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Vanchinathan Iyer (1886 – 17 June 1911), popularly known as Vanchi, was an Indian Tamil independence activist. He is best remembered for having shot dead Ashe, the Tax Collector of Thirunelveli and having later committed suicide in order to evade arrest.
Vanchinathan was born in 1886 in Shenkottai to Raghupathy Iyer and Rukmani Ammal. His actual name was Shankaran. He did his schooling in Shenkottai. He married Ponnammal and got into a lucrative government job.
On 17 June 1911, Vanchi who was just 25 assassinated Ashe, the district collector of Tirunelveli, who was also known as Collector Dorai. He shot Ashe at point-blank range when Ashe's train had stopped at the Maniyachi Station, en route to Madras. He committed suicide thereafter. The railway station has since been renamed Vanchi Maniyachi.
Motive behind the murder
According to this  article in the Hindu, the motive was as follows. Ashe had played a significant part in bringing about the closure of the Swadeshi Steam Navigation Company, started by V.O. Chidambaram Pillai to take on the British India Steam Navigation Company that had for long monoplised trade in the southern part of the Bay of Bengal. He had also been responsible for charging VOC and a colleague Subramanya Siva with sedition — for which they were convicted.
The Pondicherry branch of V.D. Savarkar's Abhinav Bharat Society (New India Society), led by V.V.S. Aiyar — it could not function in the Madras Presidency being a banned organisation — decided to make Ashe pay a price for his actions. And Vanchinatha Iyer was its instrument.
Assassination of Ashe
On 17 June 1911, Ashe boarded the 9-30 a.m. Maniyachi Mail at Tirunelveli Junction. With him was his wife, Mary Lillian Patterson, who had arrived from Ireland only a few days earlier. They had married on 6 April 1898, in Berhampore; Mary was about a year older than Ashe. They were on their way to Kodaikanal where their four children, Molly, Arthur, Sheila, and Herbert, lived in a rented bungalow. At 10:38 AM, the train pulled in at Maniyachi. The Ceylon Boat Mail was due to arrive at 10:48 AM. As the Ashes sat facing each other in the first class carriage, waiting for the Boat Mail to arrive, a neatly dressed man with tufted hair and another young man wearing a dhoti approached the carriage. The former boarded the carriage and pulled out a Belgian-made Browning automatic pistol. The bullet hit Ashe in the chest and he collapsed. The sound of the pistol shot was absorbed by the howling wind.
After the shooting, Vanchinathan ran along the platform and took cover in the latrine. Some time later he was found dead, having shot himself in the mouth. The pistol recovered from him was empty without any bullets as he just planned to kill himself after killing Ashe and had no intention to hurt anyone other than Ashe In his pocket was found following letter:
I dedicate my life as a small contribution to my motherland. I am alone responsible for this.
The mlechas of England having captured our country, tread over the sanathana dharma of the Hindus and destroy them. Every Indian is trying to drive out the English and get swarajyam and restore sanathana dharma. Our Raman, Sivaji, Krishnan, Guru Govindan, Arjuna ruled our land protecting all dharmas, but in this land they are making arrangements to crown George V, a mlecha, and one who eats the flesh of cows.
Three thousand Madrasees have taken a vow to kill George V as soon as he lands in our country. In order to make others know our intention, I who am the least in the company, have done this deed this day. This is what everyone in Hindustan should consider it as his duty.
I will kill Ashe, whose arrival here is to celebrate the crowning of cow-eater King George V in this glorious land which was once ruled by great samrats. This I do to make them understand the fate of those who cherish the thought of enslaving this sacred land.
I, as the least of them, wish to warn George by killing Ashe.
Vande Mataram. Vande Mataram. Vande Mataram
— sd/-, R. Vanchi Aiyar, Shencottah
The contents of the letter indicated that the murder was religious and caused great apprehension on the Ashe's activities against social evils. The timing of the assassination indicated a protest against the impending coronation.
Vanchi was a close collaborator of Varahaneri Venkatesa Subrahmanya Iyer (normally shortened to V.V.S.Aiyar or Va.Ve.Su Iyer), another freedom fighter who sought arms to defeat the British. He trained Vanchinathan to execute the plan in all perfection. They belonged to Bharatha matha Association.
- In the movie Kappalottiya Thamizhan, Actor Balaji played the role of Vanchinathan. Bharathiyar song "Kaattru veliyedai kannammma" was picturised with Gemini Ganesan and Savithri Sivaji Ganesan roled as V. O. Chidambaram Pillai.
- The Maniyachchi Railway Station where Vanchinathan shot Ashe, was renamed to Vanchi Maniyachchi Junction Railway Station in honour of him.
The Hindu (Tamil) published an article based, what it said, on an interview with Jayakrishnan, who claimed to be the grandson of Vanchinathan. It was said in the article that Jayakrishnan blamed (his grandfather) Vanchinathan for neglecting the wife who was 8 months pregnant at that time. Jayakrishnan has purportedly said "What he (Vanchinathan) did was wrong". Writer Jayamohan has written an article on his website that the article has given wrong information as there was no descendants to Vanchinathan. The only girl child he had, died as an infant while he was still alive. He has stated in the article that in spite of several representation pointing to the untruths in the article, the paper has not published an apology.
- "History revisited, but this time with love". The Sunday Indian. Chennai, India. 18 June 2011.
- "Centenary of a historical assassination today". The Hindu. India. 17 June 2011.
- Frontline-Sep 2009-An Irish link
- "Nationalist with a revolutionary approach". The Hindu. Trichy, India. 16 August 2006.
- Madras District Gazetteers
- "Memorials-Budget speech". Tamil Nadu government, India. 19 March 2010. Retrieved 29 November 2012.
- Kula. Shanmugasundaram (2017-08-15). ""Andraikku Thaathaa Seydhathu Thappu Thaane ..!" - Pattikkaaga Varundum Veeran Vanchinathanin Paeran" ["Isn't what grandpa did then wrong..!" - Vanchinathan's grandson sympathizes for grandma]. The Hindu (Tamil) (in Tamil). Archived from the original on 2017-08-20. Retrieved 2017-08-20. (Article was modified)
- Jayamohan (2017-08-16). "The Hindu – Naalithazh Arathin Chaavu" [The Hindu - Daily Newspaper, Death of Ethical Code of Conduct] (in Tamil). Archived from the original on 2017-08-20.
- Editor (2017-08-19). ""Vanchinathan.. Vaarisu.. Sarchai.. Andha Pertikku Aadhaaram Edhuvumillai!"" ["Vanchinathan .. heir.. Controversy .. No evidence for that interview]. The Hindu (Tamil). Archived from the original on 2017-08-20. Retrieved 2017-08-20.