Vanilla Fudge

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Vanilla Fudge
Vanilla Fudge in 1968. From left: Carmine Appice, Vince Martell, Mark Stein, Tim Bogert
Vanilla Fudge in 1968. From left: Carmine Appice, Vince Martell, Mark Stein, Tim Bogert
Background information
OriginLong Island, New York, U.S.
Years active
  • 1967–1970
  • 1982–1984
  • 1987–1988
  • 1991
  • 1999–present
Past members

Vanilla Fudge is an American rock band known predominantly for their slow extended heavy rock arrangements of contemporary hit songs, such as their hit cover of the Supremes' "You Keep Me Hangin' On".

The band's original line–up—vocalist and organist Mark Stein, bassist and vocalist Tim Bogert, lead guitarist/vocalist Vince Martell, and drummer and vocalist Carmine Appice—recorded five albums during the years 1967–69, before disbanding in 1970. The band has toured as recently as 2022 with three of the four original members: Stein, Martell, and Appice, with Pete Bremy on bass. Bogert retired in 2009 and died in 2021.

The band has been cited as "one of the few American links between psychedelia and what soon became heavy metal"[5] and as a proto-prog band.[4][5]


Stein and Bogert had played in a local band called Rick Martin & The Showmen. The pair were so impressed by the swinging, organ-heavy sound of The Rascals they decided to form their own band in 1965 with Martell and Rick Martin's drummer, Mark Dolfen, who was quickly replaced by Joey Brennan. Originally calling themselves The Electric Pigeons, they soon shortened the name to The Pigeons.[6] In December 1966, Brennan moved on to The Younger Brothers Band and Bogert became impressed with a young drummer named Carmine Appice he had heard playing at the Headliner Club on 43rd Street in a cover band called Thursday's Children. Appice was asked to join The Pigeons and in his 2016 autobiography, Stick It!, Carmine explained the name change to 'Vanilla Fudge':

In April 1967 the Pigeons got signed to Atlantic Records. But there was one drawback, however: Atlantic didn't want to sign a band called The Pigeons. Ahmet Ertegun, the label's founder and president, didn't like that name and told us we had to change it. We didn't mind, in fact, I had always thought The Pigeons was a weird thing to be called but had just gone with it. We tried to think up a new name but were getting nowhere until we played a gig at the Page 2 club on Long Island and ended up talking to a chick named Dee Dee who worked there. She told us how her grandfather used to call her Vanilla Fudge. Then she looked at us and added "Maybe you guys should call yourselves that—you're like white soul music". We liked it. We told our manager, Phil Basile. He liked it. We told Atlantic and they liked it, too. So Vanilla Fudge it was.[7]

A recording of The Pigeons, "While the World Was Eating Vanilla Fudge", was released by Scepter/Wand in 1970.

Vanilla Fudge was managed by the reputed Lucchese crime family member Phillip Basile, who operated several popular clubs in New York. Their first three albums (Vanilla Fudge, The Beat Goes On, and Renaissance) were produced by Shadow Morton, whom the band met through The Rascals.[6] When Led Zeppelin first toured the United States in early 1969, they opened for Vanilla Fudge on some shows.

The band's biggest hit was its cover of "You Keep Me Hangin' On," a slowed-down, hard rocking version[8] of a song originally recorded by the Supremes.[6] This version featured Stein's psychedelic-baroque organ intro and Appice's energetic drumming. It was a Top 10 hit in Canada, the United States, and Australia, and a Top 20 hit in the UK in 1967.

The members of Vanilla Fudge were great admirers of the Beatles, and covered several of their songs including "Ticket to Ride", "Eleanor Rigby", and "You Can't Do That".[6] The self-titled debut album quotes "Strawberry Fields Forever" at the end, with the lines "Nothing is real; Nothing to get hung about".

According to Ritchie Blackmore and Jon Lord, Vanilla Fudge's organ-heavy sound was a large influence on the British band Deep Purple, with Blackmore even stating that his band wanted to be a "Vanilla Fudge clone" in its early years.[9]

Breakup and reunions[edit]

Vanilla Fudge in 2018. L to R: Pete Bremy, Vince Martell, Mark Stein, Carmine Appice

Vanilla Fudge played a farewell concert at the Phil Basile's Action House on March 14, 1970. After that, Bogert and Appice departed to form another group, Cactus,[6] that they had been planning since late 1969. They ended up leaving Cactus and formed Beck, Bogert & Appice with guitarist Jeff Beck in 1972.[6] Stein, left on his own, tried to keep Vanilla Fudge afloat with two new players, Sal D'Nofrio (bass) and Jimmy Galluzi (drums), both of whom had been members of a Poughkeepsie, New York, group known as The Dirty Elbows. But when nothing came from this, Stein ended up forming a new group, Boomerang, with Galluzi.

