Van Nest, Bronx
|Neighborhood of The Bronx|
Overlooking Van Nest towards the northeast
|City||New York City|
|Named for||Reynier Van Nest|
|• Total||1.10 km2 (0.424 sq mi)|
|• Density||13,000/km2 (33,000/sq mi)|
|• Median income||$47,952|
|ZIP codes||10460, 10462|
|Area code||718, 347, 646|
Van Nest is a working-class neighborhood geographically located in the east Bronx borough of New York City in the United States. The neighborhood is part of Bronx Community Board 11. Its boundaries, starting clockwise are as follows: Bronxdale Avenue to the northeast, the Amtrak tracks to the southeast, and Bronx Park to the west. Van Nest predated Morris Park by 20 years and is considered the older of the two communities. Morris Park Avenue and White Plains Road are the primary commercial thoroughfares through Van Nest. ZIP codes include 10460 and 10462. The area is patrolled by the 49th Precinct located at 2121 Eastchester Road in Morris Park.
- 1 History
- 2 Demographics
- 3 Land use and architecture
- 4 Education
- 5 Religious organizations
- 6 Fire department
- 7 Transportation
- 8 Notable places
- 9 Notable people
- 10 References
- 11 External links
The neighborhood got its name from the former Van Nest station on the New York, New Haven and Hartford Railroad, which was named after the father of Abraham R. Van Nest, a director of the railroad. Van Nest predated Morris Park by 20 years and is considered the older of both communities. A short railroad spur was constructed off the main line from the Van Nest station to serve the adjacent Morris Park Racecourse, which was the site of thoroughbred horse racing from 1889 to 1904. Between 1892 and 1896, lots were subdivided from farmland by the Van Nest Land & Improvement Company. Before the city graded the streets in 1895, the flat terrain and accumulation of rainwater in low-lying areas resulted in this area being nicknamed "Mud West". The multi-legged intersection of Van Nest Avenue, Unionport Road, and Victor Street is still known as the "Five Corners" by many old timers and locals.
Van Nest has a population under 15,000. The neighborhood has a concentration of Puerto Ricans and also contains a significant African American population. A small longstanding Italian and Albanian population exist east of White Plains Road near Morris Park. The majority of residents rent. Almost 20% of the population lives below the poverty line.
Van Nest contains one of the highest concentrations of poverty in Bronx Community District 11. It is believed many of the newest residents are from higher poverty sections of the Bronx such as neighboring West Farms and Parkchester. With this relocation some of the social problems commonly associated with those communities have come to Van Nest. Drug trafficking, teen pregnancy, domestic violence and violent crimes, including gang activity, are common. Van Nest, being roughly one square mile, is one neighborhood within the larger 49th Precinct.
In January 2010, a community organization known as the Van Nest Neighborhood Alliance (VNNA) was created, which meets monthly. Their agenda is to work jointly with the 49th Precinct to ensure that any reported crimes are handled quickly and follow-up conducted thoroughly. Additionally, aside from merely reporting and following up with crimes, both the 49th Precinct and the VNNA are trying to direct the youth into precinct sponsored programs such as kids and cops basketball and Explorers. The rise in youth-related crimes is a genuine concern for the VNNA and the local 49th police precinct.
Land use and architecture
Van Nest is dominated by single family homes of various types. There are also some tenements scattered across the neighborhood. The total land area is roughly one square mile. Architectural styles are diverse in Van Nest, which was started as a residential community in 1893. Italianate, Queen Anne, Art Deco and contemporary brick and mortar are all found. Con Edison's Van Nest Service Center is located north of the Amtrak Northeast Corridor line between Unionport Road and Bronxdale Avenue, occupying the former maintenance shops of the New York, New Haven and Hartford Railroad. The Con Edison Service Center was purchased in September 1959 from the New York, New Haven and Hartford Railroad for $3 million. The former Van Nest Yards were built in 1907 and the Yards, now Con Edison Service Center consists of 940,000 square feet (87,000 m2).
