Vandžiogala

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Vandžiogala
Town
Vandziogalos baznycia.JPG
Coat of arms of Vandžiogala
Coat of arms
Vandžiogala is located in Lithuania
Vandžiogala
Vandžiogala
Location in Lithuania
Coordinates: 55°07′10″N 23°57′40″E / 55.11944°N 23.96111°E / 55.11944; 23.96111Coordinates: 55°07′10″N 23°57′40″E / 55.11944°N 23.96111°E / 55.11944; 23.96111
Country Lithuania
Ethnographic regionAukštaitija
CountyLTU Kauno apskritis flag.svg Kaunas County
Population
 (2011)
 • Total861
Time zoneUTC+2 (EET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+3 (EEST)

Vandžiogala (Polish: Wędziagoła) is a small town in Kaunas County, Kaunas district municipality in central Lithuania. It is located 29 km (18 mi) north of Kaunas next to Urka brook. A Holy Trinity church was built in Vandžiogala in 1830.

A town also has a post office (LT-54073), a community centre building, a school, a library, two cemeteries. A wayside shrine was erected during the 135th commemoration of January Uprising.

As of 2011 it had a population of 861.[1]

History[edit]

Vandžiogala was first mentioned in written sources 1384 when a battle with Teutonic crusaders happened. In the chronicles it is written that Vice Komtur of Ragainė Markvard Schulbach was sent to Lithuania to support Vytautas against Skirgaila. The battle was won by Germans: 120 Lithuanians died instantly and the rest either ran away or were taken as prisoners. Komtur took 300 out of those captured and Vytautas took 200.

On July 9, 1941, the first large scale mass murder of the Jews in Kaunas district took place. Rollkommando Hamann massacred 38 people.[2]

Etymology[edit]

Monument for the commemoration of Lithuania's independence

The name is derived from words Vandys (a personal name) and galas meaning "the land belonging to Vandžiai". In the chronicles of crusaders the name is spelled Wandyagel while in the documents from the 16th century written in Old Church Slavonic it is spelled Vondziakgola.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "2011 census". Statistikos Departamentas (Lithuania). Retrieved August 17, 2017.
  2. ^ http://www.holocaustatlas.lt/EN/#a_atlas/search//page/8/item/189/
  • This article was initially translated from the Lithuanian Wikipedia.

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