Vamık Volkan

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search
photo of Vamık Volkan

Vamık D. Volkan, M.D., DFLAPA, FACPsa, (born 1932 in Lefkoşa, Cyprus) is a Turkish Cypriot psychiatrist, internationally known for his 40 years work bringing together conflictual groups for dialogue and mutual understanding.[1] Among his many other honours, he is the president emeritus of International Dialogue Initiative (IDI).


Vamık D. Volkan is an emeritus professor of psychiatry at the University of Virginia, Charlottesville, Virginia and an emeritus training and supervising analyst at the Washington Psychoanalytic Institute, Washington, D.C. During his 39 years at the University of Virginia Volkan was the medical director of the university's Blue Ridge Hospital for eighteen years. A year after his 2002 retirement, he became the Senior Erik Erikson Scholar at the Erikson Institute of the Austen Riggs Center, Stockbridge, Massachusetts, and he has spent three to six months there each year for ten years.

In the early 1980s Volkan was a member and later the chairman of the American Psychiatric Association's Committee on Psychiatry and Foreign Affairs. This committee brought influential Israelis, Egyptians and Palestinians for unofficial negotiations. In 1987, Volkan established the Center for the Study of Mind and Human Interaction (CSMHI) at the School of Medicine, University of Virginia. CSMHI applied a growing theoretical and field-proven base of knowledge to issues such as ethnic tension, racism, large-group identity, terrorism, societal trauma, immigration, mourning, transgenerational transmissions, leader-follower relationships, and other aspects of national and international conflict. The CSMHI's faculty included experts in psychoanalysis, psychiatry, psychology, diplomacy, history, political science, and environmental policy. In 1987 the Soviet Duma signed a contract with the CSMHI to examine existing difficulties between the Soviet Union and United States. Later the CSMHI members worked in the Baltic Republics, Kuwait, Albania, former Yugoslavia, Georgia, South Ossetia, Turkey, Greece, and elsewhere. Volkan founded the CSMHI's journal, Mind & Human Interaction, which examined the relationship between psychoanalysis and history, political science and other fields.

Volkan was a member of the International Negotiation Network (INN) under the directorship of the former president Jimmy Carter (1989–2000) and also a member of the Working Group on Terror and Terrorism, International Psychoanalytic Association. He was a temporary consultant to the World Health Organization (WHO) in Albania and Macedonia. He had the honor to give the keynote address in Cape Town, South Africa in 2006, celebrating Archbishop Desmond Tutu's life of peaceful justice and the 10th anniversary of the Truth and Reconciliation Commission's activities. He also was honored on several occasions by being nominated for the Nobel Peace Prize. Letters of support were sent from 27 countries.

Volkan holds Honorary Doctorate degrees from Kuopio University (now called the University of Eastern Finland), Finland, from Ankara University, Turkey, and the Eastern European Psychoanalytic Institute, Russia. He was a former president of the Turkish-American Neuropsychiatric Society, the International Society of Political Psychology, the Virginia Psychoanalytic Society, and the American College of Psychoanalysts. He was an Inaugural Yitzak Rabin Fellow, Rabin Center for Israeli Studies, Tel Aviv, Israel; a visiting professor of law, Harvard University, Boston, Massachusetts; a visiting professor of political science at the University of Vienna, Vienna, Austria and at Bahceșehir University, Istanbul, Turkey. He worked as a visiting professor of psychiatry at three universities in Turkey. In 2006, he was Fulbright/Sigmund Freud-Privatstiftung Visiting Scholar of Psychoanalysis in Vienna, Austria. In 2015, he became a visiting professor at El Bosque University, Bogota, Colombia.

Among many awards he received are Nevitt Sanford Award, Elise M. Hayman Award, L. Bryce Boyer Award, Margaret Mahler Literature Prize, Hans H. Strupp Award, the American College of Psychoanalysts' Distinguished Officer Award for 2014. He also received the Sigmund Freud Award given by the city of Vienna, Austria, in collaboration with the World Council of Psychotherapy and Mary S. Sigourney Award for 2015. The Sigourney Award was given to him because he was due to his being a seminal contributor "to the application of psychoanalytic thinking to conflicts between countries and cultures," and because "his clinical thinking about the use of object relations theory in primitive mental states has advanced our understanding of severe personality disorders."

Volkan is the author, coauthor, editor or coeditor of over fifty psychoanalytic and psychopolitical books some of which has been translated into Turkish, German, Russian, Spanish, Japanese, Greek and Finnish. He has written hundreds of published papers and book chapters. He has served on the editorial boards of sixteen national or international professional journals, including The Journal of the American Psychoanalytic Association. Volkan was the Guest Editor of the Diamond Jubilee Special Issue of The American Journal of Psychoanalysis, 2015.