Van Nest Park is bound by White Plains Road to the east, Unionport Road to the west, and Van Nest Avenue to the north. Mead Street bisects Van Nest Park from Van Nest Memorial Square, which houses the war memorial. Van Nest Park was acquired by New York City in August 1913, the present location of Van Nest Memorial Square. In April 1922, the land was placed under Parks' jurisdiction. The monument, which stands at the center of the original park, was erected in April 1926 by the Van Nest Citizens' Patriotic League, who were, at one time, located at 1800 Hunt Avenue. The monument is made of Deere Isle granite and was designed by architect Arthur G. Waldreaon. The park, like the neighborhood, was named after Reynier Van Nest, a saddle maker.
Three of the four granite panels have the names of fallen soldiers from World War I, Korea, and Vietnam. The main facing panel has a tribute to fallen soldiers from World War II. By 1938, the park expanded to include not only a monument but playground equipment. The monument was rededicated by the Italian-American War Veterans' Bronx County Post #39 in October,1973. Memorial and Veterans' Day services have been reinstituted in previous years to pay respect to the deceased, as well as current and former servicemen and women. The monument area is slated to be redesigned and upgraded starting in October 2017. Additionally, a flagpole will be added to complete renovation.
In 1997, Mayor Rudy Giuliani funded a $30,000 renovation of the park replacing the old playground equipment. Dialogue concerning the renovation of the park was started in 2010. However, as of May 2011, $950,000 had been allocated for renovations to the playground. Construction of the park was started in March 2014 and lasted for a year. The renovated park's railroad theme is based on the neighborhood's long-standing ties to the Van Nest station along the Northeast Corridor. Additionally, security cameras were installed through a contribution from Cross-County Federal Bank to monitor night time activity in the park. State Senator Jeffrey D. Klein was instrumental in securing the proper permits for the cameras. Van Nest Park, after being completely renovated, was officially opened to the public in May 2015.
Van Nest once had two Catholic grammar schools: St. Dominic's at 1684 White Plains Road and Our Lady of Solace at the intersection of Holland and Morris Park Avenues. Both schools had grades K–8. However, by 2006, Our Lady of Solace had closed its doors due to budget cuts within the New York Catholic Archdiocese. Our Lady of Solace school building remained vacant until September 2010, when the Bronx Charter School of Excellence annex opened; the school's main site is at Benedict Avenue, while the Holland Avenue site serves as only an annex for grades five and six. The School of Excellence began leasing the Solace building in August 2010, and had made $400,000 worth of renovations from electric wiring, plumbing, and exterior masonry work. The School of Excellence plans to expand to grades fifth through eighth within the next two years.
The New York Archdiocese announced in January 2011 that St. Dominic's, along with four other Bronx grammar schools, would be closing by the end of the school year in June. St. Dominic's grammar school, founded in 1952, had approximately 200 students, who needed to transfer to other schools in the area. Some of the staff members, especially the nuns will be transferring to St. Raymond's school which is located in Parkchester. Prior to its closing in the end of June 2011, a farewell Mass was held to commemorate the school's 59-year history. As of September 2015, the former St. Dominic's Catholic elementary school will be opened up as Public School 481, a school with grades K–5.
The present location of St. Dominic's Church at 1739 Unionport Road was started in 1925 and was completed in May, 1927. Msgr. Domenico Fiorentino was instrumental in the construction of the church. At the dedication mass on May 8, 1927, Cardinal Hayes officiated and was a guest of honor at the dinner held after the services. Preceding the dedication mass a procession moved from Van Nest Memorial Square to the church and was attended by many local organizations one in particular the Van Nest Recreation Club, which is still in existence today. Our Lady of Solace Church is located at 731 Morris Park Avenue
7th Day Adventist Church is located at 800 Morris Park Avenue. Episcopalian, St. Martha's is located at 1858 Hunt Avenue. Lutheran, St.Luke's is located at 1722 Adams Street. Pentecostal, Van Nest Assembly of God is located at 755 Rhinelander Avenue.
There was as well a significant Jewish population in the later part of the 19th and early part of the 20th century in Van Nest. The synagogue located at 1712 Garfield Street was built in 1905. The B'nai Jacob First Van Nest Hebrew Congregation was established in 1895 and by the early 1920s had upwards of 50 families, a religious school within the synagogue to accommodate 80 pupils, and services in Hebrew, Yiddish, and English. By January 1979, the First Van Nest Hebrew Congregation had disbanded and sold the property and building to the Mission Christiana Rehoboth church.
