Valsad district

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Valsad district

Bulsar
District
Location of Valsad district in Gujarat
Location of Valsad district in Gujarat
Coordinates: 20°36′36″N 72°55′33″E / 20.61005°N 72.925873°E / 20.61005; 72.925873Coordinates: 20°36′36″N 72°55′33″E / 20.61005°N 72.925873°E / 20.61005; 72.925873
Country India
StateGujarat
HeadquartersValsad
Area
 • Total2,947.49 km2 (1,138.03 sq mi)
Population
(2011)[1]
 • Total1,410,553
 • Density480/km2 (1,200/sq mi)
Languages
 • OfficialGujarati, Hindi
Time zoneUTC+5:30 (IST)
PIN
396 001
Telephone code912632
Largest cityVapi
Sex ratio922 Females per 1000 Males /
Websitewww.censusindia.gov.in
Districts of South Gujarat

Valsad district is one of the 33 districts in the Western Indian state of Gujarat. It is bound by Navsari district to the north, Nashik district of Maharashtra state to the east, and Dadra and Nagar Haveli union territory and Palghar district of Maharashtra to the south. The Arabian Sea lies west of the district. The coastal Daman enclave of Daman and Diu union territory is bounded by Valsad district on the north, east, and south.[2] The district's administrative capital is Valsad. The district's largest city is Vapi.[3]

The district covers 3008 square kilometres and is divided into six talukas: Valsad, Vapi, Pardi, Umargam, Kaparada and Dharampur.[4] The population was 1,705,678 in 2011, up from 1,410,553 in 2001.[5] Valsad is well known for its production of mangoes, sapodilla, and teak, and for its chemical and industrial stretch based on Vapi and Atul.

Mount Parnera is home to temples and a fort of Chatrapati Shivaji Maharaj.[6] Bagwada is home to Arjungad Fort and several temples, including a Jain temple.

History[edit]

On 1 June 1964, Valsad district was formed after Surat district was bifurcated into Valsad and Surat district. That time, Valsad, Dharampur, Pardi, Umbergaon, Navsari, Vansda, Chikhli and Gandevi were talukas of Valsad district.[7]

On 2 October 1997, Navsari district was formed after Valsad district was bifurcated into Valsad and Navsari district. The taluka of Kaparada was separated from Dharampur on 15 October 1997. After newly formed Kaparada taluka - Valsad, Dharampur, Kaparada, Pardi, Umbergaon were talukas of Valsad district.[8]

On 9 September 2013, Vapi taluka was separated from Pardi taluka. After newly formed Vapi taluka - Valsad, Dharampur, Kaparada, Pardi, Vapi, Umbergaon are talukas of Valsad district.[9]

Geography[edit]

Geography of Valsad District:
Average rainfall 2000 mm
Average temperature 26.9 °C
Seismic Zone Zone III
Major rivers Damanganga, Par, Auranga, Kolak, Taan and Maan
Hills Parnera Hill, Wilson Hills
Beachs Tithal Beach, Nargol Beach, Umbergaon Beach

Economy[edit]

Agriculture[edit]

Total production of food crops in Valsad in 2006-07 was 3.6 lakhs MT.
Major horticulture crops that are produced in the district are mango, cucurbits, chikoo, banana and sugarcane. In 2006-07, Valsad had the highest production of mango in the State, accounting for 2,03,112 MT. The district was the 2nd highest producer of Cucurbits with a production of 47,960 MT during 2006-07.[citation needed]

Industry[edit]

Valsad is an industrial base for sectors such as chemicals, textiles, and paper & pulp industries. Since the 1980s, textile and chemicals have been the major sectors of investments and employment in the district. Valsad is emerging as a horticulture hub of the State, witnessing significant production in food grains and crops.

With over 300 medium and large scale industries, Vapi is a major industrial center in Valsad. One of Asia’s largest Common Effluent Treatment Plant (CETP) is present in Vapi,[citation needed] owned by Vapi Waste & Effluent Management Company and promoted by Vapi Industrial Association.

Over 10,716 units of small and medium enterprises (SMEs), involved in different sectors, such as chemicals, textiles, engineering, and paper industry, are present in the district. Several private conglomerates are present in Valsad, including Alok Industries Ltd., Wyeth, Welspun India Ltd. Hubergroup India Private Limited ( formerly Micro Inks Ltd. ), Meril Group of companies (Meril Life Sciences Pvt. Ltd., Meril Healthcare Pvt. Ltd., Meril Endo Surgery Pvt. Ltd. and Meril Diagnostics Pvt. Ltd.), Aarti Industries, Atul Limited, Gujarat Heavy Chemicals Ltd. (GHCL), Raymond, Sun Pharmaceuticals, United Phosphorus, Pidilite, Polyols & Polymers and Vadilal, Unique Polymers.

Valsad district contains areas such as Vapi (the Chemical Hub of Gujarat),[citation needed] Umbergaon and Sarigam (the Industrial Estates).

