Van Nuys

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
  (Redirected from Van Nuys, Los Angeles, California)
Jump to navigation Jump to search
Van Nuys
Neighborhood of Los Angeles
Valley Municipal Building in Van Nuys
Valley Municipal Building in Van Nuys
Boundaries of Van Nuys as drawn by the Los Angeles Times
Boundaries of Van Nuys as drawn by the Los Angeles Times
Van Nuys is located in San Fernando Valley
Van Nuys
Van Nuys
Location within Los Angeles and the San Fernando Valley
Van Nuys is located in the Los Angeles metropolitan area
Van Nuys
Van Nuys
Van Nuys (the Los Angeles metropolitan area)
Coordinates: 34°11′12.02″N 118°26′55.47″W / 34.1866722°N 118.4487417°W / 34.1866722; -118.4487417
Country United States
State California
County Los Angeles
City Los Angeles
Named for Real estate developer Isaac Newton Van Nuys
Elevation 712 ft (217 m)
Population (2000)
 • Total 136,443
Time zone UTC-8 (PST)
 • Summer (DST) UTC-7 (PDT)
ZIP code 91401, 91405, 91406, 91409, 91411
Area code(s) 747, 818

Van Nuys /vænˈnz/ is a neighborhood in the central San Fernando Valley region of the Los Angeles, California. Home to Van Nuys Airport and the Valley Municipal Building, it is the only neighborhood in the San Fernando Valley with a population of more than 100,000.

History[edit]

In 1909 the Suburban Homes Company, a syndicate led by H. J. Whitley, general manager of the Board of Control, along with Harry Chandler, H. G. Otis, M. H. Sherman and O. F. Brandt purchased 48,000 acres of the Farming and Milling Company for $2,500,000. [1] Henry E. Huntington, extended his Pacific Electric Railway (Red Cars) through the Valley to Owensmouth (now Canoga Park). The Suburban Home Company laid out plans for roads and the towns of Van Nuys, Reseda (Marian) and Canoga Park (Owensmouth). The rural areas were annexed into the city of Los Angeles in 1915.[2] [3]On April 2, 1915 H. J. Whitley purchased the Suburban Home Company so that he would have complete control for finishing the development. [4]

The town was founded in 1911 and named for Isaac Newton Van Nuys, one of its developers.[5] It was annexed by Los Angeles on May 22, 1915,[6] after completion of the Los Angeles Aqueduct, providing it with the water required for further growth.[7] Van Nuys was the first new stop on the San Fernando Line of the Pacific Electric Railway red cars system, which boosted its early land sales and commercial success.[5]

Van Nuys became the Valley's satellite Los Angeles municipal civic center with the 1932 Art Deco Valley Municipal Building (Van Nuys City Hall), a visual landmark and Los Angeles Historic-Cultural Monument, starting the present-day Government Center complex of government services buildings.[5]

In 1991, Marvin Braude, a member of the Los Angeles City Council, redesignated a 45-block area of Van Nuys as a part of Sherman Oaks.[8] This redesignated area included the community of Magnolia Woods.[9] Some area residents had presented a petition and several original deeds that stated "Sherman Oaks" to Braude. They argued that the area was originally a part of Sherman Oaks until the 1960s, when ZIP Codes labeling the area as Van Nuys were established.[8]

In October 2005, the Metro Orange Line opened with two stations.

In 2014, a "Great Streets" project was introduced by Mayor Eric Garcetti with Van Nuys Blvd. to be redesigned between Victory Blvd. and Oxnard Street. Also, Sepulveda Blvd. was resurfaced between Victory Blvd and Oxnard Street in May 2014. A new Los Angeles County family services building was built on the southwest corner of Van Nuys Blvd. and Saticoy Street in 2016.

In 2017, a new Los Angeles Fire Department fire station is under construction on the northwestern corner of Oxnard St and Vesper Ave.

