Van Buren, Arkansas
|City of Van Buren|
|Township(s)||Dora, Van Buren|
|Incorporated||January 4, 1845|
|Named for||Martin Van Buren|
|• Mayor||Joe Hurst (I)|
|• City||16.10 sq mi (41.70 km2)|
|• Land||15.42 sq mi (39.94 km2)|
|• Water||0.68 sq mi (1.76 km2)|
|Elevation||650 ft (200 m)|
|• Density||1,505.61/sq mi (581.34/km2)|
|• Metro||273,170 (Fort Smith metropolitan area)|
|Time zone||UTC−6 (CST)|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC−5 (CDT)|
|GNIS feature ID||2405637|
Van Buren (/ / van BURE-ən) is the second-largest city in the Fort Smith, Arkansas–Oklahoma Metropolitan Statistical Area and the county seat of Crawford County, Arkansas, United States. The city is located directly northeast of Fort Smith at the Interstate 40 – Interstate 540 junction. The city was incorporated in 1845 and as of the 2020 census had a population of 23,218, ranking it as the state's 21st largest city.
The area was settled by David Boyd and Thomas Martin in 1818. After Arkansas became a territory in 1819, Daniel and Thomas Phillips constructed a lumber yard in the community to serve as a fuel depot for traffic along the Arkansas River. In 1831, a post office was constructed for the community, at the time known as Phillips Landing. This post office was named after newly appointed Secretary of State and future President Martin Van Buren.
John Drennen, along with his partner David Thompson, purchased the area for US$11,000. They moved their business of supplying firewood for steamboats to this new location on higher ground. The courthouse was constructed on a lot of land donated by Drennen on the condition that Van Buren become the county seat. The Drennen Reserve is one of the town's existing historical sites from the 1830s.
Van Buren was incorporated on January 4, 1845.
American Civil War
On December 28, 1862, Union and Confederate forces clashed in and around Van Buren, resulting in a defeat for the Confederates, led by Major General T. C. Hindman, driving them south across the river with minimal casualties. Federal forces captured 100 prisoners, as stated in an official report by Major General Samuel R. Curtis.
In late May to early June 2019, the Arkansas River flooded near Van Buren, cresting at nearly 41 feet (12 m), which is 21 feet (6.4 m) above the flood stage. Significant rainfall in the South-central United States forced U.S. Army Corps of Engineers workers to release large amounts of water to ease flooding upstream. The river approached 41 feet (12 m) at the Van Buren gauge over the course of several days, and the flooding damaged 25 homes in the Crawford County area. While one Crawford County levee sustained damage, no levee breaches occurred in Van Buren.
On April 21, 1996, at 11:12 p.m., an F3 tornado hit the Fort Smith/Van Buren area causing extensive damage. The tornado, which spawned in Oklahoma and crossed into west Fort Smith near the confluence of the Arkansas and Poteau rivers, killed two, injured 89 and caused $300 million in damage. The fatalities were small children from Fort Smith. At its worst, the tornado was one half mile across. After leaving the downtown area of Fort Smith, it traveled northeast through industrial and residential sections of north Fort Smith, then crossed the Arkansas River again into the Mount Vista area on the west side of Van Buren and damaged a highly residential area where no fatalities occurred, although this area was very populated at the time. The total distance it traveled on the ground was 7 miles (11 km). In total, there were around 1,800 homes damaged, the majority of which were in Van Buren.
Van Buren is located in the southwest corner of Crawford County with the Arkansas–Oklahoma state line just 2 miles (3 km) to the west. The Arkansas River forms the southern boundary of the city, separating it from Fort Smith of Sebastian County. Lee Creek flows through the western side of the city into the Arkansas River. According to the United States Census Bureau, Van Buren has a total area of 16.5 square miles (42.7 km2), of which 15.4 square miles (40.0 km2) is land and 1.0 square mile (2.7 km2), or 6.34%, is water.
Van Buren lies within a humid subtropical climate area. The city also lies on the eastern edge of the region known as Tornado Alley. Average temperatures range from 36°F in January, to as high an average of 81 °F in July with temperatures reaching the high 90s and low 100s in August. The average annual temperature is approximately 60 °F. Average precipitation is about 41 total inches, with only six inches being snow.