Engine 90, known as the Van Nest Hose Company and Hook and Ladder 41, the Morris Park Company are both housed in the same building at 1841 White Plains Road. The Van Nest Hose Company originally started out as volunteer company and was known as Van Nest Hose Co. No. 1. They were originally located at 1703 Unionport Road and were organized in 1906. Additionally, Van Nest Hose Co. No. 2 was located at East Tremont and Rosedale Avenues and disbanded in 1910, the same year as Hose Co. No. 1. When the Van Nest Hose Co. No.1 made the move to White Plains Road in May 1910 they became a paid company.
In May 2010, Engine 90 and Hook and Ladder 41 celebrated its 100th anniversary. The area around White Plains Road where the firehouse is located was blocked off for the celebration. In attendance were 147 alumni from the firehouse, FDNY Fire Commissioner Salvatore Cassano and an additional 153 guests. The final part of the ceremony was the unveiling of a plaque to commemorate the 100 years of dedicated service in addition to an existing plaque that was originally placed inside the firehouse in 1910 when it opened. Additionally, a few members of Engine 90 also served in the U.S. military.
Bus service is provided by the following routes:
- Bx21: local service to Westchester Square subway station or Third Avenue–138th Street subway station (via Boston Road/Morris Park Avenue)
- Bx22: local service to Bronx High School of Science or Castle Hill (via Fordham Road/Castle Hill Avenue)
- Bx39: local service to Wakefield – 241st Street subway station or Clason's Point (via White Plains Road)
- Bx40/Bx42 local service to Morris Heights or Throgs Neck. (Bx40/Bx42 operate between the Van Nest and Parkchester border lines)
- BxM10: express service to Midtown Manhattan (via Bruckner Expressway/Triborough Bridge)
The IRT White Plains Road Line subway line operates along Birchall Avenue and has a stop at the Bronx Park East station (2 5 trains). The IRT Dyre Avenue Line (5 train) occupies the old right of way of the New York, Westchester and Boston Railway (NYW&B), which stopped running in 1938.
The East 180th Street station of the New York City Subway was once the Administration Building for the NYW&B. Located at 481 Morris Park Avenue at the intersection of East 180th Street, it is a current stop for the IRT White Plains Road Line, which was built in 1912. The station was designed by Stem, Allen H., Fellheimer & Long. Its design is reminiscent of late 19th and early 20th century revivals. It was placed on the National Register of Historic Places on April 23, 1980. Starting in March 2010, the station had undergone a rehabilitation through the architectural efforts of Lee Harris Pomeroy. Some of the improvements include fixing up the entrance and forecourt; replacing parts of the canopy roof, track beds, platforms and platform edges; adding new elevator access to improve circulation; and repairing electrical, mechanical, plumbing, lighting and communication equipment. Community groups hope to see the addition of businesses inside the station such as a barber shop, shoe repair, and dry cleaners which existed at one time many decades ago. The New York City Transit Authority paid $66.6 million for the station's renovation and the Citnalta Construction Corporation contributed the cost of the 45-inch clock with Roman numerals on the facade. The NYPD's Transit District #12 resides directly across the street from the East 180th Street station at 460 Morris Park Ave.
The Amtrak Northeast Corridor line is only used by trains traveling to and from Penn Station via the Hell Gate Bridge, and connects with Metro-North's New Haven Line in New Rochelle. However, the Metropolitan Transportation Authority (MTA) is performing a Federal Environmental Assessment which could possibly bring Metro-North's New Haven service along the Hell Gate Line. This assessment will be completed by 2013. Four possible new stations include Hunts Point, Parkchester-Van Nest, Morris Park, and Co-Op City. The cost of the project is estimated at $350 million with the state of Connecticut funding $100 million and the state of New York funding the remaining $250 million. If built, the Parkchester-Van Nest station would occupy the footprint of the former Van Nest station.