Geography[edit]

Van Nuys is bordered on the north by North Hills, on the northeast by Panorama City, on the east by Valley Glen, on the south by Sherman Oaks, on the southwest by the Sepulveda Basin, on the west by Lake Balboa, and on the northwest by Northridge.[10] Its street and other boundaries are Roscoe Boulevard on the north, Sepulveda Boulevard, the Tujunga Wash, Woodman Avenue and Hazeltine Avenue on the east, Oxnard Street on the south, the Sepulveda Basin on the southwest and Odessa and Hayvenhurst avenues and Balboa Boulevard on the west.[11]

Population[edit]

The 2000 U.S. census counted 103,770 residents in the 8.99-square-mile Van Nuys neighborhood—or 11,542 people per square mile, about an average population density for the city. In 2008, the city estimated that the population had increased to 110,747. In 2000, the median age for residents was 28, considered young for city and county neighborhoods, and the percentages of residents aged 10 or younger and 19 to 34 were among the county's highest.[11]

The neighborhood was considered "moderately diverse" ethnically within Los Angeles. The breakdown was Hispanics, 60.5%; whites, 23.1%; Asians, 6.4%; blacks, 6%; and others, 4%. Mexico (41.5%) and El Salvador (17.3%) were the most common places of birth for the 49.8% of the residents who were born abroad—a high percentage for Los Angeles. There were 4,917 families headed by single parents or 21.3%, considered high for both the city and the county.[11]

The median yearly household income in 2008 dollars was $41,134, considered average for the city, but low for the county. The percentages of households that earned $40,000 or less were high for the county. Renters occupied 73.9% of the housing stock, and house- or apartment-owners held 26.1%.[11]

Economy[edit]

Van Nuys Boulevard has a long and diverse commercial district along it, as do other major streets crossing through Van Nuys.

There are two Target stores in Van Nuys, one on Sepulveda and Hatteras and another on Raymer and Noble.

Van Nuys has two Asian supermarkets, one on Sherman Way and White Oak, and one on Sepulveda and Victory.

From 1947 until 1992, GM operated an automobile factory called Van Nuys Assembly at Van Nuys Boulevard and Arminta Street to augment their production efforts at their South Gate, California factory called South Gate Assembly which opened in 1936. The Van Nuys location manufactured the Chevrolet Impala, the Chevrolet Corvair, and later was the primary location for the Chevrolet Nova and the Chevrolet Camaro. Badge engineered versions of the Impala, Nova and Camaro were also manufactured at this location. Due to air quality remediation efforts and decreasing market share of GM products, the factory was closed.

Sound City Studios is a very well-respected recording studio located in Van Nuys. Van Nuys, along with Chatsworth, is home to numerous pornographic movie studios, distributors, and manufacturers.[12]

Grupo TACA operates a Van Nuys-area TACA Center at 6710 Van Nuys Boulevard.[13]

Various parts of the blockbuster movie, Terminator, were filmed here.[14]

Property values[edit]

Some former Van Nuys neighborhoods have won approval by the Los Angeles City Council to break off from Van Nuys and join the neighboring communities of Lake Balboa, Valley Glen, and Sherman Oaks[15] in an effort to raise their property values. City Council member Tony Cardenas "suggested the change was motivated by racism."[16]

Government services[edit]

Victory Boulevard (Eastbound toward The City of Burbank) at Sylmar Avenue

The Los Angeles Fire Department operates Station 39 (Van Nuys), Station 90 Van Nuys Airport Area, Station 100 West Van Nuys, and Station 102 East Van Nuys, serving the community.

The Los Angeles Police Department operates the nearby Van Nuys Community Police Station at 6420 Sylmar Avenue, 91401, serving the neighborhood.

The United States Postal Service operates the Civic Center Van Nuys Post Office at 6200 Van Nuys Boulevard in Van Nuys (closed and moved outside the Van Nuys civic center to 6531 Van Nuys Blvd, Van Nuys, CA 91401) [17]and the Van Nuys Post Office at 15701 Sherman Way in the Lake Balboa neighborhood in Los Angeles, west of Van Nuys.[18][19][20]

The U.S. Census Bureau operates the Los Angeles Regional Office in Van Nuys.[21]

The California Department of Developmental Services operates the North Los Angeles County Regional Center on Sherman Way west of Sepulveda Boulevard, but they closed that location and moved to a new location on Oakhurst and Plummer in Chatsworth in 2016. The agency serves a large population of developmentally disabled people living in the San Fernando Valley.

The Social Security Administration once operated a branch office on Van Nuys Boulevard north of Victory Boulevard in Van Nuys. This location was closed in 2011, and moved to Panorama City on Roscoe Blvd and Van Nuys Blvd.