Since the band's breakup in 1970, Vanilla Fudge has reunited several times. They reunited in support of the Atco Records release Best of Vanilla Fudge in 1982. This resulted in Mystery, another album of new material, released in 1984.[6] Martell was not included in this initial reunion and Ron Mancuso played guitar on Mystery instead, along with Jeff Beck, who guested under the moniker "J. Toad". Two reunion tours followed in 1987/1988,[10] with Paul Hanson on guitar. Lanny Cordola was guitarist when the band took the stage on May 14, 1988, for Atlantic Records' 40th anniversary celebration. After that, band members went their own ways once again to pursue separate projects.

In 1991, Appice revived the Vanilla Fudge name for a tour with Ted Nugent's former band members Derek St. Holmes (guitar, vocals), Martin Gerschwitz (keyboards, vocals), and Tom Croucier (bass, vocals), which resulted in the album The Best of Vanilla Fudge – Live.

Three of the original members, Appice, Bogert, and Martell, reunited in 1999 with vocalist/organist Bill Pascali replacing Mark Stein to record a "greatest hits" album, The Return / Then And Now (2001), with new recordings of previous songs and three new songs.[11] 2002 had Pete Bremy and T. M. Stevens subbing on bass for an ill Bogert and 2003 saw a release of Vanilla Fudge's live album, The Real Deal – Vanilla Fudge Live, recorded on tour in 1987 with Paul Hanson on guitar. Martell overdubbed his guitar and vocals later. In 2003–2005, the group toured with Teddy Rondinelli standing in on guitar for Martell.

In 2005, all four original Vanilla Fudge members reunited for a tour with members of The Doors (touring as Riders on the Storm) and Steppenwolf. Pascali returned in place of Stein for some 2005 and 2006 shows before leaving to join the New Rascals. Vanilla Fudge was inducted into the Long Island Music Hall of Fame on October 15, 2006,[12] with Billy Joel, Joan Jett, and producer Shadow Morton. Fellow Long Islander Felix Cavaliere of The Rascals inducted them.

In the summer of 2007, HBO's final episode of The Sopranos featured "You Keep Me Hangin' On" (with Pascali's lead vocals) as a theme for their cliffhanger. The band also went back into the studio to record Out Through the In Door, a Led Zeppelin cover album released in 2007 only in Europe. Also, the band (Stein & Martell with Steve Argy on bass and Jimmyjack Tamburo on drums) performed "You Keep Me Hangin' On" for the PBS fundraising program My Music: My Generation – The '60s for the March 2008 pledge drive.

In March 2008, the original lineup of Vanilla Fudge embarked on a tour of the United States (mostly in New England). But in the summer of that year, Bogert and Appice left to concentrate on Cactus, which they had reformed in 2006. Stein and Martell continued on in 2008 and 2009 as Mark Stein and Vince Martell of Vanilla Fudge with a tour that was called "Let's Pray For Peace," with Jimmyjack Tamburo on drums and Pete Bremy returning on bass.[13] Out Through the In Door was released in the US in 2008.[14][failed verification] Stein and Martell also performed shows during this period with Steve Argy and Jimmyjack Tamburo again as the rhythm section.

In 2009 Tim Bogert announced his retirement from touring and was replaced later by Pete Bremy.

In early 2011, Vanilla Fudge embarked on what was announced as their farewell tour. The lineup for the tour included Carmine Appice, Mark Stein, Vince Martell, and Pete Bremy (bass). On March 29, 2011, the band appeared on Late Night with Jimmy Fallon and performed "You Keep Me Hangin' On". This lineup has continued to tour since.

In 2015 Vanilla Fudge released its first album in ten years, Spirit of '67.

As of 2021, Vanilla Fudge was still performing concerts regularly. On January 13, 2021, Tim Bogert died at the age of 76 after a long battle with cancer.[15] The band did release (on September 6, 2021) a cover version of "Stop! in the Name of Love" as digital streaming content and with an official music video on YouTube, dedicated to Tim Bogert.[16]




Studio albums[edit]

Title Year Peak chart positions Certifications
Vanilla Fudge 1967 6 12 31
The Beat Goes On 1968 17 31
Renaissance 20 32
Near the Beginning 1969 16 10
Rock & Roll 34 24
Mystery 1984
The Return 2002
Out Through the In Door[21] 2007
Spirit of '67 2015
You Keep Me Hangin' On 2016
Vanilla Zeppelin 2022

Collections and live albums[edit]

  • Vanilla Fudge – The Fantastic Vanilla (1969). This compilation was released as double LP in special gatefold/ poster cover and only in Italy, to celebrate the first rock band to be awarded the prestigious Golden Gondola Award.
  • Best of Vanilla Fudge (1982)
  • The Best of Vanilla Fudge – Live (1991)
  • Psychedelic Sundae – The Best of Vanilla Fudge (1993)
  • Then and Now (2002)
  • The Return – Live in Germany Part 1 (2003)
  • The Real Deal – Vanilla Fudge Live (2003)
  • Rocks the Universe – Live in Germany Part 2 (2003)
  • Good Good Rockin' – Live at Rockpalast (2007)
  • Orchestral Fudge (live) (2008)
  • When Two Worlds Collide (live) (2008)
  • Box of Fudge – Rhino Handmade (2010)
  • The Complete Atco Singles (2014)
  • Live at Sweden Rock 2016: The 50th Anniversary (live) (2017)


