Van Dale

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Van Dale's Great Dictionary of the Dutch Language
(14th edition)
Dikke van Dale.jpg
Dikke Van Dale
Author drs. C. A. den Boon, prof. dr. D. Geeraerts (editors)
Original title Van Dale's Groot woordenboek der Nederlandsche taal
Country Netherlands
Language Dutch
Subject Dictionary
Publisher Van Dale Lexicografie b.v.
Publication date
2005
Pages 4464[1]
ISBN 90-6648-427-6
OCLC 697452253
439.3
LC Class PF625 .G44 2005
Preceded by 13th edition

Van Dale's Great Dictionary of the Dutch Language (Dutch: Van Dale Groot woordenboek van de Nederlandse taal, [vɑn ˈdaːlə ˈɣroːt ˈʋoːrdə(n)ˌbuk fɑn də ˈneːdərˌlɑntsə ˈtaːl]),[2] called Dikke Van Dale [ˈdɪkə vɑn ˈdaːlə] for short,[3] is the leading dictionary of the Dutch language. First published in 1874, as of 2005 it lists definitions of approximately 90,000 headwords.[4]

History[edit]

J.H. van Dale (1828-1872)

Van Dale's dictionary was first published in 1874, after J.H. (Johan Hendrik) van Dale[4] started work on the New Dictionary of the Dutch Language (Nieuw woordenboek der Nederlandsche taal, [ˈniu ˈʋoːrdə(n)ˌbuk dɛr ˈneːdərˌlɑntsə ˈtaːl]) in 1867.[5] This was built upon the original same-named 1864 dictionary of I.M. Calisch and N.S. Calisch. Van Dale did not see the new work published in his lifetime, as he died in 1872. It was finished by his student Jan Manhave. Today it is published by the private company Van Dale Lexicografie.[4][6]

Commonly nicknamed Dikke Van Dale ("fat Van Dale") and Grote Van Dale ("big Van Dale") due to its size, the dictionary is published in three volumes (A-I, J-R, S-Z). It is usually updated every 7–8 years, and the 15th edition was published in 2015.[7] Today there are compilations, pocket editions, electronic editions on CD-ROM and an online edition on the Van Dale website. The online edition includes a free version for the more common words, and a subscription-based professional version with access to the full 90,000-word dictionary.[8]

Position[edit]

The Van Dale Dictionary is a private endeavor, to be distinguished from the government-published "Green Booklet" that lists the official spelling mandated for schools and government employees. Van Dale includes the official spelling of the words as well, but it further provides their definitions.

There have been arguments whether inclusion in Van Dale should be understood as an approval, in particular for words considered discriminatory like neger ("negro", but traditionally not used in a derogatory sense in Dutch). The position of the editors is clear: the actual use is decisive. Disapproved words are marked as such, but not omitted. The purpose is to inform the reader, therefore the responsibility of using certain words lies solely on them.

Editions[edit]

Edition Year Editors Notes
1st edition 1864 I. M. Calisch en N. S. Calisch Nieuw woordenboek der Nederlandsche taal; in one volume.
2nd edition 1874 J. H. van Dale, J. Manhave Facsimile-reprint 1992
3rd edition 1884 J. Manhave
4th edition 1898 H. Kuiper jr., dr. A. Opprel en P. J. van Malssen jr. New title: Van Dale's Groot woordenboek der Nederlandsche taal.
5th edition 1914 P. J. van Malssen jr.
6th edition 1924 P. J. van Malssen jr.
7th edition 1950 dr. C. Kruyskamp, dr. F. de Tollenaere
8th edition 1961 dr. C. Kruyskamp
9th edition 1970 dr. C. Kruyskamp For the first time in two volumes (A-N, O-Z).
10th edition 1976 dr. C. Kruyskamp
11th edition 1984 prof. dr. G. Geerts en dr. H. Heestermans, with collaboration of dr. C. Kruyskamp For the first time in three volumes (A-I, J-R, S-Z).
12th edition 1992 prof. dr. G. Geerts en dr. H. Heestermans Republished in 1995 with the new official spelling.
13th edition 1999 prof. dr. G. Geerts, drs. C. A. den Boon Also appeared on CD-ROM, edited by prof. dr. D. Geeraerts.
14th edition 2005 drs. C. A. den Boon, prof. dr. D. Geeraerts Used the new official spelling of 2005.

New title: Van Dale Groot woordenboek van de Nederlandse taal.

15th edition 2015 Published on 23 September 2015.

Company[edit]

Apart from publishing the authoritative Dutch-language dictionary, Van Dale Lexicografie also publishes bilingual dictionaries for other languages, translated from and to Dutch, and also offers language courses and translation services.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ (Dutch) Van Dale Groot woordenboek van de Nederlandse taal, product description from Bol.com
  2. ^ In isolation, van is pronounced [vɑn].
  3. ^ De Telegraaf (August 17, 2014). "Nieuwe papieren editie Dikke Van Dale". Retrieved 26 May 2015. 
  4. ^ a b c "Structure and history of the Dutch language". Free University of Berlin, Department for Dutch Linguistics. September 14, 2009. Retrieved June 26, 2011. 
  5. ^ (Dutch) About Van Dale on the official website
  6. ^ Sanders, Ewoud. "Johan Hendrik Van Dale (1828-1872): Maker van een half woordenboek". NRC Handelsblad (in Dutch). Retrieved June 26, 2011. 
  7. ^ "Van Dale Groot woordenboek van de Nederlandse taal" (in Dutch). Retrieved January 14, 2016. 
  8. ^ Sanders, Ewoud (October 17, 2005). "Nieuwe Van Dale". NRC Handelsblad (in Dutch). Retrieved June 26, 2011. 

External links[edit]