Parks[edit]

The Van Nuys Recreation Area is in Van Nuys. The area has an auditorium and gymnasium with a capacity of 420 people, and a multipurpose/community room with a capacity of 20–25 people. The area has barbecue pits, lighted baseball diamonds, lighted outdoor basketball courts, a children's play area, a community room, lighted handball courts, an indoor gymnasium with no weights, picnic tables, a lighted soccer field, and lighted tennis courts.[22]

Delano Park in Van Nuys has an auditorium, barbecue pits, a lighted baseball diamond, lighted outdoor basketball courts, a children's play area, a lighted football field, lighted handball courts, an indoor gymnasium with no weights, picnic tables, and a lighted soccer field.[23]

Woodley Park picnic area

The Van Nuys adjacent Sepulveda Basin Recreation Area to the west is a large open space park behind Sepulveda Dam. The Metro Orange Line bicycle path connects Van Nuys to it and other valley destinations. It has numerous recreation facilities and natural areas, including a wildlife preserve, cricket complex, and archery range at Woodley Park.[24][25]

The Van Nuys Sherman Oaks Park is in Sherman Oaks, near Van Nuys. The park has an auditorium, two lighted baseball diamonds, six unlighted baseball diamonds, lighted indoor basketball courts, lighted outdoor basketball courts, a children's play area, a 60-person community room, a lighted football field, an indoor gymnasium without weights, picnic tables, a lighted soccer field, and lighted tennis courts.[26] Located in the same place as the park, the Van Nuys Sherman Oaks Pool is a seasonal outdoor heated swimming pool.[27] The Van Nuys Sherman Oaks Senior Citizen Center (a.k.a. Bernardi Center), also on the park grounds, has an auditorium and multi-purpose room. The senior community hall also has two community/meeting rooms, two kitchens, a play area, a shuffle board area, a stage, and two storage rooms.[28] The Van Nuys Sherman Oaks Tennis Courts facility in the Van Nuys Sherman Oaks Park has eight courts.[29]

Education[edit]

Columbus Avenue Elementary School

Fifteen percent of Van Nuys residents aged 25 and older had earned a four-year degree by 2000, an average figure for both the city and the county, but the percentage of the same-age residents who had less than a high school diploma (43.1%) was high for Los Angeles.[11][30]

Schools within the Van Nuys boundaries are:[31]

Public[edit]

The Los Angeles Unified School District operates neighborhood public schools:

  • Van Nuys Senior High School, 6535 Cedros Avenue
  • Cohasset Street Elementary School, 15810 Saticoy Street
  • Robert Fulton College Preparatory School, 7477 Kester Avenue
  • Valerio Street Elementary School, 15035 Valerio Street
  • Hazeltine Avenue Elementary School, 7150 Hazeltine Avenue
  • Columbus Avenue Elementary School, 6700 Columbus Avenue
  • Van Nuys Elementary School, 6464 Sylmar Avenue
  • Will Rogers Continuation School, 14711 Gilmore Street
  • Sylvan Park Elementary School, 6238 Noble Avenue
  • Van Nuys Adult School, 6535 Cedros Avenue[32]
  • NVOC- Aviation Center, 16550 Saticoy Street[33]

Charter schools include:

Van Nuys Middle School was in the Van Nuys community until 1991 when its area was moved into Sherman Oaks. The school continued to use the name "Van Nuys" despite the move.[8]

Private[edit]

  • Pacific Ridge School, 15339 Saticoy Street
  • Crossroads School, 6843 Lennox Avenue
  • St. Elisabeth School, elementary, 6635 Tobias Avenue
  • Grace Christian Academy, 6510 Peach Avenue
  • The Crawford Academy, 14530 Sylvan Street
  • Children's Community School, 14702 Sylvan Street
  • Montclair College Prep, 8071 Sepulveda Boulevard, has closed.[34]
  • Lycée International de Los Angeles previously operated a campus in Van Nuys.[35]

Public libraries[edit]

Original Van Nuys Branch Library (1927)

The Van Nuys Branch Library of the Los Angeles Public Library serves the community.

Transportation[edit]

Air[edit]

Van Nuys Airport, the busiest general aviation airport in the world, the 25th busiest airport in the United States, and among the 20 busiest airports in the world by aircraft movements, is located in Van Nuys.

The closest airport with commercial airline service is Hollywood Burbank Airport in Burbank.

The community includes a terminal for the Van Nuys FlyAway Bus service, which travels from Van Nuys to Los Angeles International Airport.[36]

Public transit[edit]

Van Nuys has two Metro Orange Line stations, the Van Nuys (Los Angeles Metro station), and the Sepulveda (Los Angeles Metro station).

The Orange Line connects to the Metro Red Line subway at the North Hollywood (Los Angeles Metro station), for access to Hollywood, Downtown Los Angeles, and other Los Angeles Metro lines.

The Metro Liner also uses the Van Nuys station. All stations, and the neighborhood's major streets, are served by Metro Local, Metro Rapid, and/or other bus lines and systems.