Volkan is the president emeritus of the International Dialogue Initiative (IDI) which he established in 2007. The IDI members are unofficial representatives from Iran, Israel, Germany, Russia, Turkey, the United Kingdom, the United States, and the West Bank. They meet twice a year to examine world affairs primarily from a psychopolitical point of view. Volkan continues to lecture nationally and internationally.


Volkan's research focuses on the application of psychoanalytic thinking between countries and cultures, individual and societal mourning, transgenerational transmissions of trauma and the therapeutic approach to primitive mental states. He developed unofficial diplomacy's "Tree Model," described "Linking Objects" and "Linking Phenomena" of perennial mourners, observed "Chosen Traumas" and "Chosen Glories" of societies and theorized the evolution of "Infantile Psychotic Self" in persons whose mental functions remain undeveloped.

Linking objects – which may be actual objects, or actions, or some other form of identification with the dead – serve to tie mourners (often by way of a chance association) to the moment of their actual loss.[2] Volkan's "re-grief therapy", building on the work of Edward Bibring, sought to free pathological mourners by taking them back "to review the circumstances of the death - how it occurred, the patient's reaction to the news and to viewing the body, the events of the funeral, etc.".[3]



  • (1976). Volkan, V. D. Primitive Internalized Object Relations: A Clinical Study of Schizophrenic, Borderline, and Narcissistic Patients
  • (1979). Volkan, V. D. Cyprus: War and Adaptation: A Psychoanalytic History of Two Ethnic Groups in Conflict
  • (1981). Volkan, V. D. Linking Objects and Linking Phenomena
  • (1982). Volkan, V. D. Primitive Internalized Object Relations: A Clinical Study of Schizophrenic, Borderline, and Narcissistic Patients
  • (1984). Volkan, V. D. What Do You Get When You Cross a Dandelion with a Rose?
  • (1985). Volkan, V. D. Depressive States and Their Treatment
  • (1986). Vamik Volkan and Norman Itzkowitz. The Immortal Atatürk: A Psychobiography
  • (1988). Volkan, V. D. The Need to Have Enemies & Allies: From Clinical Practice to International Relationships
  • (1990). Vamik D. Volkan, Demetrios A. Julius, and Joseph V. Montville. The Psychodynamics of International Relationships: Concepts and Theories (Psychodynamics of International Relationships)
  • (1990). Vamik D. Volkan and Charles W. Socarides. The Homosexualities: Reality, Fantasy, and the Arts
  • (1991). Vamik D. Volkan, Demetrios A. Julius, and Joseph V. Montville. The Psychodynamics of International Relationships: Unofficial Diplomacy at Work
  • (1992). Charles W. Socarides and Vamik D. Volkan. The Homosexualities and the Therapeutic Process
  • (1993). Vamik D. Volkan and Elizabeth Zintl. Life After Loss: The Lessons of Grief
  • (1995). Volkan, V. D. Six Steps in the Treatment of Borderline Personality Organization
  • (1995). Volkan, V. D. The Infantile Psychotic Self: Understanding and Treating Schizophrenics and Other Difficult Patients. Northvale, NJ: Jason Aronson.
  • (1996) Vamik D. Volkan and Salman Akhtar. The Seed of Madness: Constitution, Environment, and Fantasy in the Organization of the Psychotic Core
  • (1997) Volkan, V. D. and G. Ast. Siblings in the Unconscious and Psychopathology: Womb Fantasies, Claustrophobias, Fear of Pregnancy, Murderous Rage, Animal Symbolism
  • (1997). Volkan, V. D. Bloodlines: From Ethnic Pride to Ethnic Terrorism. New York: Farrar, Straus, and Giroux.[4]
  • (1999) Vamik D. Volkan, Norman Itzkowitz, Andrew W. Dod. Richard Nixon
  • (2001). Volkan, V. D., G. Ast, and W. F. Greer. Third Reich in the Unconscious: A Study of Transgenerational Transmissions of Shared Trauma and its Consequences for Identity Formation. Philadelphia: Brunner-Routledge.
  • (2002). Volkan, V. D., Ast, Gabriele, and Greer, William. The Third Reich in the Unconscious: Transgenerational Transmission and its Consequences. New York: Bruenner-Routledge.
  • (2002). Volkan, V. D. Kozmik Kahkaha (Cosmic Laughter). Trans. B. Büyükkal. Istanbul: Okuyan Us Yayin.
  • (2003). Varvin, S. and V. D. Volkan (eds.) Violence or Dialogue: Psychoanalytic Insights on Terror and Terrorism. London: International Psychoanalytical Association.
  • (2003). Volkan, V. D. Atlarla Yașıyan Kadın (The Woman who Lived with Horses). Trans. B. Büyükkal. Istanbul: Okuyan Us Yayin.
  • (2004). Volkan, V. D. Das infantile psychotische Selbst und seine weitere Entwicklung (The Infantile Psychotic Self). Göttingen, Germany: Vandenhoeck & Ruprecht.