Major industries[edit]

Chemical products such as diamino sulphone, acetic acids and esters, different types of dyes etc. Valsad Atul Limited, ANJARIA ENVIRO TECH PVT. LTD.,

Pharmaceutical products Valsad Wyeth Lederle Ltd.

Cotton yarns, madeups of cotton terry towel and fabrics Alok Industries Ltd., Welspun Polyesters

India Ltd., Semi processed & Instant foods, Tomato ketchup, canned and frozen foods Dharampur Vadilal Industries Ltd.

Electronic equipments for environmental and air pollution control, Phosphorus

Peentasulphide, Benzoate etc. Vapi United Phosphorus Ltd.

Pharmaceutical products, Vapi Sun Pharmaceuticals, SOHAM ACCOUNTING

Iron pipes, seamless pipes and stainless steels etc.Umbergaon Sarigam Steel Ltd.

Uncoated craft paper, newsprint and poster paper etc. Pardi Ruby Macons Limited.

synthetic resins, adhesives, colour pigments and lubricating chemicals etc. Vapi Pidilite Industries ltd.

Chemical products such as, chloroaniline, calcium phosphate, sulphuric acid,

Single super phosphate etc. Vapi Aarti Industries Ltd.

Weaving and processing of artificial and synthetic textile fibres etc. Pardi Raymond Ltd.

Printing inks, synthetic resins, prepared glues and adhesives etc. - Hubergroup India Private Limited - India's largest printing inks company.

Vapi bilag

Madeups of curtains and bed covers etc. Bhilad GHCL Ltd.[2]

Manufacturing of Medical Devices, Diagnostics Reagents & Instruments, Sutures and Orthopedic Implants.

Small scale industries (SSI)[edit]

In 6 talukas of the district, there are 10,716 units generating 58,641 jobs, with investments to the tune of INR 84,912 lakh (USD 207 million).

Dye stuff & opticals, cotton textiles, chemicals and lathes & machine tools are the major small scale industry sectors

present in Valsad district. Pardi taluka houses maximum number of SSI units with a healthy investment of over INR 39,340 lakhs (USD 100 million), providing jobs to 25,776 people.

Divisions[edit]

Talukas – 6 (Valsad, Pardi, Vapi, Dharampur, Kaparada, Umbergaon)
Major Cities – 2 (Vapi, Valsad)

Transport[edit]

Railways[edit]

Valsad Railway Station

Valsad station was established in 1925. The city has a control tower for better railway operation. The basic training center for the Western Railway cadets of RPF (Railway Protection Force) is in Valsad. Valsad has one of the largest railway yards with a full repair loco shed for electric locomotives in Western Railway along with the basic repair workshop for wagons and coaches. Many trains originate from Valsad for Mumbai, Ahmedabad, Viramgam, Dahod, Kanpur, Jodhpur, Haridwar, Puri and Muzaffarpur.

Main stations on Mumbai - Surat route are Umbargam Road, Sanjan, Bhilad, Vapi, Udvada, Pardi, Valsad, and Dungri.

Demographics[edit]

According to the 2011 census Valsad district has a population of 1,703,068,.[10][10][11][12]

The district has a population density of 570.[1] Its population growth rate over the decade 2001-2011 was 20.92%.[1] Valsad has a sex ratio of 922 females for every 1000 males,[1]

Tourism[edit]

Simandhar Swami Jain Derasar
Simandhar Swami Jain Derasar, Bhilad

Simandhar Swami Jain Derasar, also known as Nandigram Derasar at Nandigram village near Bhilad in Valsad district. A function was organised on Vaisakh Sudh 6th on its foundation day, 10 May 1989.[13][14] This temple is dedicated to Shri Simandhar Swami who is considered living tirthankar on another world in the Jain mythological universe.[15] Jain saints and devotees over placing ‘dhwaja’ (flag) over temple. Jain devotees from all across the state and Maharashtra were present in huge numbers to celebrate the function under the blessings of Jain saint. Place the ‘dhwaja’ upon the temple. Members of Gogalia Parivar, who happens to be the trustee of the temple

Shree Shirdi Saibaba Sansthapan, Tithal

Shree Shirdi Saibaba Sansthapan is located on the shore of the beach in Tithal town of Valsad district. The temple was established in 1982.

Shri Swaminarayan Mandir, Tithal

Shri Swaminarayan Mandir is located on the shore of the beach in Tithal town of Valsad district. This is a temple of Lord Swami Narayan.

Tadkeshwar Mahadev Temple, Valsad

Tadkeshwar Mahadev Temple is located near Abrama town of Valsad district. This temple is more than 800 years old. This is a temple of Lord Shiva.

Parnera Hill

Parnera Hill is located in Parnera town of Valsad district. It is well known for Shree Maha Kali Mata Temple, Shree Chandika Mata Temple, Shree Swayambhu Mahadev Temple, Chand Pir Baba Dargah, Stepwells, Old Fort of Chhatrapati Shivaji.

