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|Founder||Henri van Abbe|
The Van Abbemuseum (Dutch pronunciation: [vɑn ˈɑbəmyˌzeːjɵm]) is a museum of modern and contemporary art in central Eindhoven, Netherlands, on the east bank of the Dommel River. Established in 1936, the museum is named after its founder, Henri van Abbe, who loved modern art and wanted to enjoy it in Eindhoven. As of 2010, the collection of the museum housed more than 2700 works of art, of which about 1000 were on paper, 700 were paintings, and 1000 were sculptures, installations and video works.
The museum's original collection was bought by the Eindhoven city council in 1934 in an agreement with Henri van Abbe, a private collector and local cigar manufacturer. In return for buying some of his collection, the Van Abbe factory paid for and donated the museum building, which opened in 1936. The city had architect Alexander Kropholler design a building that is a symmetrical suite of galleries in the traditionalist style. The museum name was given in publications as "Stedelijk Van Abbemuseum" until approximately 1990 and as "Van Abbemuseum" after that time.
As the building had become far too small for modern demands, a new extension to the building, including a 27-metre-high (89 ft) tower, was designed by Abel Cahen; it was inaugurated in 2003 by queen Beatrix.
The original collection contained works by Jan Sluijters, Carel Willink and Isaac Israëls amongst others, mostly Dutch and Belgian contemporary works. The museum also bought other artworks from founder Henri van Abbe before his death in 1940.
The collection developed most under the directorships of Edy de Wilde and Rudi Fuchs. While De Wilde bought the classical modernist works by Picasso etc., Fuchs bought works from artists of his own generation, in particular conceptual work from the US and German painting.
The current director, Charles Esche has pursued a more geographically diverse collecting policy concentrating on works from central and eastern Europe including Nedko Solakov, Mladen Stilinovic, Wilhelm Sasnal, Artur Zmijewski as well as video works by Israeli artist Yael Bartana.
More recent acquisitions include pieces by Pablo Picasso, Wassily Kandinsky and Piet Mondrian. The museum is also internationally renowned for having one of the largest collections of works by El Lissitzky.
The museum had 96,750 visitors in 2011 and 98,100 visitors in 2012.
Entrance of old buildings to new buildings, Rädecker John.
- "Meer bezoekers voor Van Abbemuseum in Eindhoven" (in Dutch), Eindhovens Dagblad, 2012. Retrieved 17 January 2016.
- Home, Van Abbemuseum. Retrieved 17 January 2016.
- "Achterkleinzoon Albert van Abbe over kunst en het museum" (in Dutch), Eindhovens Dagblad, 2011. Retrieved 17 January 2016.
- "Directeur van Tate bovenaan Power 100 2014" (in Dutch), Kunstbeeld, 2014. Retrieved 17 January 2016.
- Based on search of Library of Congress catalog, September 17, 2015.
- "Stedelijk Exhibitions". Retrieved 17 November 2018.