Valley Grande, Alabama
|Valley Grande, Alabama|
|Dallas County and the state of Alabama|
|Country||United States of America|
|• Type||Mayor-council government|
|• Mayor||Matt Dobbs|
|• Total||33.8 sq mi (87.6 km2)|
|• Land||33.5 sq mi (86.8 km2)|
|• Water||0.3 sq mi (0.8 km2)|
|Elevation||259 ft (79 m)|
|• Density||120/sq mi (46.3/km2)|
|Time zone||Central (CST) (UTC-6)|
|• Summer (DST)||CDT (UTC-5)|
|ZIP codes||36701, 36703|
|GNIS feature ID||2405635|
Valley Grande is a city in Dallas County, Alabama, United States, just north of Selma. Incorporated in early 2003, Valley Grande has a mayor-council form of government. The city's population was 4,020 at the time of the 2010 census.
Valley Grande encompasses the historic community of Summerfield. Established in 1819 as "Valley Creek", the town was renamed "Summerfield" in 1845 to honor the noted Methodist preacher John Summerfield. In 1829, the first academy in Dallas County was chartered in Valley Creek. In 1842, the Alabama Conference of the Methodist Church opened the Methodist Centenary Institute, a coeducational institution chartered by the Alabama Legislature on January 2, 1841. At its peak when cotton production was profitable, Summerfield was a very prosperous community of planters, doctors, merchants, ministers, and educators. The historical core of Summerfield has survived intact and is listed on the National Register of Historic Places as a historic district encompassing 56.12 acres (227,100 m2).. The present city of Valley Grande came into being following fears that new and divisive Selma mayor James Perkins, Jr. was planning on annexing the area into the city of Selma. In late 2002 it became evident that in order to preserve the quality of life the people of the Valley Grande and Summerfield areas were accustomed to, and to maintain local control of their communities, it would be necessary to incorporate. On January 9, 2003 the people of Valley Grande voted 9 to 1 for incorporation as the Town of Valley Grande. After the election of a mayor and five-member town council the vast majority of the Summerfield area was voluntarily annexed as part of Valley Grande. 
According to the United States Census Bureau, Valley Grande has a total area of 33.8 square miles (87.6 km2), of which 33.5 square miles (86.8 km2) is land and 0.31 square miles (0.8 km2) is water.
|U.S. Decennial Census
As of the census of 2010, there were 4,020 people, 1,559 households, and 1,173 families residing in the city. The population density was 118.9 people per square mile (45.6/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 75.2% White, 23% Black or African American, 0.4% Native American, 0.4% Asian, 0.2% from other races, and 0.8% from two or more races.
There were 1,559 households, out of which 33.4% had children under the age of 18 living with them; 34.2% were married couples living together, 10.6% had a female householder with no husband present, and 24.8% were non-families. 21.7% of all households were made up of individuals and 10.9% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.58 and the average family size was 3.00.
The median income for a household in the city was $57,432, and the median income for a family was $64,461. Males had a median income of $42,456 versus $37,722 for females. The per capita income for the city was $25,767. About 8.7% of families and 8.8% of the population were below the poverty line, including 15.1% of those under age 18 and 6.4% of those age 65 or over.
The city government is composed of a mayor and five at-large council members. The current mayor is Matt Dobbs. The city council members are Tim White, Ronald Sawyer, Donna Downs, Jane Craig, and Kenneth Martin.
Residents are zoned to schools in Dallas County Schools. Valley Grande Elementary School and Martin Middle School, within the city, serve the county. Most high school-aged students attend the public Dallas County High School, located in Plantersville, a nearby unincorporated area.
- U.S. Geological Survey Geographic Names Information System: Valley Grande, Alabama. Retrieved on 2011-06-18.
- "Valley Grande AL". ZIP Code Lookup. Retrieved 2011-06-18.
- "Geographic Identifiers: 2010 Demographic Profile Data (G001): Valley Grande city, Alabama". U.S. Census Bureau, American Factfinder. Retrieved October 5, 2015.
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population for Incorporated Places: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2015". Retrieved July 2, 2016.
- "U.S. Decennial Census". Census.gov. Retrieved June 6, 2013.
- "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2013". Retrieved June 3, 2014.
- 2010 Census
- "Schools." City of Valley Grande. Retrieved on April 4, 2009.
- "Valley Grande Map." City of Valley Grande. Retrieved on April 4, 2009.