Van (electoral district)

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Van
electoral district
for the Grand National Assembly of Turkey
Van highlighted in red on a beige political map of Turkeym
Van shown within Turkey
ProvinceVan
Electorate547,016
Current electoral district
Created1920
Seats8
MPs
Turnout at last election80.49%
HDP
7 / 8
AK Party
1 / 8

Van is an electoral district of the Grand National Assembly of Turkey. It elects eight members of parliament (deputies) to represent the province of the same name for a four-year term by the D'Hondt method, a party-list proportional representation system.

Members[edit]

Population reviews of each electoral district are conducted before each general election, which can lead to certain districts being granted a smaller or greater number of parliamentary seats. Van's seat allocation has gradually increased over the last sixty years, from three seats in 1957 to eight seats today.

There are currently eight sitting members of parliament representing Van, one of which is from the governing party. Van was a district where the pro-Kurdish Peace and Democracy Party (BDP) ran independent candidates in an attempt to overcome the 10 percent national electoral threshold. Four independent candidates were elected here in 2011; two have since joined the BDP.

MPs for Van since 1999
Seat 1999 (21st parliament) 2002 (22nd parliament) 2007 (23rd parliament) 2011 (24th parliament) June 2015 (25th parliament)
MP Hüseyin Çelik
DYP
Hüseyin Çelik
AK Party
Burhan Kayatürk
AK Party
MP Fetullah Gültepe
DYP
Cüneyt Karabıyık
AK Party
Gülşen Orhan
AK Party
Figen Yüksekdağ Şenoğlu
HDP
MP Fethullah Erbaş
FP
Hacı Biner
AK Party
İkram Dinçer
AK Party
Fatih Çiftçi
AK Party
Yurdusev Özsökmenler
HDP
MP Maliki Ejder Arvas
FP
Maliki Ejder Arvas
AK Party
Kerem Altun
AK Party
Mustafa Bilicir
AK Party
Adem Özcaner
HDP
MP Mustafa Bayram
FP
Asuman Yekta Haydaroğlu
AK Party
Kayhan Türkmenoğlu
AK Party
Kemal Aktaş
Independent
Tuğba Hezer
HDP
MP Kamran İnan
Anavatan
Halil Kaya
AK Party
Fatma Kurtulan
Independent
Aysel Tuğluk
Independent
Selami Özyaşar
HDP
MP Ayhan Çevik
MHP
Mehmet Kartal
CHP
Özdal Üçer[1]
Independent (DTP/BDP)
Remzi Özgökçe
HDP
MP No seat Nazmi Gür[2]
Independent (BDP)
Lezgin Botan
HDP

General elections[edit]

2018[edit]

Electorate Ballot boxes
653.678 2.049
Abbr. Party Votes %
HDP Peoples' Democratic Party 313.010 59.32
AKP Justice and Development Party 167.647 31.77
MHP Nationalist Movement Party 16.240 3.08
CHP Republican People's Party 13.910 2.64
IYIPARTI Good Party 6.717 1.27
HÜDA-PAR Free Cause Party 4.773 0.90
SP Felicity Party 4.209 0.80
VATAN Patriotic Party 850 0.16
Independent 314 0.06
Total 527.670
Invalid / blank 17.930
Turnout 83.47
source: HT

2011[edit]

Elected candidates in bold

2011 Turkish general election: Van[3]
List Candidates Votes % ±
AK Party Burhan Kayatürk, Fatih Çiftçi, Mustafa Bilici, Gülşen Orhan
Zahir Soğanda, Abdulahat Arvas, Necat Görentaş, Hasan Karadaş
171,665 40.26
Independent Kemal Aktaş 65,447 15.35
Independent Özdal Üçer 51,357 12.04
Independent Aysel Tuğluk 49.339 11.57
Independent Nazmi Gür 41,212 9.67
CHP Zahir Kandaşoğlu, Mehmet Acar, Abdulbari Melek, Selim Karakuş, Sabriye Çabuker, Şahin Efendioğlu, Nurettin Erörs, Niyazi Çınak 15,945 3.74
MHP Mustafa Kaçmaz, Ahmet Erbaş, Ümit Akdağ, Mustafa Alkoç, Ali Özturan, Turgent Lenk, Yüksel Hanalap, Mehmet Emin İnce 12,734 2.99
BBP None elected 5306 1.24
Other independents Mustafa Sancak, Muhammed Ferhat Kesmez, İdris Ahi, Süleyman Bayram 3974 0.93
Felicity None elected 1856 0.44
HAS Party None elected 1,734 0.41 N/A
Democrat None elected 1706 0.4
TKP None elected 1549 0.36
DSP None elected 1257 0.29 [4]
Liberal Democrat None elected 482 0.11
Nationalist Conservative None elected 465 0.11
Nation None elected 345 0.08
DYP None elected 18 0
HEPAR None elected 11 0
Labour None elected 0
Turnout 222,977 91.55

Presidential elections[edit]

2014[edit]

Presidential Election 2014: Van[5]
Party Candidate Votes %
HDP Selahattin Demirtaş 223,277 54.55
AK Party Recep Tayyip Erdoğan 174,369 42.60
Independent Ekmeleddin İhsanoğlu 11,685 2.85
Total votes 409,331 100.00
Rejected ballots 7,564 1.81
Turnout 416,895 71.89
Selahattin Demirtaş win

References[edit]

  1. ^ Ran in 2007 as an independent candidate and joined the DTP afted being elected. Switched to the BDP after the DTP's closure. Ran as an independent candidate again in 2011 and rejointed the BDP afted being elected.
  2. ^ Ran in 2011 as an independent candidate and joined the BDP afted being elected.
  3. ^ [1] Hürriyet
  4. ^ DSP in 2011 is compared to CHP in 2007, under whose list it ran that year
  5. ^ http://www.ysk.gov.tr/ysk/docs/2011MilletvekiliSecimi/KesinSonuclar/igdir.pdf

Coordinates: 38°24′N 43°43′E / 38.400°N 43.717°E / 38.400; 43.717