Van Eyck

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Van Eyck or Van Eijk (pronounced [vɑn ˈɛik]) is a Dutch toponymic surname. Eijck, Eyck, Eyk and Eijk are all archaic spellings of modern Dutch eik ("oak") and the surname literally translates as "from/of oak". However, in most cases, the family name refers to an origin in Maaseik. This city on the Meuse, now in Belgium on the border with the Netherlands, was originally simply known as Eike (with many spellings) and from the 13th century as Old Eyck and New Eyck.[1] Names with a particle, like Van der Eijk are more likely to refer directly to the tree.[2] People with this surname include:

Renaissance family of painters[edit]

A statue in Ghent, Belgium, depicts the van Eyck brothers, Hubert and Jan.

The important Flemish family of Early Netherlandish painters with the surname van Eyck originated in Maaseik, but ultimately established their professional domicile in Ghent and in Bruges. There they changed the traditional habits of the earlier schools, remodeled the earlier forms of Flemish design, and introduced a substantial revolution into the technical methods of execution familiar to their countrymen. These painters were responsible for many famous works of the 15th century.

Family members included: Hubert van Eyck (1380s – 1426), Jan van Eyck (c.1390 – 1441), their brother Lambert van Eyck, and sister Margareta van Eyck, Jan's wife, also Margaretha (1405/06 – aft.1441), and probably Barthélemy d'Eyck (c.1420 – aft.1470) from the next generation. Jan van Eyck, active in Bruges, is probably the best known Northern European painter of the 15th century.

Other people[edit]

Van Eyck[edit]

Van Eijk[edit]

See also[edit]

External links[edit]


  1. ^ Eijck, van (y) at the Database of Surnames in The Netherlands.
  2. ^ Eijk, van den /der (y) at the Database of Surnames in The Netherlands.