Although more of a social landmark, Conti's Bakery was established on October 1, 1921 on Victor Street and eventually relocated to 786 Morris Park Avenue in 1928. Purchased in 2003 by Sal Paljevic from the original owners, it went through a four-week renovation in February 2007 to restore its tin ceiling and wood panel walls. Other antique features include an original marble countertop, collection of black-and-white photographs and vintage tin advertisements. In the summer of 2005, the exterior of the bakery was renovated to include a retractable, old-fashioned awning and traditional display windows. Conti's Bakery is known for its legendary Boston cream pie.
Riviera Ravioli, another famous Van Nest institution. is located at 643 Morris Park Avenue. It started out as a deli back in 1946 and eventually moved to its present location in 1976. Riviera features a wide variety of not only ravioli but specialty filled raviolis such as lobster, crab and walnut. Other types of pasta include: tortellini, cavatelli, manicotti, and fettuccini. According to its owner, Joseph Giordano the name Riviera Ravioli has its origins from the Italian Riviera which is located in the northwest portion of Italy. Giordano's descendents are from that area specifically. Riviera Ravioli has closed as of August 2014.
The Morris Park Boxing Club located at 644 Morris Park Avenue was started back in 1978 by Joe DeGuardia Sr. Joe DeGuardia, the founder's son presently owns the club. Dex Pejcinovic, a former club member and fighter oversees the daily operations. The club had a setback in December 2009 with an electrical fire which displaced members of the club and residents living in the apartments above the club. Some notable fighters to come out of the Morris Park Boxing Club include WBA world champions welterweight Aaron Davis and light heavyweight Lou Del Valle.
- Stokely Carmichael (1941-1998), a 1960s civil rights activist, moved to Van Nest in 1952 from Harlem when he was 11. Carmichael along with his father Adolphus and mother Mabel resided at 1810 Amethyst Street.
- General James F. Collins (1905–1989), a four-star general, moved to 1820 Unionport Road from Manhattan in 1909. He attended P.S. 34 from 1911 to 1919, and then Regis High School; afterward, he was appointed to the United States Military Academy at West Point.
- General William Fiorentino was born on January 2, 1935 and resided at 1842 Hunt Avenue in his younger years. He graduated from P.S. 34 and Cardinal Hayes High School. He attended Fordham University and graduated with a degree in physics.
- Kenneth E. Gazzola, who lived on Matthews Avenue, is an aviation professional and President and CEO of FlightLogix and Board Member of The Wings Club, an aviation society. He is also a board member of the Smithsonian's National Air and Space Museum.
- Carl Paul Jennewein (1890-1978), an artist and sculptor, had his studio at 538 Van Nest Avenue from 1928 until his death in 1978. On June 2, 2011, the section of Van Nest Avenue between Melville Street and Van Buren Street was renamed Carl Paul Jennewein Place in honor of the sculptor.
- Roland La Starza (1927-2009), a boxer, was born May 12, 1927 and lived on Van Nest Avenue near Van Buren Street. He attended Columbus High School, then went to City College when his boxing career took off.
- Cardinal Edwin F. O'Brien was born in Van Nest. His Irish Catholic family lived in a two-bedroom apartment in Van Nest. He is pro-grand master of the Equestrian Order of the Holy Sepulcher of Jerusalem; the pope's representative to Catholics in the Holy Land; and the chief fund raiser for the preservation of that region's sacred sites. He was ordained in 1965 by Cardinal Francis Spellman and assigned to West Point. Prior to his present position, he was Archbishop of Baltimore. Since May 1997, O'Brien has been returning to his boyhood parish of Our Lady of Solace to perform the sacrement of confirmation.
- Eugene D. Orza went to St. Dominic's elementary school and was once the general counsel of the Major League Baseball Players' Association. He graduated from St. John's University School of Law.
- Regis Philbin, a television personality, attended Our Lady of Solace School on Morris Park and Holland Avenues. A block of Cruger Avenue, where he lived, was renamed in his honor. In January 2010, his boyhood home at 1990 Cruger Avenue was demolished.
- Michael Sardo, a Hollywood writer and executive producer, grew up in Van Nest. He has written for many television series, such as Caroline in the City, Wings, and Fairly Legal.
