Valmet Nr II

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Nr II
MLNRV Hakaniemi 2010-05-03.JPG
An MLNRV class tram (Nr II refitted with low-floor midsection) at Hakaniemi, Helsinki
In service 1983–present
Manufacturer Valmet
Built at Valmet airplane factory, Tampere
Constructed 1983–87
Entered service 1983
Refurbishment 1996–2005
2006 onwards (addition of low-floor middle section)
Number built 42
Number in service 42
Fleet numbers 71–112
Capacity 39 seats, 100 standing (original)
49 seats, 120 standing (low-floor)
Operator(s) Helsinki City Transport (HKL)
Line(s) served All HKL tram lines
Specifications
Car length 20 m (65 ft 7 in) original construction
26.50 m (86 ft 11 in) with low-floor midsection
Width 2.3 m (7 ft 7 in)
Height 3.7 m (12 ft 2 in) with pantograph
Floor height 0.91 m (3 ft 0 in)
0.39 m (1 ft 3 in) low-floor section
Maximum speed 60 km/h (37 mph)
Weight 27.2 t (26.8 long tons; 30.0 short tons) (original)
33.5 t (33.0 long tons; 36.9 short tons) (low-floor)
Traction system Strömberg GHCU / H6232
Power output 2 × 130 kW (original)
2 × 156 kW (low-floor)
Braking system(s) track/disc/electric
Track gauge 1,000 mm (3 ft 3 38 in)

Nr II is a class of articulated six-axle (B′2′B′ wheel arrangement), chopper-driven tram operated by Helsinki City Transport (HKL) on the Helsinki tram network. All trams of this type were built by the Finnish metal industry corporation Valmet between the years 1983 and 1987.[1][2]

Between 1996 and 2005 all trams in the class were modernised by HKL and redesignated as Nr II+ class.[1] From 2006 onwards all trams of this class will be rebuilt with a low-floor midsection.[3][4] Currently, when all the units have been rebuilt with a low-floor midsection, the whole class has been redesignated as MLNRV II.[3]

History[edit]

The Nr II class was a further development of the Nr I class built by Valmet for the HKL between 1973 and 1975 (the Nr I was in turn based on the popular Düwag-built GT6 class).[5] The Nr I and Nr II classes are virtually identical in their exterior and interior designs, with exception of the tail lights.

Nr II class tram in original orange/grey livery at Helsinki Market Square 1987.

The first three Nr II class trams were delivered to Helsinki City Transport (HKL) in 1983, followed by an additional 11 in both 1984 and 1985, further ten in 1986, and the final seven in 1987.

The first tram in the class entered service for HKL in July 1983.

Between 1996 and 2005, all trams in this class were modernised with updates to the technics, changes to the interior layout, addition of electronic displays displaying the name of the next stop, as well as replacement of the original seats with new ones. Following the modernisation, the class was re-designated as Nr II+.[1]

Number 72 was one of the three units rebuilt with a remodeled windshield following the accident in July 2003.

On July 21, 2003, one of the Nr II-class trams derailed at high speed in the junction between Mannerheimintie and Aleksanterinkatu in central Helsinki, and collided with a motorcycle, which resulted in the death of the motorcyclist.[6]

An investigation into the causes of the accident revealed, that the driver of the tram had lost consciousness shortly before the collision due to extreme heat in the cockpit of the tram.[7] As a result of the accident, HKL redesigned the windshield of the Nr II class trams, adding a large vizor that contains an air conditioning unit, which also shields the driver from direct sunlight.

Trams 72, 95 and 109 were refitted with modified windshields in 2005. As of March 2009, they remain the only units with a rebuilt windshield.[1]

Interior of an Nr II tram after the 1996-2005 modernisation.

Between 2004 and 2007, all trams in the class were built with new line displays in the front and side of the tram, displaying both the number and destination on the line.[1]

In 2006, tram number 80 was rebuilt with a new 6.5 m (21 ft 4 in) low-floor midsection, built by Verkehrs Industrie Systeme. As a result of the lengthening, the tram has a B′2′2′B′ wheel arrangement, and can accommodate 30 additional passengers. To cope with the added weight of the midsection, the output of the traction motors was increased by approximately 20%. Experiences with the prototype lengthened tram were positive, and the rest of the Nr II class will be similarly rebuilt from late 2008 onwards.[3][4] As of November 2009, trams with numbers 76, 80, 85, 86, 91, 98, 99, 101, 102, 110, 111 and 102 have been rebuilt with low-floor midsections.[3]

Future[edit]

The Nr II class are expected to remain in service at least until 2025.[8]

Liveries[edit]

Like the Nr I class, the first Nr II class trams were originally painted in an orange/grey colour scheme. In 1986 HKL decided to abandon the unpopular colour scheme, and from tram number 104 onwards the Nr II class trams were delivered in HKL's traditional green/yellow livery. By 1995 all units in the class had been repainted the green/yellow livery.[1][9][10]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f "HKL: Motor trams 71–112 (1983–87)" (in Finnish and English). Finnish Tramway Society. March 20, 2008. Retrieved March 17, 2009. 
  2. ^ Pölhö, Eljas; Pykälä-aho, Mia (1996). Suomen juna- ja raitiovaunukuvasto / Finnish Motive Power 1.1.1996 (in Finnish and English). Malmö: Frank Stenvalls Förlag. p. 190. ISBN 91-7266-133-X. 
  3. ^ a b c d "HKL: Motor tram 80" (in Finnish and English). Finnish Tramway Society. May 8, 2008. Retrieved June 27, 2008. 
  4. ^ a b Salonen, Juha (August 24, 2007). "Nivelratikoiden väliosat tulevat Saksasta" (in Finnish). Helsingin Sanomat. Retrieved June 27, 2008. 
  5. ^ Alku, Antero (July 13, 2007). "Düwag GT6". Kaupunkiliikenne.net (in Finnish). Retrieved June 27, 2008. 
  6. ^ "Raitiovaunu ja moottoripyörä törmäsivät Helsingin keskustassa" (in Finnish). MTV3. July 21, 2003. Retrieved June 27, 2008. 
  7. ^ "Raitiovaunuturman tutkimukset jatkuivat kiertoajolla" (in Finnish). MTV3. August 1, 2003. Retrieved June 27, 2008. 
  8. ^ Pervilä, Markku (December 9, 2005). "Raitiovaunu välikappaleella matalalattiaiseksi" (in Finnish). Tekniikka & Talous. Retrieved June 27, 2008. 
  9. ^ "HKL 71–112". Helsinki City Transport. June 15, 2008. Retrieved June 17, 2008. 
  10. ^ Tolmunen, Tapio (2000). Sata vuotta sähköllä (in Finnish). HKL-Raitioliikenne. p. 48. ISBN 952-91-2495-3. 

External links[edit]

Media related to Valmet Nr II at Wikimedia Commons