Vandalia, Missouri

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Vandalia, Missouri
City
Water tower in Vandalia
Water tower in Vandalia
Location of Vandalia, Missouri
Location of Vandalia, Missouri
Coordinates: 39°18′27″N 91°29′21″W / 39.30750°N 91.48917°W / 39.30750; -91.48917Coordinates: 39°18′27″N 91°29′21″W / 39.30750°N 91.48917°W / 39.30750; -91.48917
Country United States
State Missouri
Counties Audrain, Ralls
Area[1]
 • Total 2.25 sq mi (5.83 km2)
 • Land 2.24 sq mi (5.80 km2)
 • Water 0.01 sq mi (0.03 km2)
Elevation 761 ft (232 m)
Population (2010)[2]
 • Total 3,899
 • Estimate (2012[3]) 4,017
 • Density 1,740.6/sq mi (672.0/km2)
Time zone Central (CST) (UTC-6)
 • Summer (DST) CDT (UTC-5)
ZIP code 63382
Area code(s) 573
FIPS code 29-75688[4]
GNIS feature ID 0728133[5]

Vandalia is a city in Audrain and Ralls Counties in the U.S. state of Missouri. The population was 3,899 at the 2010 census, which includes about 2000 prisoners incarcerated at the Prison located within the City Limits.

The Audrain County portion of Vandalia is part of the Mexico Micropolitan Statistical Area, while the Ralls County portion is part of the Hannibal Micropolitan Statistical Area.

History[edit]

Vandalia was platted in 1871.[6] The city was named after Vandalia, Illinois.[7] A post office called Vandalia has been in operation since 1871.[8]

The Lincoln School was listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 1996.[9]

Geography[edit]

Vandalia is located at 39°18′27″N 91°29′21″W / 39.30750°N 91.48917°W / 39.30750; -91.48917 (39.307388, -91.489105).[10]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 2.25 square miles (5.83 km2), of which, 2.24 square miles (5.80 km2) is land and 0.01 square miles (0.03 km2) is water.[1]

Vandalia is located in northeast Missouri in Audrain County - 27 miles from the Mississippi River, 30 miles southwest of Hannibal and 100 miles northwest of St. Louis. The Gateway Western Railroad line runs through the town. U.S. Route 54 passes through Vandalia, connecting it with Illinois to the east and Jefferson City and the Lake of the Ozarks to the south and west.

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1880 501
1890 979 95.4%
1900 1,168 19.3%
1910 1,595 36.6%
1920 2,158 35.3%
1930 2,450 13.5%
1940 2,672 9.1%
1950 2,624 −1.8%
1960 3,055 16.4%
1970 3,160 3.4%
1980 3,170 0.3%
1990 2,683 −15.4%
2000 2,529 −5.7%
2010 3,899 54.2%
Est. 2015 4,348 [11] 11.5%
U.S. Decennial Census[12]

2010 census[edit]

As of the census[2] of 2010, there were 3,899 people, 1,105 households, and 671 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,740.6 inhabitants per square mile (672.0/km2). There were 1,295 housing units at an average density of 578.1 per square mile (223.2/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 81.4% White, 15.7% African American, 0.4% Native American, 0.4% Asian, 0.3% from other races, and 1.8% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.8% of the population.

There were 1,105 households of which 29.0% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 40.9% were married couples living together, 15.1% had a female householder with no husband present, 4.7% had a male householder with no wife present, and 39.3% were non-families. 34.3% of all households were made up of individuals and 16.1% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.24 and the average family size was 2.82.

The median age in the city was 37 years. 15% of residents were under the age of 18; 10.3% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 38.4% were from 25 to 44; 24% were from 45 to 64; and 12.3% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the city was 29.5% male and 70.5% female.

2000 census[edit]

As of the census[4] of 2000, there were 2,529 people, 1,176 households, and 702 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,117.8 people per square mile (432.1/km²). There were 1,343 housing units at an average density of 593.6 per square mile (229.4/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 86.91% White, 10.76% African American, 0.47% Asian, 0.20% from other races, and 1.66% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.79% of the population.

There were 1,176 households out of which 25.6% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 44.3% were married couples living together, 12.0% had a female householder with no husband present, and 40.3% were non-families. 37.5% of all households were made up of individuals and 20.2% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.15 and the average family size was 2.81.

In the city, the population was spread out with 23.7% under the age of 18, 7.0% from 18 to 24, 24.1% from 25 to 44, 23.2% from 45 to 64, and 22.0% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 42 years. For every 100 females there were 86.1 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 84.6 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $25,213, and the median income for a family was $33,819. Males had a median income of $26,356 versus $16,114 for females. The per capita income for the city was $14,859. About 14.6% of families and 18.0% of the population were below the poverty line, including 33.7% of those under age 18 and 6.7% of those age 65 or over.

Government and infrastructure[edit]

The Women's Eastern Reception, Diagnostic and Correctional Center, a women's prison of the Missouri Department of Corrections, is located in Vandalia.[13]

The United States Postal Service operates the Vandalia Post Office.[14]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "US Gazetteer files 2010". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2012-07-08. 
  2. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2012-07-08. 
  3. ^ "Population Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2013-05-30. 
  4. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  5. ^ "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  6. ^ "Audrain County Place Names, 1928-1945 (archived)". The State Historical Society of Missouri. Retrieved 30 August 2016. 
  7. ^ Eaton, David Wolfe (1916). How Missouri Counties, Towns and Streams Were Named. The State Historical Society of Missouri. p. 205. 
  8. ^ "Post Offices". Jim Forte Postal History. Retrieved 27 August 2016. 
  9. ^ National Park Service (2010-07-09). "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. 
  10. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  11. ^ "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population for Incorporated Places: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2015". Retrieved July 2, 2016. 
  12. ^ "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Retrieved June 4, 2015. 
  13. ^ "Facility Addresses." Missouri Department of Corrections. Retrieved on November 24, 2010.
  14. ^ "Post Office Location - VANDALIA." United States Postal Service. Retrieved on November 24, 2010.

External links[edit]