Van Buren County, Iowa

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Van Buren County, Iowa
VanBurenCoIowa1.jpg
Van Buren County Courthouse
Map of Iowa highlighting Van Buren County
Location in the U.S. state of Iowa
Map of the United States highlighting Iowa
Iowa's location in the U.S.
Founded December 7, 1836
Named for Martin Van Buren
Seat Keosauqua
Largest city Keosauqua
Area
 • Total 491 sq mi (1,272 km2)
 • Land 485 sq mi (1,256 km2)
 • Water 5.7 sq mi (15 km2), 1.2%
Population
 • (2010) 7,570
 • Density 16/sq mi (6/km²)
Congressional district 2nd
Time zone Central: UTC-6/-5
Website vanburencoia.org

Van Buren County is a county located in the U.S. state of Iowa. As of the 2010 census, the population was 7,570.[1] The county seat is Keosauqua,[2] which contains the oldest continuously operational courthouse in the state of Iowa, and second oldest in the United States.

History[edit]

Plaque on the Van Buren County courthouse, indicating its age and historic status.

Van Buren County was formed on December 7, 1836 as a part of Wisconsin Territory, and was split off from Des Moines County. It was named for President Martin Van Buren. It became a part of Iowa Territory (later the state of Iowa) when that territory was organized on July 4, 1838.[3]

The county's courthouse was built in September 1843 in the style of Greek Revival and stands as Iowa's oldest, and the nation's second oldest, courthouse in operation.[4]

"The Honey War" refers to a colorful episode in Van Buren County's history when the State of Missouri and Wisconsin Territory border came into dispute. Missouri attempted to collect taxes from residents north of the disputed Sullivan Line of 1816, which residents said was not rightfully theirs to tax. The sheriff of Van Buren County subsequently arrested and jailed the sheriff from Kahoka, Missouri, and Missourians were charged with "stealing honey from bee trees in what in now Lacey-Keosauqua State Park. Each governor sent troops to resolve the problem but no bloodshed resulted. The matter was turned over to the U.S. Congress for arbitration" (Van Buren County, Iowa, a Pictorial History, p. 46, Villages of Van Buren).

    The dispute, however, was not resolved until 1846, when Iowa became a state.  Congress ruled "in favor of Iowa, allowing the original Sullivan line of 1816 to remain intact" (Van Buren County, Iowa, a Pictorial History, p. 46, Villages of Van Buren, 2007).  

Van Buren County is also home to Iowa's oldest community theater group still in operation, the "Van Buren Players," founded in 1963 (The Van Buren Players, compiled and edited by Mary Ovrum, 1999).

Geography[edit]

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 491 square miles (1,270 km2), of which 485 square miles (1,260 km2) is land and 5.7 square miles (15 km2) (1.2%) is water.[5]

Major highways[edit]

Adjacent counties[edit]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1850 12,270
1860 17,081 39.2%
1870 17,672 3.5%
1880 17,043 −3.6%
1890 16,253 −4.6%
1900 17,354 6.8%
1910 15,020 −13.4%
1920 14,060 −6.4%
1930 12,603 −10.4%
1940 12,053 −4.4%
1950 11,007 −8.7%
1960 9,778 −11.2%
1970 8,643 −11.6%
1980 8,626 −0.2%
1990 7,676 −11.0%
2000 7,809 1.7%
2010 7,570 −3.1%
Est. 2016 7,271 [6] −3.9%
U.S. Decennial Census[7]
1790-1960[8] 1900-1990[9]
1990-2000[10] 2010-2013[1]

2010 census[edit]

2000 Census Age Pyramid for Van Buren County

As of the census[11] of 2010, there were 7,570 people, 3,108 households, and 2,058 families residing in the county. The population density was 15.614/sq mi (6.029/km2) people per square mile. There were 3,670 housing units at an average density of 7.570/sq mi (2.923/km2) per square mile. The racial makeup of the county was 98.3% White, 0.2% Black or African American, 0.1% Native American, 0.5% Asian, 0.2% from other races, and 0.7% from two or more races. 1.2% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 3,108 households out of which 25.4% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 55.4% were married couples living together, 7.0% had a female householder with no husband present, and 33.8% were non-families. 27.7% of all households were made up of individuals and 33.6% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.40 and the average family size was 2.97.

In the county, the population was spread out with 24.1% under the age of 18 and 19.8% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 43.3 years. For every 100 females there were 100.6 males.

As of the 2000 census, the median income for a household in the county was $31,094, and the median income for a family was $36,420. Males had a median income of $27,379 versus $20,925 for females. The per capita income for the county was $15,748. About 8.70% of families and 12.70% of the population were below the poverty line, including 14.00% of those under age 18 and 15.60% of those age 65 or over.

Communities[edit]

Cities[edit]

Census-designated places[edit]

Unincorporated communities[edit]

Townships[edit]

According to the 1850 US Census Records.

  • Birmingham Township
  • Bonaparte Township
  • Cedar Township
  • Chequest Township
  • Des Moines Township
  • Farmington Township
  • Harrisburg Township
  • Jackson Township
  • Keosauqua Township
  • Lick Creek Township
  • Union Township
  • Van Buren Township
  • Vernon Township
  • Village Township
  • Washington Township


Population ranking[edit]

The population ranking of the following table is based on the 2010 census of Van Buren County.[12]

county seat

Rank City/Town/etc. Municipal type Population (2010 Census)
1 Keosauqua City 1,006
2 Farmington City 664
3 Birmingham City 448
4 Milton City 443
5 Bonaparte City 433
6 Stockport City 296
7 Cantril City 222
8 Douds CDP 152
9 Leando CDP 115
10 Mount Sterling CDP 36

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 20, 2014. 
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  3. ^ "WI: Individual County Chronologies". publications.newberry.org. Retrieved 2016-09-28. 
  4. ^ Van Buren County
  5. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  6. ^ "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved June 9, 2017. 
  7. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 20, 2014. 
  8. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved July 20, 2014. 
  9. ^ "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 20, 2014. 
  10. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 20, 2014. 
  11. ^ "Population & Housing Occupancy Status 2010". United States Census Bureau American FactFinder. Retrieved 2011-06-03. 
  12. ^ http://www.census.gov/2010census/

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 40°45′00″N 91°57′06″W / 40.75000°N 91.95167°W / 40.75000; -91.95167