Valpelline (valley)

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Location of the valley in the Valle d'Aosta
View of the upper Valpelline

Valpelline is one of the side valleys of the Aosta Valley in north-west Italy. It shares its name with one of the communes within its territory (Valpelline) and Valpelline is also one of the names by which the River Buthier is known.

Geography[edit]

The Valpelline branches from the Great St Bernard Valley near Gignod and rises to Collon Pass, which it shares with Valais, and which is located at the foot of the mountain Grand Combin, whose peak is across the border in Switzerland.

Principal mountains[edit]

Rivers[edit]

The Valpelline is bathed by the Buthier torrent which is fed by melt-waters of the Tsa de Tsan and Grandes Murailles glaciers.

Lakes[edit]

Alpine passes[edit]

The footpath leading from Switzerland to the Fenêtre de Durand.

Valpelline has no convenient crossings to its neighbouring valleys, However the principal passes are as follows:

Climate[edit]

The Valpelline is known locally in Valdôtain patois as the Coumba frèida (or Fr., Combe froide, literally the cold hollow) due to its particularly harsh climate.

History[edit]

The Bionaz Valley

The valley was for a long period a site of exchange—or of conflict—with the neighbouring Valais.

In the Middle Ages the valley was a possession of the lords of Quart, which they granted to the noble family of the district known as La Tour-de-Valpelline (or La-Tour-des-Prés).

On the extinction of the Quart Family in 1377, Valpelline passed to the House of Savoy. In 1612 it was assigned to the Perrone di San Martino, a Piedmontese noble family involved in the exploitation of the mine at Ollomont.

The valley was for many centuries difficult of access: the first carriage road to Bionaz was constructed in 1953.

Centres of population[edit]

L'alta Valpelline pictured from Gignod. The Grand Combin appears in the background

Places of interest[edit]

The parish of Saint-Pantaléon de Valpelline[edit]

The parish of Saint-Pantaléon de Valpelline is regarded as one of the most ancient of the Great St Bernard Valley. First documented in 1176 it included the settlements of Bionaz, Oyace and Ollomont. The current church, built in 1722, has three important chapels: the first, dedicated to Our Lady of the Snows, is the work of Vignettes (1755); the second, dedicated to Saint Roch, is the work of Semon (1640); and the third, dedicated to Saint Barbara, is the work of Thoules (1663).

Tourism[edit]

Hikers are catered for by a number of mountain huts (rifugi) and bivouac shelters:

Organisations[edit]

The Compagnie des guides du Valpelline — the association of Alpine guides for the Valdôtain (Italian) basin of Grand Combin—is based at Étroubles.

Notable personalities[edit]

The abbé Joseph-Marie Henry parish priest of Valpelline from 1903 to 1947, was a botanist, alpinist, historian and author of the Histoire populaire religieuse et civile de la vallée d'Aoste.

The works of Mario Glassier, a dialect poet born in 1931 in Oyace, include L'etéila di bon berdzé.

Attribution[edit]

This article began life as a translation of the corresponding article in the Italian language Wikipedia.

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 45°49′48″N 7°19′48″E / 45.8300°N 7.3300°E / 45.8300; 7.3300