- John Patrick Shanley, a playwright and screenwriter, grew up in Van Nest. He wrote the script for the 1987 film Five Corners, which was set in the east Bronx and took its name from an intersection in Van Nest.
- "Van Nest neighborhood in New York". Retrieved September 28, 2015.
- Bleyer, Jennifer (December 30, 2007). "Another Little Italy, With Scant Parking to Match". The New York Times. Retrieved 2009-08-23.
- "Historic Map Shows the Boundaries of 54 Neighborhoods in the Bronx". The New York Times. September 9, 1964. Retrieved 2016-03-13.
- "Van Nest Property Sold; Good Prices For Lots Opposite Morris Park Entrance". The New York Times. May 23, 1893. Retrieved 2010-08-18.
- Hughes, C.J. (April 21, 2011). "People Care, and It’s Starting to Show". The New York Times. Retrieved 2014-03-01.
- McNamara, John (1993). History in Asphalt: The Origin of Bronx Street and Place Names. Bronx County Historical Society. p. 204. ISBN 0-941980-16-2.
- "The Many Names of Van Nest". Bronx River Alliance. Retrieved 2009-08-23.
- "Bronx Community District 11" (PDF). New York City Department of City Planning. December 2008. Retrieved 2009-10-15.
- "CompStat". New York City police Department. Retrieved 2016-06-18.
- Marinaccio, Amanda (February 17, 2010). "Van Nest Neighborhood Alliance elects board". Bronx Times-Reporter. p. 27. Retrieved 2011-07-24.
- Rocchio, Patrick (January 25, 2011). "Police to meet with Van Nest community to address youth crime". Bronx Times Reporter. p. 6. Retrieved 2011-11-14.
- "Con Ed Buys Shops of New Haven Here". The New York Times. September 24, 1959. p. 57. Retrieved 2009-09-02.
- "Van Nest Park". New York City Department of Parks and Recreation. Retrieved 2010-09-24.
- Williams, Jaime (November 14, 2014). "East Bronx History Forum and Van Nest Neighborhood Association host Veterans Day Ceremony". Bronx Times Reporter. p. 30. Retrieved 2014-11-20.
- "Veterans honored at Van Nest war memorial". News 12 The Bronx. Retrieved 2014-11-12.
- "Van Nest war memorial to get facelift". Joanna Hernandez News 12 The Bronx. Retrieved 2016-11-19.
- Marinaccio, Amanda (January 7, 2010). "Thumbs up for Van Nest Park expansion". New York Post. Retrieved 2016-02-29.
- Signorile, Vito (May 31, 2011). "VN Park Receives More Funding For Future Renovations". Bronx Times-Reporter. p. 55. Retrieved 2011-06-14.
- "Train-themed playground planned for new Van Nest park". Retrieved 2014-03-06.
- Williams, Jaime (May 15, 2015). "Train theme for new Van Nest Park". Bronx Times Reporter. p. 6. Retrieved 2015-05-23.
- Signorile, Vito (September 30, 2011). "Van Nest Park Receives Security Cameras". Bronx Times-Reporter. p. 5. Retrieved 2011-10-02.
- Klein, Jeffrey (September 16, 2011). "Senator Klein, Community, Announce New Security Cameras At Van Nest Park". New York State Senator Jeffrey D. Klein. Retrieved 2011-10-02.
- "Renovated Van Nest playground offers safety for kids, parents". Retrieved 2015-05-09.
- "Van Nest Park - Bronx, NY - Visit a Playground - Landscape Structures". Retrieved 2015-11-15.
- Mitchell, Max (September 30, 2010). "Charter school opens in old Our Lady of Solace building". The Bronx Times Reporter. p. 27. Retrieved 2012-01-17.
- Lestch, Corinne (January 12, 2011). "Archdiocese to close 27 Catholic schools, including 6 in the Bronx, 3 in Manhattan 4 in S.I.". Daily News. New York. p. 18. Retrieved 2011-01-12.
- Mitchell, Max (January 13, 2011). "Archdiocese announces closure of St. Dominic school". Bronx Times Reporter. p. 1. Retrieved 2011-01-16.
