Van Abbemuseum

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Van Abbemuseum
Red brick building with a central tower
Entrance in the old wing of the museum
Van Abbemuseum is located in North Brabant
Van Abbemuseum
Location Bilderdijklaan 10[1]
Eindhoven, Netherlands
Coordinates 51°26′5″N 5°28′56″E / 51.43472°N 5.48222°E / 51.43472; 5.48222Coordinates: 51°26′5″N 5°28′56″E / 51.43472°N 5.48222°E / 51.43472; 5.48222
Type Art museum[2]
Visitors 98,100 (2012)[2]
Founder Henri van Abbe[3]
Director Charles Esche[4]
Website www.vanabbemuseum.nl

Van Abbemuseum (Dutch pronunciation: [vɑn ˈɑbəmyˌzeːjɵm]) is a museum of modern and contemporary art located in central Eindhoven, Netherlands, on the east bank of the Dommel river. Established in 1936, the Abbe Museum is named after its founder, Henri van Abbe. Van Abbe was a lover of modern art and wanted to enjoy it there from Eindhoven. As of 2010, the collection of the museum houses more than 2700 works of art, of which about 1000 are on paper, are 700 paintings, and 1000 are sculptures, installations and video work.

With an area of 9,825 m2, monument number 507030, the museum holds one of the largest collections of paintings in the world by El Lissitzky. It also has works by Pablo Picasso and Wassily Kandinsky.

History[edit]

The museum's original collection was bought by Eindhoven city council in 1934 in an agreement with Henri van Abbe, a private collector and local cigar manufacturer. In return for buying some of his collection, the Van Abbe factory paid for and donated the museum building to house the collection which opened in 1936. The city had architect Alexander Kropholler design a building which is a symmetrical suite of galleries in traditionalist style. The museum name was given on publications as "Stedelijk Van Abbemuseum" up until about 1990 and as "Van Abbemuseum" after that time.[5]

The new extension. View to the southeast, with the City Hall (background right).

As the building had become far too small for modern demands, a new extension to the building, including a 27 metre high tower, was designed by Abel Cahen; it was inaugurated in 2003 by Queen Beatrix.

Collection[edit]

The original collection contained works by Jan Sluijters, Carel Willink and Isaac Israëls amongst others, mostly Dutch and Belgian contemporary works. The museum also bought other artworks from founder Henri van Abbe before his death in 1940.

The collection developed most under the directorships of Edy de Wilde and Rudi Fuchs. While De Wilde bought the classical modernist works by Picasso etc., Fuchs bought works from artists of his own generation, in particular conceptual work from the USA and German painting.

The current director, Charles Esche has pursued a more geographically diverse collecting policy concentrating on works from central and eastern Europe including Nedko Solakov, Mladen Stilinovic, Wilhelm Sasnal, Artur Zmijewski as well as video works by Israeli artist Yael Bartana.

More recent acquisitions include pieces by Pablo Picasso, Wassily Kandinsky and Piet Mondrian. The museum is also internationally renowned for having one of the largest collections of works by El Lissitzky.

The Van Abbemuseum also houses the collection of posters made by the Situationist Jacqueline de Jong in Paris during May 1968.

Administration[edit]

Charles Esche is the director of the Van Abbemuseum.[4]

The museum had 96,750 visitors in 2011 and 98,100 visitors in 2012.[2]

Gallery[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Home, Van Abbemuseum. Retrieved 17 January 2016.
  2. ^ a b c "Meer bezoekers voor Van Abbemuseum in Eindhoven" (in Dutch), Eindhovens Dagblad, 2012. Retrieved 17 January 2016.
  3. ^ "Achterkleinzoon Albert van Abbe over kunst en het museum" (in Dutch), Eindhovens Dagblad, 2011. Retrieved 17 January 2016.
  4. ^ a b "Directeur van Tate bovenaan Power 100 2014" (in Dutch), Kunstbeeld, 2014. Retrieved 17 January 2016.
  5. ^ Based on search of Library of Congress catalog, September 17, 2015.

External links[edit]