Callian Baug

Callian Baug is one of the ancient place of Valsad city. In 1929, Mr. Motilal Callianji presented donation for park to Bulsar Municipality in memory of his father. In 1931, Callian Baug was opened by J.H.Garrett.[16]

Tithal Beach

Tithal Beach is located near Tithal town of Valsad district. The sand of beach is Black sand. Tithal beach is one of the popular tourist attraction of Valsad district and Gujarat. Tithal Beach Festival and International Kite Festival are also organized on the shore of the beach.

Wilson Hill

Wilson Hill is located near Dharampur Tehsil of Valsad district. Wilson Hill was named in memory of Lord Wilson, the Governor of Mumbai from 1923 to 1928, by Vijay Devji, the last King of Dharampur. A monument to their memory remains on the peak.

Lady Wilson Museum, Dharampur

Lady Wilson Museum is located in Dharampur town of Valsad district. It was established in 1928. It is one of the popular tourist attraction of Valsad district.[17]

District Science Centre, Dharampur

District Science Centre is located in Dharampur town of Valsad district. It was established in 1984. It is one of the popular tourist attraction for people of Valsad district and South Gujarat.[18]

Udvada Atash Behram

Udvada Atash Behram is one of the oldest fire temple of the Zoroastrian religion of India. It is located in Udvada town of Valsad district.

Sanjan Stambh

Sanjan Stambh is one of the old memorial of Sanjan town of Valsad district.

Nargol Beach

Nargol Beach is located in Nargol village of Valsad district. It is the most beautiful beach of Valsad distict because of lush palm trees and greenery all around on the beach.[19]

Umbergaon Beach

Umbergaon Beach is located near Umbergaon town of Valsad district. It is the best beach for Peace and Calmness. It is more suitable beach for weekends and meditation.[20]

People from Valsad[edit]

Notable personalities[edit]

Education[edit]

The Government Polytechnic, established in 1965, is one of the prominent institutions in Valsad.[21]

The district also has a Government Engineering College since 2004. In the last few years, a Computer Application stream has also been started successfully.A prime medical college GMERS Medical college with an 800 bed hospital is also set up in the Valsad City.[22]

There are other colleges offering various courses in Science, Commerce and Arts of Valsad district.[23] A new law college will be opened soon.[24]

There are so many GSHSE, ICSE, CBSE based different schools in Valsad distirct..

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f http://www.census2011.co.in/census/district/205-valsad.html
  2. ^ a b "General Information for Valsad, Tourist Place in Valsad, Tourism in Valsad". Indiaonapage.com. 2010-01-23. Retrieved 2010-09-14.
  3. ^ Valsad District Population- Census 2011
  4. ^ http://gujcourts.guj.nic.in/dc_courts.php?x=297
  5. ^ "Valsad District Population, Caste, Religion Data (Gujarat) - Census 2011". Census India.
  6. ^ "Valsad District Panchayat | About District | History". Valsaddp.gujarat.gov.in. 2009-04-25. Retrieved 2010-09-14.
  7. ^ Valsad District Creation
  8. ^ Kaparada Taluka Creation, Valsad
  9. ^ Chief Minister Narendra Modi announced creation of 23 new talukas on the auspicious occasion of Ganesh Chaturthi- 09-09-2013
  10. ^ a b "District Census 2011". Census2011.co.in. 2011. Retrieved 2011-09-30.
  11. ^ US Directorate of Intelligence. "Country Comparison:Population". Retrieved 2011-10-01. Gambia, The 1,797,860 July 2011 est.
  12. ^ "2010 Resident Population Data". U. S. Census Bureau. Retrieved 2011-09-30. Nebraska 1,826,341
  13. ^ http://www.nrigujarati.co.in/Topic/1651/1/bhilad-nandigram-jain-tirth-in-gujarat-bhilad-jain-mandir.html
  14. ^ http://gojainyatra.com/teerth/nandigram-teerth-valsad?t=d
  15. ^ http://www.herenow4u.net/index.php?id=89282
  16. ^ Valsad Tourism
  17. ^ About- Lady Wilson Museum, Dharampur (Dist. Valsad)
  18. ^ About: DISTRICT SCIENCE CENTER, DHARAMPUR
  19. ^ Nargol Beach, Valsad, Gujarat Tourism
  20. ^ Valsad Tourism- Umbergaon Beach
  21. ^ "IndiaStudyChannel.com". IndiaStudyChannel.com. Retrieved 2010-09-14.
  22. ^ "Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel Institute of Technology, Valsad | College in Valsad | Detail Information on Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel Institute of Technology | B.E/B.Tech, MCA, Other College | Contact Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel Institute of Technology". Vyoms.com. Retrieved 2010-09-14.
  23. ^ "CHE | Colleges | Types ofColleges | Grand Aid Colleges | Valsad District". Gujarateducation.gswan.gov.in. 2010-08-20. Retrieved 2010-09-14.
  24. ^ "S.K.M. Law College, Tithal Road, Valsad | College in Valsad | Detail Information on S.K.M. Law College, Tithal Road | Other College | Contact S.K.M. Law College, Tithal Road". Vyoms.com. Retrieved 2010-09-14.

External links[edit]