- O'Shaughnessy, Patrice (June 23, 2011). "Treatment of Catholic parish schools as real estate results in shuttered schools". Daily News. New York. p. 36. Retrieved 2011-06-23.
- Lestch, Corinne (July 1, 2011). "St. Dominic school staff and students bid farewell to Bronx parish school". Daily News. New York. p. 42. Retrieved 2011-07-02.
- Williams, Jaime (October 24, 2014). "Van Nest, Wakefield to get new elementary schools". Bronx Times Reporter. p. 8. Retrieved 2014-11-30.
- Williams, Jaime (November 25, 2014). "St. Dominic school building to open as choice public school". Bronx Times Reporter. p. 26. Retrieved 2014-11-30.
- "Cardinal Dedicates New Church in Bronx". The New York Times. May 9, 1927. p. 24. Retrieved 2009-08-26.
- "Parish of Our Lady of Solace - Saint Dominic". Our Lady of Solace. Retrieved 2016-03-12.
- "Morris Park Seventh-day Adventist Church". Seventh Day Adventist Church. Retrieved 2016-02-27.
- "St. Martha's Episcopal Church, Bronx, NY". The Episcopal Church. Retrieved 2016-02-27.
- "Van Nest Assembly of God A House of Prayer for all Nations". Van Nest Assembly of God. Retrieved 2016-03-25.
- Schneiderman, Harry (1920). The American Jewish Year Book 5680. 21. Philadelphia: The Jewish Publication Society of America. p. 461. Retrieved 2010-07-27.
- "New York City Department of Finance: Office of the City Register". NYC.gov. Retrieved 2010-09-18.
- "Valiant "Vamps", Bronx Fire Fighters, Soon to Hear "Taps"" (PDF). The Evening Telegram. April 19, 1910. p. 10. Retrieved 2015-01-19.
- "Mike Boucher's F.D.N.Y. History Page" (PDF). The Unofficial Homepage of the FDNY. Retrieved 2010-10-18.
- McNamara, John (1989). McNamara's Old Bronx. The Bronx County Historical Society. p. 208. ISBN 0-941980-25-1.
- Roberts, Daniel (May 16, 2010). "Morris Park firehouse celebrates centennial". The Bronx Times Reporter. Retrieved 2011-01-22.
- Samuels, Tanyanika (March 21, 2013). "Local Iraq veterans reflect on the war as the country marks the 10th anniversary of the invasion.". New York Daily News. Retrieved 2015-01-19.
- "State Listings New York". National Register of Historic Places. Retrieved 2010-08-18.
- "Lee Harris Pomery Architects, P.C.". East 180th Street Station Restoration. Retrieved 2011-10-16.
- Mitchell, Max (August 25, 2010). "Station rehab may bring in new stores". Bronx-Times Reporter. p. 8. Retrieved 2011-02-09.
- Dunlap, David W. (January 31, 2013). "100 Years Later, a Railroad Landmark Is Revived". The New York Times. Retrieved 2013-03-11.
- "Transit Bureau". New York City Police Department. June 18, 2016. Retrieved 2016-06-18.
- Rocchio, Patrick (November 10, 2011). "MTA may build four new Metro-North stations". Bronx Times Reporter. p. 1. Retrieved 2011-11-20.
- Beekman, Daniel (December 28, 2011). "New passenger rail service for the East Bronx gaining steam with the MTA bigwigs and boro leaders all aboard". New York Daily News. p. 29. Retrieved 2011-12-29.
- Clarke, Erin. "Bronx Neighbors Wants Future Metro-North Stop Named After Area's Distant Past". New York 1 News. Retrieved 2016-02-16.
- "Conti's Pastry Shoppe celebrates 95th birthday". Gianna Gelosi News 12 The Bronx. Retrieved 2016-06-05.
- Signorile, Vito (December 7, 2011). "After 90 years, Conti's Pastry Shoppe better than ever". Bronx Times Reporter. p. 15. Retrieved 2011-12-20.
- Collazi, Bret Nolan (March 1, 2007). "Conti's renovation unveils past splendor, adds modern cafe". Bronx-Times Reporter. p. 10. Retrieved 2011-02-09.