  • (2004). Volkan, V. D. Blind Trust: Large Groups and Their Leaders in Times of Crisis and Terror
  • (2004) Salman Akhtar and Vamik D. Volkan Mental Zoo: Animals in the Human Mind and Its Pathology
  • (2004). Akhtar, S. and V. D. Volkan (eds.) (2004). Cultural Zoo: Animals in the Human Mind and its Sublimations. Madison, CT: International Universities Press.
  • (2005)Volkan, V. D. and Itzkowitz, N. Atatoypk (Atatürk). Trans. by K. Zervos. Athens: Kostanidis.
  • (2006). Volkan, V. D. Killing in the Name of Identity: A Study of Bloody Conflicts. Pitchstone Publishing. ISBN 0-9728875-7-1
  • (2006). Varvin, S. and V. D. Volkan (eds.) Violenza o Dialogo? Insight psicoanalitico su terrore e terrorism. (Violence or Dialogue: Psychoanalytic Insights on Terror and Terrorism). Rome: Edizioni Borla s.r.
  • (2007). Volkan, V. D. and G. Ast. Özsevinin Dokusu (Spectrum of Narcissism)). Trans. by B. Özbaran and S. Pırıldar. Izmir, Turkey: Halime Odağ Psikoanaliz ve Psikoterapi Vakfı.
  • (2007). Volkan, V. D. Psikoterapide Nesne Ilişkileri (Object Relations in Psychotherapy). Trans. by A. A. Köşkdere. Bursa, Turkey: Terapi Psikiyatri Merkezi.
  • (2008). Carter, J., Irani, G., and V. D. Volkan (eds.) Regional and Ethnic Conflicts: Perspectives from the Front Lines. Upper Saddle River, NJ: Pearson/ Prentice Hall.
  • (2009). Volkan, V. D. with J. C. Fowler. Searching for a Perfect Woman: The Story of a Complete Psychoanalysis. New York: Jason Aronson.
  • (2009). Volkan, V. D. Fanustaki İnsanlar (People in Glass Bubbles). Trans. Serap Erdogan. Istanbul: Everest Yayınevi
  • (2010). Volkan, V. D. and N. Itzkowitz (2010). Atatürk/Anatürk: Mustafa Kemal'in Yaşamı, İç Dünyası, Yeni Türk Kimliğinin Yaratılışı ve Bugünkü Türkiye'deki Kimlik Sorunları (Father Turk/MotherTurk: The Life of Mustafa Kemal, His Internal World, the Creation of the New Turkish Identity and Identity Questions in Today's Turkey). Istanbul: Alfa Yayınları.
  • (2010). Volkan, V. D. and N. Atabey. Osmanlı'nın Yasından Atatürk'un Türkiye'sine: Onarıcı Liderlik ve Politik Psikoloji (From Mourning the Ottomans to Atatürk's Turkey: Reparative Leadership and Political Psychology). Ankara, Turkey: Kripto.
  • (2010). Volkan, V. D. Divanda Kılıç Dövüșü (Sword fight on the Couch). Trans. B. Büyükkal. Istanbul, Turkey: Istanbul Bilgi Universitesi Yayınları.
  • (2010). Volkan, V. D. Hevosnainen: Psychoanalyyttinen tapausselostus (A Women who Lived with Horses) Helsinki: Therapeia-säätio.
  • (2011). Volkan, V. D. Psychoanalytic Technique Expanded: A Textbook on Psychoanalytic Treatment. Istanbul/London: Oa Press.
  • (2012). Volkan, V. D. Die Erweiterung der psycho-analytischen Behandlungstechnik: bei neurotischen, traumatisierten, narzisstischen und Borderline-Personlichkeiitsorganisationen. Trans. G. Ast. Giessen, Germany: Psychosozial-Verlag.
  • (2013)Volkan, V. D. Divandaki Dusmanlar: Bir Turk Psikoanalistin Politik Psikoloji Seruveni, Tercuman: Serap Erdogan Taycan. Istanbul: Alfa yayinevi.
  • (2013). Volkan, V. D. Psicologia de las Sociedades en Conflicto: diplomacia, relaciones internacionales y psicoanálisis. Libro de Consulta Sobre la Psicologia de los Grupos Grandes.
  • (2013). Volkan, V. D. Enemies on the Couch: A Psychopolitical Jopurney Through War and Peace. Durham, N. C.: Pitchstone Publishing.
  • (2014). Volkan, V. D. Animal Killer: Transmission of War Trauma from one Generation to the Next. London: Karnac.
  • (2014). Volkan, V. D. Hayvan Katili. Istanbul: Okuyan Us.
  • (2014). Volkan, V.D. Psychoanalysis, International Relations, and Diplomacy:A Sourcebook on Large-Group Psychology. London: Karnac.
  • (2015). Volkan, V. D. Would-Be Wife Killer: A Clinical Study of Primitive Mental Functions, Actualized Unconscious Fantasies, Satellite States, and Developmental Steps. London: Karnac.
  • (2015). Volkan, V. D. A Nazi Legacy: A Study of Depositing, Transgenerational Transmission, Dissociation and Remembering Through Action. London: Karnac.
  • (2017). Volkan, V. D. Immigrants and Refugees: Trauma, Perennial Mourning, and Border Psychology. London: Karnac.
  • (2017) Suistola, J and Volkan, V. D. Religious Knives: Historical and Psychological Dimensions of International Terrorism. Durham, N. C.: Pitchstone
  • (2019) Volkan, V. D.A Study of Ghosts in the Human Psyche: Story of a Muslim Armenian. London: Phoenix Publishing.
  • (2020) Volkan, V. D. (2020). Large-Group psychology: Racism, Who are we now? Societal Divisions and Narcissistic Leaders. London: Phoenix Publishing.
  • (2020) Hamburger, A., Volkan, V. D., & Hancheva, C. (Editors). Social Trauma: An Interdisciplinary Textbook. London: Springer.