The Metro Orange Line bicycle path and pedestrian walkway runs in a landscaped zone alongside the entire route, to Pierce College, Canoga Park, and the Chatsworth Station on the west, and North Hollywood on the east.

Van Nuys will also become the southern terminus of the East San Fernando Valley Transit Corridor light rail line by 2027 with construction starting in 2021.

Freeways[edit]

Van Nuys is directly served by the 405 (San Diego Freeway) passing through it.

Other nearby freeways include: The Route 101 (Ventura Freeway), the Route 170 (Hollywood Freeway), the Route 118 (Simi Valley Freeway), and the Golden State Freeway section of Interstate 5.

Healthcare[edit]

Valley Presbyterian Hospital is a 350-bed hospital on 15107 Vanowen St, Van Nuys, Los Angeles, CA 91405. It was founded in 1958, and initially designed by architect William Pereira. It has 350 beds, as well as an Emergency Department receiving facility and EDAP (Emergency department approved for Pediatrics). There is also Southern California Hospital at Van Nuys on 14433 Emelita St, Van Nuys, Los Angeles, CA 91401. It is only a psychiatric facility and provides no emergency services.

Notable people[edit]

Notable places[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Mulholland, Catherine. The Owensmouth Baby - The Making of the San Fernando Valley Santa Susana Press, California, 1987; p. 18-20.
  2. ^ George L. Henderson (1 February 2003). California and the Fictions of Capital. Temple University Press. p. 199. ISBN 978-1-59213-198-3. Retrieved 8 August 2012. 
  3. ^ Judith R. Raftery (1992). Land of Fair Promise: Politics and Reform in Los Angeles Schools 1885 – 1941. Stanford University Press. p. 112. ISBN 978-0-8047-1930-8. Retrieved 7 May 2013. 
  4. ^ Special Collections-URL UCLA Library, Retrieved December 20, 1990, box 7.
  5. ^ a b c "San Fernando Valley History Timeline". Archived from the original on 12 October 2001. 
  6. ^ Hellmann, Paul (14 February 2006). Historical Gazetteer of the United States. Routledge. p. 122. ISBN 1135948593. Retrieved 20 January 2015. 
  7. ^ Hescheles, Andrea (2010-10-30). "1915-1916: Annexation spurred growth". Los Angeles Daily News. Archived from the original on 2015-01-20. 
  8. ^ a b c Stewart, Jocelyn Y. "Identity Crisis : Community: The decision to change the name of a 45-block area of Van Nuys to Sherman Oaks leaves junior high in an odd position." Los Angeles Times. August 23, 1991. Retrieved on March 23, 2014.
  9. ^ Sarkisian-Miller, Nora. "A hideaway in Sherman Oaks." Los Angeles Times. May 7, 2006. Retrieved on March 23, 2014.
  10. ^ Colored map, Mapping L.A., Los Angeles Times
  11. ^ a b c d e "Van Nuys," Mapping L.A., Los Angeles Times
  12. ^ BARRETT, BETH (June 4, 2007). "Porn is a $12 billion industry, but profits leave the Valley". LA Daily News. Retrieved 29 January 2014. 
  13. ^ "TACA Offices." Grupo TACA. Retrieved on January 27, 2009.
  14. ^ "Filming Locations for The Terminator (1984), around Los Angeles". 
  15. ^ Stewart, Jocelyn. "45-Block Area Exits Van Nuys : Neighborhoods: Area around junior high school joins Sherman Oaks, the fifth such change in the Valley since 1986". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved 2013-02-15. 
  16. ^ "Goodbye Van Nuys, hello Sherman Oaks: L.A. Council OKs neighborhood switch". Los Angeles Times. 
  17. ^ "Google Maps". Google Maps. Retrieved 2018-06-03. 
  18. ^ "Post Office Location—CIVIC CENTER VAN NUYS." United States Postal Service. Retrieved on December 6, 2008.
  19. ^ "Post Office Location—VAN NUYS." United States Postal Service. Retrieved on December 6, 2008.
  20. ^ Map Archived 2012-02-18 at the Wayback Machine.. Lake Balboa Neighborhood Council. Retrieved on December 6, 2008.
  21. ^ "The Los Angeles Region." U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved on January 17, 2010.
