Valle de la Orotava
This area was one of the first one planted to vines when the Canary Islands were occupied by Spain in the 15th century. The area given over to vines has diminished steadily over during the course of the 20th century due to increasing competition from banana plantations.
The Valle de la Orotava (Orotava Valley) is not strictly speaking a valley at all, but the local name for the lower slopes of the Teide. The vineyards are at an average height of around 800 m above sea-level.
70% of the soil is volcanic, 20% clay and the remaining 10% is volcanic rock. The soils are light, permeable, rich in minerals and slightly acidic.
The climate is hot and humid due to the influence of the Atlantic Ocean, with a high index of annual sunlight hours. Temperatures are high in summer and the vineyards are often shrouded in mist caused by the humidity bearing trade winds which blow all year round. This allows the vines to thrive though at times they are affected by sudden storms and strong gusts of wind.
The preferred authorized varieties are as follows:
- Red varieties: Listán negro, Malvasía rosada, Negramoll
- White varieties: Gual, Malvasía, Verdello, Vijariego
- Red varieties: Bastardo negro, Moscatel negra, Tintilla, Vijariego negro
- White varieties: Bastardo blanco, Forastera blanca, Torrontés, Listán blanco, Marmajuelo, Moscatel, Pedro Ximénez
- http://www.winesfromspain.com (English and Spanish)
- http:// www.dovalleorotava.com