Articles (Selected)[edit]

  • (1965). Volkan, V. D. The Observation of the "Little Man" Phenomenon in a case of anorexia nervosa. British Journal of Medical Psychology, 38:299-311.
  • (1968). Volkan, V. D. The Introjection of and identification with the therapist as an ego-building aspect in the treatment of schizophrenia. British Journal of Medical Psychology, 41:369-380.
  • (1972) Volkan, Vamik, 'The Linking Objects of Pathological Mourners', Archives of General Psychiatry 27, pp 215–21
  • Suicide Bombers (CSMHI, University of Virginia School of Medicine)
  • (1972). Volkan, V. D. The birds of Cyprus. American Journal of Psychotherapy, 26:378-383.
  • (1980).Volkan, V. D. Narcissistic personality organization and "reparative" leadership. International Journal of Group Psychotherapy, 30:131-152.
  • (1984). Volkan, V. D. A Message from the President. Political Psychology, 5:3-4. (1985). Volkan, V. D. The need to have enemies and allies: A Developmental Approach. Political Psychology, 2:219-247.
  • (1987). Volkan, V. D. Psychological concepts useful in the building of political foundations between nations (Track II diplomacy.) Journal of the American Psychoanalytic Association, 35:903-935.
  • (2000). Volkan, V. D. Wenn Feinde Redden: Psychoanalytische Erkenntnisse Aus Arabish-Israelishen Gesprachen, In Korruption, Reziprozitat und Recht, eds. R. Jacob & W. Fikentscher, 85–97. Bern: Stampfli Verlag.
  • (2000). Volkan, V. D. Borderline-Psychopathologie und Internationale Beziehungen. In Handbuch der Borderline-Storungen, eds O. F. Kernberg, B. Dulz & U. Sachsse, pp. 819–828. Stuttgart: F.K. Schattauer.
  • (2001). Volkan, V. D. Slike Neprijatelja–Male Razlike i Dehumanizacija (Enemy Images: Minor Differences and Dehumanization.) In Psihoanaliza i Rat (Psychoanalysis and War), eds Ž. Martinović & M. Martinović, pp. 113–123. Belgrade: Norveško Lekarsko Društvo.
  • (2001). Volkan, V. D. Getraumatiseerde Samenlevingen en Psychologische Zorg. In Over een Grens: Psychotherapie met Adolescenten, eds C.J.A. Roosen, A. Savenjie, A. Kolman & R. Beunderman, pp. 3–19. Assen, Netherlands: Koninklijke Van Gorcum. N.
  • (2002). Volkan, V. D. Vorwort: In Identitatsverlust—Migration und Verfolgung, Migration und Verfolgung Psychoanalytishce Perspektiven, 13–36. Giessen: Psychosozial-Verlag.
  • (2002). Volkan, V. D. Ethnopsychoanaytische Aspecte der Menschichen Identitat. In Entgrenzung, Spaltung, Integration, eds G. Schlesinger-Kipp & R-P Warsitz pp. 39–56. Bad Hamburg: Geber und Reusch.
  • (2003). Volkan, V. D. In Die Innere Welt des Fundamentalisten/Terroristen: Die "Ausbildung" Mittelostlicsher Selbtmordattentater, eds T. Auchter, C. Buttner, U. Schultz-Venrath & H-J Wirth, pp. 259–265. Giessen: Psychosozial-Verlag.
  • (2003). Volkan, V. D. Generationenubergreifende Weitergabe Gewahlter Traumata: In Ein Aspeckt von Grossgruppenidentitat, pp. 225–248. Heidelberg: Carl-Auer-Systeme Verlag.
  • (2005). Volkan, V. D. Psychoanalyse in internationale Beiehungen und internationale Beziehungen in der Psychoanalyse. In WIR: Psychotheraputen uber sich und ihren "unmoglichen" Beruf, eds. O. F. Kernberg, B. Dulz and J. Eckert, pp. 545–562. Stuttgart, Germany: Schattauer.
  • (2006). Volkan, V. D. Aufgeklärte Beschneidung. Die Psychoanalyse erreicht in der Türkei nur jene, in deren Alltag die Religion keine Rolle spielt – die Tradition aber sehr wohl. Die Zeit, 18 Mai, 38.