July and August are the hottest months of the year, with an average high of 93 °F (34 °C) and an average low of 71.5 °F (21.9 °C). Temperatures above 100 °F (37.8 °C) are not uncommon, occurring on average eleven times a year. December and January are the coldest months with an average high of 50.5 °F (10.3 °C) and an average low of 30 °F (−1 °C). Highs below 32 °F (0.0 °C) occur on average five times a year, with 0.2 nights per year dropping below 0 °F (−17.8 °C). The city's highest temperature was 113 °F (45.0 °C), recorded in 1936. The lowest temperature recorded was −15 °F (−26.1 °C), in 1899.
|Climate data for Van Buren, Arkansas|
|Record high °F (°C)||81
|Average high °F (°C)||50
|Average low °F (°C)||29
|Record low °F (°C)||−11
|Average precipitation inches (mm)||2.81
|Average snowfall inches (cm)||1.8
|Average precipitation days (≥ 0.01 in)||7.5||7.8||9.7||9.1||10.7||9.3||6.5||6.3||7.7||8.4||7.5||7.7||98.3|
|Average snowy days (≥ 0.1 in)||1.0||0.8||0.4||0||0||0||0||0||0||0||0.1||0.6||2.9|
|Source 1: NOAA|
|Source 2: The Weather Channel|
|U.S. Decennial Census|
|Black or African American (non-Hispanic)||570||2.45%|
|Hispanic or Latino||3,059||13.18%|
As of the 2020 United States census, there were 23,218 people, 8,990 households, and 6,011 families residing in the city.
As of the census of 2000, there were 18,986 people, 6,947 households, and 5,182 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,260.7 inhabitants per square mile (486.8/km2). There were 7,427 housing units at an average density of 493.2 per square mile (190.4/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 87.37% White, 1.64% Black or African American, 1.96% Native American, 2.82% Asian, 3.17% from other races, and 3.03% from two or more races. 6.04% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.
There were 6,947 households, of which 40.4% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 56.2% were married couples living together, 14.7% had a female householder with no husband present, and 25.4% were classified as non-families by the United States Census Bureau. Of 6,947 households, 362 were unmarried partner households: 304 heterosexual, 12 same-sex male, and 46 same-sex female households. 21.7% of all households were made up of individuals, and 8.2% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.67 and the average family size was 3.12.
In the city, the population was spread out, with 29.6% under the age of 18, 9.0% from 18 to 24, 30.7% from 25 to 44, 20.1% from 45 to 64, and 10.6% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 33 years. For every 100 females, there were 92.0 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 86.8 males.
The median income for a household in the city was $33,608, and the median income for a family was $37,198. Males had a median income of $28,798 versus $21,201 for females. The per capita income for the city was $14,948. About 13.5% of families and 16.7% of the population were below the poverty line, including 24.4% of those under age 18 and 13.0% of those age 65 or over.
Economy and infrastructure
Van Buren is home to many large corporations within the state and employs a great deal of the city's population within its Port and Industrial Park district. Manufacturing, food processing, and medicine are sustaining industries in Van Buren. Major employers include poultry processor Simmons Foods, the Van Buren School District, USA Truck, and Baptist Health.
Arts and architecture
Van Buren is home of the King Opera House, a Victorian-style performance hall from the late 19th century, part of the old downtown historic area. At the south end of the historical downtown is the Crawford County courthouse, the oldest functioning courthouse west of the Mississippi River. To the north is the Old Frisco Station which was originally a station on the St. Louis-San Francisco Railway, pictured at the top of this page.
As part of the primary Fort Smith metropolitan area, many Fort Smith based television stations including KHBS and KFSM, whose radio mast is built in Van Buren, provide local news and weather. The city's major newspaper is the Van Buren Press Argus-Courier; however many people also read Fort Smith's Southwest Times Record, as well as the Northwest Edition of the Arkansas Democrat-Gazette.
Van Buren's location at the junction of Interstate 40, Interstate 540, and the Arkansas/Oklahoma border yields surprisingly large tourism and hospitality industries. The city is also located at the junction of several state and U.S. highways including Arkansas Highway 59, US 64, and US 71. A private airport, Twin Cities Airport (code 39AR), was operational to the southeast of the city, but has been closed for many years. Modern railroads in the city include the Arkansas and Missouri Railroad and the Union Pacific Railroad. Intercity bus service to the city is provided by Jefferson Lines.
