: 22°58′14″S 46°59′45″W / 22.97056°S 46.99583°W / -22.97056; -46.99583Coordinates: 22°58′14″S 46°59′45″W / 22.97056°S 46.99583°W / -22.97056; -46.99583
Country Brazil
RegionSoutheast Brazil
StateSão Paulo
Metropolitan RegionCampinas
Area
 • Total148.54 km2 (57.35 sq mi)
Elevation
660 m (2,170 ft)
Population
 (2015)
 • Total120,258
 • Density810/km2 (2,100/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC-3 (BRT)
 • Summer (DST)UTC-2 (BRST)
Postal code
13270-000
Phone code+55 19

Valinhos (Portuguese pronunciation: [vaˈliɲus]) is a municipality (municipio) in the state of São Paulo, Brazil. It is the birthplace of Adoniran Barbosa. Valinhos is famous for its purple fig, the theme of its annual Fig Fest. It is part of the Metropolitan Region of Campinas.[1] The population is 120,258 (as of 2015) in an area of 148.54 square kilometres (57.35 square miles).[2] Its elevation is 660 m (2,165.35 ft). Its name means 'little valleys' in Portuguese.

History[edit]

The city was founded on 2 December 1732 by Alexandre Simões Vieira. A passage between the villages of São Paulo and Jundiaí had been opened. The main economic foundation of the town in the 19th century was the production of coffee, figs and grapes. Later on, a railway was created to transport the products to the Port of Santos.

Since the fig has been a town's symbol, the city counsel organizes the Festa do Figo (a traditional Fig Fest, attended by more than 75,000 people yearly). The city is mainly composed by closed neighbourhoods, condominium complexes and some residential buildings. There is also a Colégio Visconde de Porto Seguro.

Geography[edit]

Mostly two thirds of the area is a rural community scattered around 89 km2 (34 sq mi), however, the urban area is growing as soon as the neighbourhoods are built. Around the city are the most important highways of the state of São Paulo, which are named Anhanguera, Bandeirantes and Dom Pedro I. They connect all parts of the state and are considered the best highways in the country.

Economy[edit]

Part of the greater Campinas, Valinhos hosts branches from several multinational companies; Vermeer, Wenger, Cogna Educação, Chr. Hansen, Eaton, Schlegel-Giesse and many others. According to the magazine Exame, Valinhos is the 12th best city in Brazil in terms of life quality.

Demography[edit]

  • 2018: 127,123 citizens

Population (in percentage)

  • Urban 95%
  • Rural 5%

Area

  • Urban 65.9 km2 (25.4 sq mi)
  • Rural 88.0 km2 (34.0 sq mi)
Population (2009) Men Women Voters
107,453 50,112 49,216 59,934

Health, Security and Education[edit]

These three sections are provided by the government and are well designed in the town, as well as the children and teenagers have the chance to learn, have their free time, play some sports and are within a secure area. There are two new hospitals in the town that looks after partly two thirds of the population, where it's not paid. However, there is another one, which is private that attends the other third.

International Relations[edit]

References[edit]