  • (2006). Volkan, V. D. Grossgruppen und ihre politischen Fürer mit narzisstischer Personlichkeitsorganisation. In Narzissmus: Grunlagen-Stőrungsbilder –Therapie, eds. O. F. Kernberg & H-P. Hartmann, pp. 205–227. Stuttgart, Germany: Schattauer.
  • (2006). Volkan, V. D. Large-group identity, large-group regression and massive violence. Group-Analytic Contexts, 30:8-26.
  • (2006). Volkan, V. D. Large-group psychodynamics and massive violence. Matrix: Nordisk Tidsskrift for Psykoterapi, 23:95-114. (Norway)
  • (2006). Volkan, V. D. Psikodinâmica da violência de grandes grupas e da violência de massas (Large-group psychodynamics and massive violence). Ciência & Saúde Coletiva, 11:303- 314.
  • (2006). Volkan, V. D. Slobodan Milošević and the Serbian chosen trauma. Clio's Psyche, 13: 1, 19–22.
  • (2006). Volkan, V. D. What some monuments tell us about mourning and forgiveness. In Taking Wrongs Seriously: Apologies and Reconciliation, eds. E. Barkan & A. Karn, pp. 115–131. Stanford, CA: Stanford University Press.
  • (2006). Volkan, V. D. & Kayatekin, S. Extreme religious fundamentalism and violence: Some psychoanalytic and psychopolitical thoughts. Psyche & Geloof: 17:71-91, Holland.
  • (2006). Volkan, V. D., & Kayatekin, S. Extreme religious fundamentalism and violence: Some psychoanalytic and psychopolitical thoughts. In Social Dynamics of Global Terrorism and Preventive Policies, pp. 254–286. Ankara, Turkey: Sosyoloji Derneği.
  • (2007). Volkan, V. D. Şizofrenin oluşumu üzerine yazışlar 1: Infantil psikotik kendilik ve şizofrenin oluşumu (Essays on the development of schizophrenia 1: Infantile psychotic self and the development of schizophrenia). Trans. by A. A. Köşkdere. In Psikoanaliz ve Sinirbilim, ed. M. Özmen. Istanbul, Turkey: Turgut.
  • (2007). Volkan, V. D. Le trauma massif: l'idélogie politique du droit et de la violence. Revue Française de Psychoanalyse, 4: 1041- 1059. (France)
  • (2007). Volkan, V. D. On Kemal Atatürk's psychoanalytic Biography. International Journal of Turkish Studies, Fall: 229-241
  • (2007). Volkan, V. D. De Waco al Valle de Bamian: regresión y fundemantelismo religioso. In Estudios Clínicos Sobre Sectas, ed. M. Perlado. Barcelona, Spain: AIS.
  • (2007). Volkan, V. D. & Greer, W. F. Sukupolvien perintö: sukupolvien psykologiset taakat. In Vieraiden ääniä: Suomen nuorisopsykiatrisen yhdistyksen 30-vuotisjuhlakirja, eds. Irja Kantanen and Veikko Aalberg. Helsinki, Finland: Suomen Nuorisopsykiatrinen Yhdistys Ry.
  • (2008).Volkan, V. D On Kemal Atatűrk's psychoanalytic biography. In Identity and Identity Formation in the Ottoman World: A Volume of Essays in Honor of Norman Itzkowitz, eds. B. Tezcan & K. K. Babir. Madison: University of Wisconsin Press.
  • (2008).Volkan, V. D. Kayba tutunup kalmak: Kronik yas tutan bireylerden hak iddiasinda bulunan ideojilere tutunan toplumlara (Fixation in mourning: From individuals suffering from perennial mourning to societies with entitlement ideologies). In Psikoanalitik Bakışlar III: Kayıp Nesne (Psychoanalytic Persepectives III: Lost Object), ed. N. Erdem, pp. 73–91. Istanbul, Turkey: PPPD Yayıınları.
  • (2008).Volkan, V. D. Trauma, identity and search for a solution in Cyprus. Insight Turkey, 10: 95-110.
  • (2008).Volkan, V. D. Traumas masivos causados por los "otros": Problemas de identitad en grandes grupos, transmisión generacional, "traumas elegidos" y sus consecuencias (Massive Traumas at the hand of "Others": Large-group identity issues, transgenerational transmissions, "chosen traumas" and their consequences). In Los Laberintos de la Violencia, ed. L. G. Fioroni, pp. 153–172. Buenos Aires: Lugar Editorial.
