|This article needs additional citations for verification. (November 2014)|
|Traded as||OMX: VALMT|
|Industry||Services, Pulp and Energy, Paper and Automation|
|Bo Risberg (Chairman), Pasi Laine (President and CEO)|
|Revenue||€2.743 million (2014)|
|€72 million (2014)|
|Profit||€46 million (2014)|
|Total assets||€2.412 billion (end 2014)|
|Total equity||€809 million (end 2014)|
Number of employees
|10,464 (end 2014)|
The Valmet Corporation is a Finnish company, a leading global developer and supplier of services and technologies for the pulp, paper and energy industries. It was reborn through the demerger of the pulp, paper and power businesses from Metso Group in December 2013. Valmet is organized around three business lines which are Services, Pulp and Energy, and Paper. The company has operations in around 30 countries and employs 11,000 people. Valmet’s head office is in Espoo, Finland and its shares are listed on the NASDAQ OMX Helsinki Ltd.
- 1 History
- 2 Organization and products
- 3 Historical products
- 4 See also
- 5 References
- 6 External links
The company's history goes back to the 1750s when a small shipyard was established in the Sveaborg fortress on the islands outside Helsinki. In the early 20th century it ended up under the ownership of the Finnish state and became part of Valmet. Tamfelt was established in 1797 and became one of the leading suppliers of technical textiles. These operations are now part of Valmet's Services business line.
Several of the companies forming part of the new Valmet Corporation date back to the 19th century. The Karlstad Mekaniska Werkstad (KMW) in Sweden began in 1865. Beloit Corporation began in 1858 as a foundry in the city of Beloit, Wisconsin, US. Sunds Bruk, the predecessor of Sunds Defibrator Industries Ab, was established in Sweden in 1868.
In 1946, several metal workshops owned by the Finnish state were merged to form the Valtion Metallitehtaat (English: State Metalworks). At the beginning of 1951, the Valtion Metallitehtaat group was renamed Valmet Oy, and the product range expanded over the years to include ships, aircraft, weapons, locomotives, tractors, marine engines, elevators and paper machines.
Valmet began manufacturing paper machines at the former Rautpohja artillery works in Jyväskylä, Finland in the early 1950s and delivered its first paper machine in 1953. Valmet became an internationally significant paper machine supplier in the mid-1960s, when it delivered several machines to the world's leading paper industry countries.
In the 1980s and 1990s, Valmet focused increasingly on paper technology, selling its shipbuilding industry, and the manufacture of rolling stock, elevators and tractors. In turn, the company bought Wärtsilä's paper finishing machinery unit, the Swedish company Karlstads Mekaniska Werkstad (KMW) and the board machine manufacturer Tampella Papertech.
In July 1999, Valmet Corporation and Rauma Corporation ("Rauma") merged to form a new company. Initially called Valmet-Rauma Corporation, the name was changed to Metso Corporation in August 1999. At the time of the merger Valmet was a paper and board machine supplier, while Rauma focused on fiber technology, rock crushing and flow control solutions. The merger produced an equipment supplier serving the global process industry. Shares in Metso were listed on the Helsinki Stock Exchange, which replaced the listings of its predecessor companies.
In 2000, Valmet (at the time part of Metso) acquired Beloit Corporation's tissue and paper-making technology as well as its service operations in the United States and France. In December 2006, Valmet completed the acquisition of the Pulping and Power businesses from Aker Kvaerner ASA of Norway. At the end of 2009, Valmet acquired Tamfelt Corporation, one of the world’s leading suppliers of technical textiles.
In October 2013 a plan to demerge Metso into two companies, Valmet and Metso, was approved. On December 31, 2013 Metso's Pulp, Paper and Power business was transferred to the new company, Valmet Corporation, and the Mining and Construction and Automation business remained part of Metso.
Effective April 2015 Valmet bought Automation business from Metso.
Organization and products
|This section does not cite any references or sources. (July 2015)|
Valmet is organized around five geographical areas – North America, South America, EMEA (Europe, Middle-East and Africa), Asia Pacific, and China; and three business lines – Services, Pulp and Energy, and Paper.
The Services business line provides services and solutions to the pulp, paper, energy and certain other process industries. These include spare, wear and replacement parts and equipment, paper machine clothing, filter fabrics, paper machine roll services, plant improvements, upgrades and technical modifications and expert services to improve plant efficiency and operational effectiveness, as well as plant maintenance outsourcing.
Pulp and Energy
Pulp and Energy business line provides technologies for pulp and energy production as well as for biomass conversion. Its products can be divided into three main categories: pulp production, energy production and biomass conversion technologies.
Pulp products range from entire pulping lines to individual production machines and equipment for chemical and mechanical pulp production. Pulp business customers include mechanical and chemical pulp producers as well as companies in the panelboard industry.
Energy products include boilers, environmental protection systems (air quality control systems for the pulp, paper and power generation industries) and rebuilds. Customers of energy business are municipalities, utilities and companies in the energy, process, pulp and paper industries.
Biomass conversion technologies enable the conversion of biomass into renewable energy and recyclable products such as paper, pulp, board and tissue.
The Paper business line supplies board, tissue and paper machinery and equipment and machine rebuilds for the board, tissue and paper industries. Customers of the Paper business line mainly consist of papermaking companies as well as board and tissue producers.
Main tasks were the assembly and licence production of Fouga Magister trainers, Saab Draken fighters and BAe Hawk trainers. The Tampere factory was closed in the 1960s and main part of the aircraft factory became the facility at Kuorevesi.
Indigenously-designed aircraft included the Valmet Vihuri in the 1950s, the Valmet Vinka in the late 1970s and the Valmet Redigo in the mid-1980s.
After the Finnish state privatized Valmet in 1996, the aviation division was detached and integrated into Finnish defence industries, Patria, as Patria Finavitec. The military part is mostly state-owned but EADS owns 27 per cent of Patria.
This period started with the assembly of F/A-18 Hornet fighter aircraft and NH90 helicopters. Civilian work increased in the form of participating in design and manufacture of parts for Airbus aircraft, most notably A380 spoilers.
Other products were paper mill machinery and process control equipment. Valtion tykkitehdas produced artillery pieces for the Finnish Army along with Tampella AB industries. After World War II production switched to paper mills.
Between 1958 and 1991 Valmet procuded a large number of locomotives, diesel multiple units and electric multiple units for the Finnish State Railways, as well as a number of trams for Helsinki City Transport.
- VR Class Hr11
- VR Class Dv11
- VR Class Dv12
- VR Class Dv15
- VR Class Dv16
- VR Class Dr12
- VR Class Dr16
- VR Class Tve4
Diesel multiple units
Electric multiple units
- "Financial Statement 2014" (PDF). Valmet. Retrieved 12 May 2015.
- Murray, Alan (2000). World Trolleybus Encyclopaedia. p. 99. Yateley, Hampshire, UK: Trolleybooks. ISBN 0-904235-18-1.
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