Valpelline is one of the side valleys of the Aosta Valley in north-west Italy. It shares its name with one of the communes within its territory (Valpelline) and Valpelline is also one of the names by which the River Buthier is known.
The Valpelline branches from the Great St Bernard Valley near Gignod and rises to Collon Pass, which it shares with Valais, and which is located at the foot of the mountain Grand Combin, whose peak is across the border in Switzerland.
- Dent d'Hérens (4,171 m)
- Punta Margherita (Pointe Marguerite) (3,905 m)
- Dents des Bouquetins (3,838 m)
- Tête de Valpelline (3,802 m)
- Tête Blanche (3,724 m)
- Mont Vélan (3,708 m)
- Gran Becca Blanchen (3,680 m)
- Grande Tête de By (3,587 m)
- Aouille Tseuque (3,554 m)
- Mont Brulé (3,538 m)
- Becca Rayette (3,529 m)
- Mont Gelé (3,519 m)
- Becca di Luseney (Pic de Luseney) (3,504 m)
- Punta Kurz (3,496 m)
- Château des Dames (3,488 m)
- Punta di Fontanella (3,384 m)
- Becca di Chardoney (Pic de Chardoney) (3,447 m)
- Punta Cian (Pointe Tsan) (3,320 m).
- Place-Moulin Lake (1,950 m)
Valpelline has no convenient crossings to its neighbouring valleys, However the principal passes are as follows:
- Valpelline Pass (3,562 m) to Mattertal
- Col d'Oren (3,242 m) to the valley of Bagnes
- Collon Pass (3,130 m ) to Val d'Herens
- Valcornera Pass (3,066 m) to the Valtournenche
- Crête Sèche Pass (2,888) to the valley of Bagnes
- Vessona Pass (2,794 m) to Vallone di Saint-Barthélemy
- Fenêtre de Durand (2,786 m) to the valley of Bagnes
The valley was for a long period a site of exchange—or of conflict—with the neighbouring Valais.
On the extinction of the Quart Family in 1377, Valpelline passed to the House of Savoy. In 1612 it was assigned to the Perrone di San Martino, a Piedmontese noble family involved in the exploitation of the mine at Ollomont.
The valley was for many centuries difficult of access: the first carriage road to Bionaz was constructed in 1953.
Centres of population
Places of interest
The parish of Saint-Pantaléon de Valpelline
The parish of Saint-Pantaléon de Valpelline is regarded as one of the most ancient of the Great St Bernard Valley. First documented in 1176 it included the settlements of Bionaz, Oyace and Ollomont. The current church, built in 1722, has three important chapels: the first, dedicated to Our Lady of the Snows, is the work of Vignettes (1755); the second, dedicated to Saint Roch, is the work of Semon (1640); and the third, dedicated to Saint Barbara, is the work of Thoules (1663).
- Rifugio Franco Chiarella all'Amianthe (2,979 m)
- Rifugio Champillon (2,835 m)
- Rifugio Nacamuli al Col Collon (2,818 m)
- Rifugio Aosta (2,781 m)
- Rifugio Crête Sèche (2,398 m)
- Rifugio Prarayer (2,005 m)
- Bivacco Perelli Cippo (3,831 m)
- Bivacco Biagio Musso (3,664 m)
- Bivacco Paoluccio (3,572 m)
- Bivacco Tête des Roeses (3,200 m)
- Bivacco della Sassa (2,979 m)
- Bivacco Nino Recondi (2,650 m)
- Bivacco Rosazza al Savoie (2,650 m)
- Bivacco Franco Spataro (2,600 m)
- Bivacco La Lliée (2,422 m)
The works of Mario Glassier, a dialect poet born in 1931 in Oyace, include L'etéila di bon berdzé.
This article began life as a translation of the corresponding article in the Italian language Wikipedia.
- Media related to Valpelline at Wikimedia Commons
- Website of the Unité des communes valdôtaines du Grand-Combin.
- Website of the Compagnie des guides du Valpelline