  • (2008).Volkan, V. D. Identità, large group e trauma scelto: dalla rimozione degli ostacoli alla collaborazione tra psicoanalisi e diplomazla. Quaderni de gli argonauti, 8: 65-76.
  • (2009).Volkan, V. D. Las identidades individual y de grupo grande; el trabajo con pacientes límite (Bordeline) Nos ensańa algo sobre negociaciones internatioonales? Revista de Psicoterapia Analítica Grupal, Seperata, 5: 3-35.
  • (2009).Volkan, V. D. Large-group identity: "Us and them" polarizations in the international arena. Psychoanalysis, Culture and Society, 14: 4-15.
  • (2009).Volkan, V. D. The next chapter: Consequences of societal trauma. In Memory, Narrative and Forgiveness: Perspectives of the Unfinished Journeys of the Past, eds. P. Gobodo-Madikizela & C. van der Merve, pp. 1–26. Cambridge: Cambridge Scholars Publishing.
  • (2009).Volkan, V. D. Religious fundamentalism and violence. In On Freud's Illusion, eds. M. K. O'Neil & S. Akhtar, pp. 123–141. London: Karnac.
  • (2009). Volkan, V. D. Some psychoanalytic views on leaders with narcissistic personality organization and their roles in large-group processes. In Leadership in a Changing World: Dynamic Perspectives on Groups and Their Leaders, eds. R. H. Klein, C. A. Rice &V. L. Schermer. pp. 67–89. New York: Lexington.
  • (2009).Volkan, V. D. Kürt sorununun çözüm modeli (A model for resolving the Kurdish question). In Sürec: Kürt Sorununda 29 Temmuz Sonrası Tartıșmalar (The Process: Discussions on the Kurdish Question After July 29), ed. D. Sevimay, pp. 156–162. Istanbul, Turkey: Özgür Yayınları.
  • (2009). Volkan, V.D. & Fowler, J. C. Large-group narcissism and political leaders with narcissistic personality organization. Psychiatric Annals, 39: 214-222.
  • (2010).Volkan, V. D. President's notes. American College of Psychoanalysts Newsletter. Spring Issue: 1-2.
  • (2010).Volkan, V. D.İntihar bombacıları (Suicide bombers). Akademik Orta Doğu, Vol 4- Number 2: 1-8.
  • (2010).Volkan, V. D. Psychoanalytic considerations on large-group psychology. American College of Psychoanalysts Newsletter. Spring Issue: 4-6.
  • (2010).Volkan, V. D. Individual and large-group identities: Does working with borderline patients teach us anything about international negotiations? In The Psychoanalytic Therapy of Severe Disturbance: Psychoanalytic Ideas, ed. P. Williams, pp. 185–221. London: Karnac.
  • (2010).Volkan, V. D. Büyük grup kimliği ve șiddet. (Large-group identity and violence) In Terorün Sosyal Psikolojisi, eds. M. Sever, H. Cinoğlu & O. Bașıbüyük, pp. 17–24. Ankara, Turkey: Polis Akademisi Yayınları.
  • (2010).Volkan, V. D. Foreword. In Revenge or Restoration by T. Böhm & S. Kaplan. London: Karnac.
  • (2010).Volkan, V. D. Psychoanalysis and international relationships: Large-group identity, traumas at the hand of "others," and transgenerational transmission of trauma. In Psychoanalytic Perspectives on a Turbulent World, eds. H. Brunning & M. Perini, pp. 41–62. London: Karnac.
  • (2010). El trauma masivo causado por el enemigo: su influencia en la identidad del grupo grande y sus consecuencias políticas y socials. Átopos, 9: 7-18.
  • (2010).Volkan, V. D. Further notes on psychoanalytic considerations on large-group psychology. American College of Psychoanalysts Newsletter. Fall Issue: 4-7.
  • (2010).Volkan, V. D. Vamik Volkanin muistelo. (Vamık Volkan's memories) In Turun Psykoterapiayhdistys Ry 40 vuotta: Historiikki, pp. 32–34. Turku, Finland.