  22. ^ "Van Nuys Recreation Area Archived 2010-02-23 at the Wayback Machine.." City of Los Angeles. Retrieved on March 19, 2010.
  23. ^ "Delano Park." City of Los Angeles. Retrieved on March 19, 2010.
  24. ^ "Parks - LAMountains.com". www.lamountains.com. Retrieved 24 March 2018. 
  25. ^ "City of Los Angeles Department of Recreation and Parks". 
  26. ^ "Van Nuys Sherman Oaks Park." City of Los Angeles. Retrieved on March 19, 2010.
  27. ^ "Van Nuys Sherman Oaks Pool." City of Los Angeles. Retrieved on March 19, 2010.
  28. ^ "Van Nuys Sherman Oaks Senior Citizen Center." City of Los Angeles. Retrieved on March 19, 2010.
  29. ^ "Van Nuys Sherman Oaks Tennis Courts." City of Los Angeles. Retrieved on March 19, 2010.
  30. ^ "Less Than High School," Mapping L.A., Los Angeles Times
  31. ^ "Van Nuys: Schools," Mapping L.A.], Los Angeles Times
  32. ^ "West Valley Occupational Center Home". 
  33. ^ "NVOC: Today's Job Skills Made Easy & Affordable". 
  34. ^ School website
  35. ^ Lingre, Michele. "Early Linguists : Private Foreign-Language Schools Give Bilingual Education a New Twist." Los Angeles Times. April 28, 1988. p. 2. Retrieved on June 29, 2015. "Le Lycee International de Los Angeles, or French-American School, 14255 Erwin Street, Van Nuys"
  36. ^ "FlyAway-Van Nuys." Los Angeles World Airports. Retrieved on November 20, 2012.
  37. ^ Weart, Spencer. "Oral Histories, George Abell". AIP, American Institute of Physics. American Institute of Physics. Archived from the original on 22 April 2016. Retrieved 8 April 2017. 
  38. ^ Richard Simon, "Bernardi's Iconoclasm Brings Acclaim, Enmity," Los Angeles Times, San Fernando Valley edition, April 3 , 1989
  39. ^ Rick Orlov, "Valley's Ardent Fighter, 94, Dies," Los Angeles Daily News," posted January 7, 2006, at Political-Graveyard
  40. ^ Los Angeles Times, May 10, 1938, Andy Devine Named 'Mayor'
  41. ^ http://www.classicimages.com/articles/2010/10/18/past_articles/devineandy.txt
  42. ^ "Don Drysdale Stats". Baseball Almanac. Retrieved December 3, 2012. 
  43. ^ Suzanna Andrews: Larry Fink’s $12 Trillion Shadow, Vanity Fair, April 2010
  44. ^ "Brian Austin Green Biography (1973-)". Filmreference.com. Retrieved 2011-07-30. 
  45. ^ "A Small World: Robert J. Yurgatis, Jr". Germantown Forum, Germantown, Pennsylvania. Retrieved December 5, 2012. 
  46. ^ "Chris Holdsworth - Official UFC® Fighter Profile". UFC. 
  47. ^ "Michael Landau". Vintage Guitar® magazine. 
  48. ^ "Passings: Noel Harrison, Jon Locke, Jamalul Kiram III". Los Angeles Times. 2013-10-22. Retrieved 2013-11-13. 
  49. ^ "Woman Dies in Backyard Fire Mishap," Los Angeles Times, December 14, 1965, page SF-8
  50. ^ "Matt Moore". Pro-Football-Reference.Com. Retrieved December 3, 2012. 
  51. ^ Vittorio Tafur (July 26, 1990). "Acting Career Foiled by Love of Swordplay: Fencing: Van Nuys native cuts wide swath in U.S. circles with an epee, but international success proves elusive," Los Angeles Times.
  52. ^ Stated on Inside the Actors Studio, 2005
  53. ^ "Jane Russell, movie sex symbol was 89". LA Observed. 
  54. ^ Los Angeles Times - Rams Quarterback a Man of Few Words - 1997-06-18, accessed 2011-12-31
  55. ^ "'American Idol' eliminates Brooke White, determines Top 4 finalists". Reality TV world. 2008-05-01. 
  56. ^ "Margaret Virginia Whitley Diary Naming Hollywood 1886". 
  57. ^ Lambert, Gavin (2004). Natalie Wood: A Life (Biography). London: Faber and Faber. ISBN 978-0-57-122197-4. Retrieved 2010-07-24. 
  58. ^ "Todd Zeile Stats". Baseball Almanac. Retrieved December 3, 2012. 
  59. ^ "'Pimp My Ride' gets Ford tough". USA Today. June 13, 2006. 

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 34°11′00″N 118°26′00″W / 34.1833°N 118.4333°W / 34.1833; -118.4333