Title[a] Year Peak chart positions Album
"You Keep Me Hangin' On"
b/w "Take Me for a Little While"
1967 6 72 18 Vanilla Fudge
"Eleanor Rigby Part 1" (UK-only release)
b/w "Eleanor Rigby Part 2"
"Where Is My Mind"
b/w "The Look of Love" (Non-album track)
1968 73 The Best of Vanilla Fudge
"Season of the Witch, Pt. 1"
b/w "Season of the Witch, Pt. 2"
65 52 Renaissance
"You Keep Me Hangin' On"
b/w "Come by Day, Come by Night" (Non-album track)
6 2 Vanilla Fudge
b/w "Good Good Lovin'" (Non-album track)
68 59 Near the Beginning
"Take Me for a Little While"
b/w "Thoughts" (from Renaissance)
38 45 Vanilla Fudge
"Some Velvet Morning"
b/w "People" (Non-album track)
1969 103 69 Near the Beginning
"Need Love"
b/w "I Can't Make It Alone"
111 Rock & Roll
"Lord in the Country"
b/w "The Windmills of Your Mind"
b/w "The Stranger"[21]
1984 Mystery


  1. ^ Both sides from same LP except where indicated
  2. ^ Chart position is from the official UK "Breakers List".


  1. ^ Goffman, Ken; Joy, Dan (2004). Counterculture Through the Ages: From Abraham to Acid House. Villard. p. 271. ISBN 0-375-50758-2.
  2. ^ Knowles, Christopher (2010). The Secret History of Rock 'n' Roll. Cleis Press. p. 199. ISBN 978-1-57344-405-7.
  3. ^ Rosenberg, Stuart (2009). Rock and Roll and the American Landscape: The Birth of an Industry and the Expansion of the Popular Culture, 1955–1969. iUniverse. p. 164. ISBN 978-1-4401-6458-3.
  4. ^ a b Moseley, Willie G. (June 2021). "Pop 'N Hiss: Vanilla Fudge's Near The Beginning". Vintage Guitar. Retrieved June 15, 2023.
  5. ^ a b "Vanilla Fudge | Biography & History". AllMusic.
  6. ^ a b c d e f g Colin Larkin, ed. (1999). The Virgin Encyclopedia of Heavy Rock (First ed.). Virgin Books. p. 470. ISBN 0-7535-0257-7.
  7. ^ Appice, Carmine (2016). Stick It!: My Life of Sex, Drums, and Rock 'n' Roll. Chicago Review Press. ISBN 9781613735558.
  8. ^ Gilliland, John (June 15, 1967). "Pop Chronicles Interviews #147 - Vanilla Fudge". Retrieved June 15, 2021.
  9. ^ "Ritchie Blackmore, Interviews". Retrieved November 7, 2010.
  10. ^ "The Vanilla Fudge Chronicles". Retrieved May 10, 2015.
  11. ^ "Then and Now - Vanilla Fudge | Songs, Reviews, Credits". AllMusic.
  12. ^ "Long Island Music Hall of Fame - Preserving & Celebrating the Long Island musical heritage". Retrieved May 10, 2015.
  13. ^ "Tour Dates". Retrieved May 10, 2015.
  14. ^ "Newsday | Long Island's & NYC's News Source". Newsday.
  15. ^ Kreps, Daniel (January 14, 2021). "Vanilla Fudge Bassist Tim Bogert Dead at 76". Retrieved June 15, 2021.
  16. ^ Blabbermouth (September 7, 2021). "VANILLA FUDGE Releases Cover Version Of THE SUPREMES Classic 'Stop In The Name Of Love'". BLABBERMOUTH.NET. Retrieved September 8, 2021.
  17. ^ a b Kent, David (1993). Australian Chart Book 1970–1992 (illustrated ed.). St Ives, N.S.W.: Australian Chart Book. p. 319. ISBN 0-646-11917-6.
  18. ^ "Discographie von Vanilla Fudge". Offizielle Deutsche Charts (in German). Retrieved November 27, 2022.
  19. ^ a b "Vanilla Fudge full Official Charts History". Official Charts Company. Retrieved November 27, 2022.
  20. ^ "Gold & Platinum - RIAA". RIAA. Retrieved September 5, 2018.
  21. ^ a b Strong, Martin C. (2000). The Great Rock Discography (5th ed.). Edinburgh: Mojo Books. p. 1030. ISBN 1-84195-017-3.

General and cited references[edit]

  • Borthwick, Stuart; Moy, Ron (2004). Popular Music Genres: An Introduction. Edinburgh: Edinburgh University. ISBN 0-7486-1745-0.
  • Rees, Dafydd; Crampton, Luke (1989). Rock Movers & Shakers (1st. ed). Billboard Publishing. ISBN 0-8230-7609-1.

Other sources[edit]

External links[edit]