  • (2011)Volkan, V. D. Vamık Volkan's speech. In Building Cultures of Peace, eds. J. Höck, A. Begert, M. Kappmeier & A. Redlich, pp. 28–42. Frankfurt, Germany: Peter Lang.
  • (2011). Volkan, V. D. Die Identität von Individuen von Großgruppen – was können wir aus der Arbeit mit Borderline-Patienten über internationale Verhandlungen lernen? Trans. C. Campisi, In Handbuch der Borderline-Störungen, eds. B. Dulz, S. C. Herpertz, O. F. Kernberg & U. Sachsse, pp. 235–250. Stuttgart, Germany: Schattauer.
  • (2011). The psychology of politics. Refugee Transitions, 25:37-43, Australia.
  • (2011).Volkan, V. D. Psychoanalysis, Turkey and the IPA. In 100 Years of the IPA: The Centenary History of the International Psychoanalytic Association- Evolution and Change, eds. P. Loewenberg & N. L. Thomson, pp. 419–434. London: Karnac.
  • (2012).Volkan, V. D. The intertwining of the internal and external wars. In Lost in Transmission: Studies of Trauma Across Generations, ed. G. Fromm, pp. 75–97. London: Karnac.
  • (2012). Volkan, V. D. & Fowler, J. C. Large-scale voter behavior. International Journal of Group Psychotherapy, 62: 121-128.
  • (2012).Volkan, V. D. Some thoughts on political psychology. In New World Order, Arab Spring and Turkey, eds. B S. Çevik-Ersaydı & B. S. Baskak, pp. 21–28. Ankara, Turkey: Ankara University Press.
  • (2012). Volkan, V. D. Politik psikoloji üzerine bir değerlendirme. In Yeni Dünya Düzeni, Arap Baharı ve Türkiye, eds. B. S. Çevik-Ersaydı and B. Baskak, pp. 19–26. Ankara: Ankara University Press.
  • (2012) Volkan, V. D. Zypern auf der Couch: Konfliktbewältigung mit dem Psychiater Dr. Vamık D. Volkan by Rebecca Donauer. ARTE Journal, June 6.
  • (2013)Volkan, V. D. Geniș grup kimliği ve barıș sağlama üzerine bazı düșünceler (Large-group identity and some thoughts on finding peaceful solutions). 21. Yüzyilda Sosyal Bilimler, 2: 9-36.
  • (2013)Volkan, V. D. My psychopolitical journey. The American Psychoanalyst, 47:2, pp. 9, 29–30.
  • (2013)Volkan, V. D. Large-Group-Psychology in Its Own Right: Large-Group Identity and Peace-making. International Journal of Applied Psychoanalytic Studies 10: 210–246.
  • (2013)Volkan, V. D. La identidad del grupo grande y el prejuicio compartido. Teoría y Práctica Groupoanalítica, 3 (Number 1): 29-44.
  • (2014)Volkan, V. D Father quest and linking objects: A story of the American World War II Orphans Network (AWON) and Palestinian orphans. In Healing in the Wake of Parental Loss: Clinical Applications and Therapeutic Strategies, eds. P. Cohen, M. Sossin & R. Ruth, pp. 283–300. New York: Jason Aronson.
  • (2014)Volkan, V. D. Massive Trauma at the Hand of the Enemy, its influence on large-group identity and Its Societal and Political Consequences. ÁTOPOS magazine, Spain.
  • (2014)Volkan, V. D. Foreword. In War Is Not Inevitable: "Why War" Revisited by H. Parens, pp. 1–13. Lantham, MD: Lexington Books.
  • (2014)Volkan, V. D. Psychoanalytic thoughts on international affairs. In Agrafa: Časopis za Filozofiju-Year II/3: Rat i Destrukcija (War and Destruction). Ed. S. Damnjanović pp. 8–28. Novi Sad, Serbia.
  • (2014)Volkan, V. D. İkame çocukların psikolojisi ve Atatürk'ün yaratıcılığının temelindeki güdüleme (Psychology of replacement children and a main factor in Atatürk's creativity. In Kardeşi Anlatmak (On Siblings), ed. N. K. Bilen, pp. 37–52. Istanbul: Bilgi University Press.