- "Customers swarm Bronx bakeries before Christmas". Tony Chau News 12 The Bronx. Retrieved 2015-12-28.
- "Bronx Week: Local Factory Makes Ravioli Packed With Italian Flavor". New York 1 News. Retrieved 2010-08-31.
- Rocchio, Patrick (March 18, 2016). "Boxing trainer, youth advocate and Morris Park legend Joseph DeGuardia Sr. mourned". Bronx-Times Reporter. New York. Retrieved 2016-03-25.
- Blau, Reuven (March 10, 2016). "Bronx boxer Joe DeGuardia dies at age 86, trained thousands of young fighters". New York Daily News. New York. Retrieved 2016-03-26.
- "Bronx boxing legend Joe DeGuardia dies". News 12 The Bronx. Retrieved 2016-03-26.
- Gonzalez, David (December 23, 2009). "Down, Not Out, After a Fire Guts a Gym in the Bronx". New York Times. New York. Retrieved 2016-03-26.
- Beekman, Daniel (December 22, 2010). "Fire-ravaged gym gets off deck, welcomes fighters back". Daily News. New York. p. 36. Retrieved 2010-12-31.
- Carmichael, Stokely (2005). Ready for Revolution: The Life and Struggles of Stokely Carmichael (Kwame Ture). Scribner. ISBN 9780684850047.
- McNamara, John (1989). McNamara's Old Bronx. The Bronx County Historical Society. p. 214. ISBN 0-941980-25-1.
- Twomey, Bill (February 29, 2012). "Do You Remember? General Fiorentino, Brigadier General, Van Nest". Bronx-Times Reporter. p. 39.
- "Board of Governors". Wings Club. Retrieved 2015-08-13.
- "Staff". FlightLogix. Retrieved 2015-08-13.
- "Donors Kenneth and Madge Gazzola and Harrison Ford". Eric Long. Retrieved 2015-08-13.
- Koyl, George S., ed. (1962). American Architects Directory (2nd ed.). New York: R.R.Bowker Company. p. xxiii. Retrieved 2010-01-16.
- Samuels, Tanyanika (June 2, 2011). "Bronx street rename for borough's own sculptor Carl Paul Jennewein". New York Daily News. New York. p. 31. Retrieved 2011-06-05.
- Signorile, Vito (June 16, 2011). "Van Nest Artist Honored With Street Rename". Bronx Times Reporter. Retrieved 2011-06-16.
- Signorile, Vito (June 10, 2011). "Van Nest Artist Honored With Street Rename". The New York Post. Retrieved 2014-07-06.
- Twomey, Bill (June 14, 2007). "Do You Remember? Roland LaStarza, boxer and actor". Bronx-Times Reporter. p. 40.
- Berger, Joseph (January 7, 2012). "Another Step Up for a Bronx Native Who Led the Archdiocese in Baltimore". New York Times. Retrieved 2012-01-07.
- Beekman, Daniel (January 7, 2012). "Bronx native Edwin O'Brien is among the 22 Catholic clergyman appointed cardinals by the Pope". New York Daily News. Retrieved 2012-01-07.
- Rocchio, Patrick (January 10, 2012). "Former Van Nester elevated to Cardinal". Bronx Times Reporter. p. 1. Retrieved 2012-01-17.
- "OK, not much...". Michael Fornabaio. Retrieved 2012-08-02.
- "Eugene D. Orza '73". St. John's University. Retrieved 2014-03-01.
- "Who Wants to Be On a Street Sign?". Forgotten New York. Retrieved 2009-08-23.
- "Michael Sardo". The Internet Movie Database. Retrieved 2011-01-20.
- "Fairly Legal: On the Scene". Hulu. Retrieved 2011-02-06.
- DiBrino, Nicholas. The History of the Morris Park Racecourse and the Morris Family (1977)
- McNamara, John (1991). History In Asphalt: The Origin Of Bronx Street And Place Names. Bronx, New York: The Bronx County Historical Society. ISBN 0-941980-16-2.
- McNamara, John (1989). McNamara's Old Bronx. Bronx, New York: The Bronx County Historical Society. ISBN 0-941980-25-1.