The Van Buren School District is the largest school district in Crawford County, consisting of six elementary schools (grades K-5), two middle schools (grades 6–8), one ninth grade academy (grade 9) and one high school (grades 10–12). The Van Buren High School is in the 5A/6A-West Division of Arkansas high school sports.
Sites of interest
- Historic Main Street, used for scenes in the film The Blue and the Gray as well as scenes in the film Frank & Jesse
- King Opera House, performance hall and historic landmark
- The Old Frisco Station-Victorian style railroad station; used for a scene in the film Biloxi Blues. It was part of the now defunct St. Louis–San Francisco Railway also known as the Frisco.
- Cyrus Adler, Jewish religious leader and scholar
- Bob Burns, comedian and actor
- Gary Deffenbaugh, Republican member of the Arkansas House of Representatives from Van Buren
- John Deweese, U.S. representative from North Carolina
- Charlene Fite, Republican member of the Arkansas House of Representatives from Van Buren
- Matt Jones, NFL player
- Shay Mooney, singer songwriter from duo Dan + Shay
- Natalie White, winner of Survivor: Samoa
- Battle of Van Buren
- List of cities and towns in Arkansas
- National Register of Historic Places listings in Crawford County, Arkansas
- "Van Buren". Arkansas Municipal League. 2023. Retrieved May 31, 2023.
- "Elected Officials". Van Buren, AR. City of Van Buren. Retrieved May 31, 2023.
- "2020 U.S. Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved October 29, 2021.
- U.S. Geological Survey Geographic Names Information System: Van Buren, Arkansas
- "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved June 7, 2011.
- "Geographic Identifiers: 2020 Demographic Profile Data (G001): Van Buren city, Arkansas". U.S. Census Bureau, American Factfinder. Archived from the original on February 12, 2020. Retrieved May 31, 2023.
- History of Benton, Washington, Carroll, Madison, Crawford, Franklin, and Sebastian Counties, Arkansas. Higginson Book Company. 1889. p. 526.
- "Brief History of Van Buren, AR". Archived from the original on February 22, 2012. Retrieved August 8, 2007.
- Encyclopedia of Arkansas History & Culture
- "The Battle of Van Buren, Arkansas - Encounter at Dripping Springs". Retrieved August 8, 2007.
- "Advanced Hydrologic Prediction Service". National Weather Service. National Weather Service. Retrieved May 22, 2023.
- Bryan, Max. "Arkansas River flood No. 1 story of 2019". Times Record. www.swtimes.com. Retrieved May 22, 2023.
- Weather.gov Archived 2008-05-16 at the Wayback Machine
- "Geographic Identifiers: 2010 Demographic Profile Data (G001): Van Buren city, Arkansas". U.S. Census Bureau, American Factfinder. Archived from the original on February 12, 2020. Retrieved June 19, 2014.
- "Fort Smith USA, Weather History and Climate Data". Retrieved November 22, 2008.
- "NowData - NOAA Online Weather Data". National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. Retrieved July 20, 2013.
- "Monthly Averages for Van Buren, AR (72956)" (Table). The Weather Channel. Retrieved July 20, 2013.
- "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Retrieved June 4, 2015.
- "Explore Census Data". data.census.gov. Retrieved January 1, 2022.
- "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved January 31, 2008.
- "FAA Coded Departure Routes" (CSV). Retrieved August 22, 2007.
- "Arkansas Bus Stops". Retrieved July 20, 2023.
- Banasik, Michael E., ed. (1999). "Chapter 2: Into Battle—Prairie Grove and Van Buren [Diary of Events: October 27–December 28, 1862]". Unwritten Chapters of the Civil War West of the River. Volume III: Serving With Honor: The Diary of Captain Eathan Allen Pinnell, Eighth Missouri Infantry (Confederate). Iowa City, Iowa: Camp Pope Bookshop. pp. 23–42. ISBN 0-9628936-9-2. LCCN 99-70729. OCLC 42815700. OL 56184M.
- General information