  • (2015)Volkan, V. D. International Relations and psychoanalysis. In Hostile and Malignant Prejudice: Psychoanalytic Approaches, ed. C. Levitt, pp. 57–83. London: Karnac.
  • (2015)Volkan, V. D. Büyük Grup Kimliği ve Barışı Sağlama. In Siyaset Psikolojisi, Volume 1. Ed. O. D. Gümüş, pp. 91–108. Ankara, Turkey: Nobel.
  • (2015)Volkan, V. D. Leer verschil te maken tussen realistische gevaren en ingebeelde angsten. In Biopolitiek: in de greep van angst. Christen Democratische Verkenningen, pp. 130–131.
  • (2015)Volkan, V. D. (Book Review) Roots of the Arab Spring: Contested Authority and Political Change in the Middle East by Dafna Hochman Rand. Political Psychology, 36: 603-605.
  • (2015)Volkan, V. D. Großgruppenidentität, schweres Trauma und seine gesellschftchen und politischen Kosequenzen. In Identitäten, eds. Susanne Walz-Pawlita, Beate Unruh and Bernard Janta, pp. 111–130. Giessen: Psychosozial-Verlag.
  • (2015)Volkan, V. D. Not only Hitler was thinking of the new Turkey. Turkish Review, 5: 247-253.
  • (2015) Volkan, V. D. Introduction: The Intertwining of External and Internal Events in the Changing World. In. V. D. Volkan (Guest Editor). Diamond Jubilee Special Issue- The American Journal of Psychoanalysis, 75: 353-360.
  • (2016)Volkan, V. D. A Psychoanalytic Witness: Observations from North Carolina to Virginia. In The Key to the Door: Experiences of the Early African-American Graduates of the University of Virginia. Eds. M. Apprey and Shelli Poe. Charlottesville, VA: University of Virginia Press.
  • (2016)Volkan, V. D. Large-Group Identity and Massive Trauma. In Psychoanalysis, Trauma, and Community: History and Contemporary Reappraisals, eds. Elizabeth Goren & Judie Alpert. New York: Routledge.
  • (2016)Volkan, V. D., Guns and Violence in the International Arena. International Journal of Applied Psychoanalytic Studies, 13: 102-112.
  • (2017)Volkan, V. D. From Earthquakes to ethnic cleansing: Societal responses to massive traumas. In Trauma, Trust, and Memory – Social Trauma and Reconciliation in Psychoanalysis, Psychotherapy and Cultural Memory. A. Hamburger & D. Laub. London: Karnac.
  • (2018)Volkan, V. D., Mourning, large-group identity, and the refugee experience. In An Uncertain Safety: Integrative Health Care for the 21st Century Refugees. Eds. T. Wenzel and B. Drozdek, pp. 23-35. New York: Springer. Volkan, V. D. (2018). Refugees as the Other: Large-group identity, terrorism and border psychology. Group Analysis, 51: 343-358.
  • (2018)Volkan, V. D., Refugees as the Other: Large-group identity, terrorism and border psychology. Group Analysis, 51: 343-358.
  • Volkan, V. D. (2019). Large-group identity, who are we now? leader-follower relationship and societal-political divisions. The American Journal of Psychoanalysis, 79: 139–155.
  • Volkan, V. D. (2019). Large-group psychodynamics and massive violence. In Introduction to Conflict Resolution: Discourses and Dynamics, eds. S. Cobb, S. Federman & A. Castel, pp.341-358. New York: Rowman & Littlefield.
  • Volkan, V. D. (2019). A non-Jewish view. In: The Handbook of Psychoanalytic Holocaust Studies: International Perspectives, ed. I. Brenner, pp. 25-31, New York: Routledge.

See also[edit]


  1. ^ About Vamik Volkan
  2. ^ Darian Leader, The New Black (Penguin 2009) p. 51 and p. 204-5
  3. ^ Volkan, quoted in Joan Didion, The Year of Magical Thinking (London 2005) p. 55
  4. ^ "Peaceful Pretenders". The New York Times. November 9, 1997. Retrieved June 29, 2010.

External links[edit]