Vantaa

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Vantaa
VantaaVanda
City
Vantaan kaupunki
Vanda stad
Clockwise from top-left: Kielotorni in Tikkurila, Helsinki Airport, Sotunki, Flamingo and Jumbo shopping centers, The Church of St. Lawrence, Ostari shopping center in Martinlaakso, and the Vaarala Church.
Clockwise from top-left: Kielotorni in Tikkurila, Helsinki Airport, Sotunki, Flamingo and Jumbo shopping centers, The Church of St. Lawrence, Ostari shopping center in Martinlaakso, and the Vaarala Church.
Coat of arms of Vantaa
Coat of arms
Location of Vantaa in Finland
Location of Vantaa in Finland
Coordinates: 60°17′40″N 025°02′25″E / 60.29444°N 25.04028°E / 60.29444; 25.04028Coordinates: 60°17′40″N 025°02′25″E / 60.29444°N 25.04028°E / 60.29444; 25.04028
Country Finland
Region Uusimaa
Sub-region Greater Helsinki
Charter 1351
City 1974
Government
 • Mayor Kari Nenonen[1]
 • Deputy mayors Martti Lipponen, Jukka T. Salminen, Juha-Veikko Nikulainen, Elina Lehto-Häggroth[1]
 • Sector directors Heidi Nygren, Juha-Veikko Nikulainen[1]
Area (2011-01-01)[2]
 • Total 240.34 km2 (92.80 sq mi)
 • Land 238.37 km2 (92.04 sq mi)
 • Water 1.97 km2 (0.76 sq mi)
Area rank 291st largest in Finland
Population (2014-11-30)[3]
 • Total 210,543
 • Rank 4th largest in Finland
 • Density 883.26/km2 (2,287.6/sq mi)
Population by native language[4]
 • Finnish 88.6% (official)
 • Swedish 3% (official)
 • Others 8.4%
Population by age[5]
 • 0 to 14 18.5%
 • 15 to 64 70.5%
 • 65 or older 11.1%
Time zone EET (UTC+2)
 • Summer (DST) EEST (UTC+3)
Municipal tax rate[6] 19%
Unemployment rate 7.8%
Website www.vantaa.fi

Vantaa (Finnish pronunciation: [ˈʋɑntɑː]; Swedish: Vanda) is a city and municipality in Finland. It is part of the inner core of the Finnish Capital Region along with Helsinki, Espoo, and Kauniainen. With its population of 210,543 (30 November 2014[3]), Vantaa is the fourth most populated city of Finland.

The largest airport in Finland, and the main airport and airline hub of Greater Helsinki, the Helsinki Airport, is located in Vantaa. The city also hosts a science center, Heureka.

The city of Vantaa is bilingual, both Finnish and Swedish being official languages. 88.6% of the population are Finnish speakers, while 3% speak Swedish as their first language. 8.4% of the population speak a native language other than Finnish or Swedish.[7]

Geography[edit]

The districts and major regions of Vantaa

Location[edit]

Vantaa is located in southern Finland, in the region of Uusimaa and the Helsinki sub-region. It is separated from the Gulf of Finland by Helsinki. Prior to the abolition of Finnish provinces in 2009, Vantaa was a part of the Southern Finland Province.

Vantaa encompasses 240.34 square kilometres (92.80 sq mi), of which 1.97 km2 (0.76 sq mi) is water.[2] Population density is 883.26/km2 (2,287.6/sq mi). It borders Helsinki, the Finnish capital, which is to the south and southwest. Other neighbouring municipalities are Espoo to the west; Nurmijärvi, Kerava, and Tuusula to the north; and Sipoo to the east.

Subdivision[edit]

Main article: Districts of Vantaa

Vantaa is divided into seven major regions (Finnish: suuralueet, Swedish: storområden): Tikkurila (Dickursby), Hakunila (Håkansböle), Koivukylä (Björkby), Korso, Aviapolis, Myyrmäki (Myrbacka), and Kivistö.[8] These major regions are then divided into a total of 60 city districts, the most populated of which are Myyrmäki, Martinlaakso, Hakunila, and Pakkala.

History[edit]

The old station building of Tikkurila

Prior to the name Vantaa being taken into use in 1974, the area was known as Helsingin Pitäjä (Swedish: Helsinge; "Socken of Helsinki"). The earliest record of the area is as Helsinge in 1351 when king Magnus II of Sweden granted salmon fishing rights on the river Vantaa to the Estonian Padise monastery. The rapids of river Vantaa were known as Helsingfors, from which the current Swedish name of Helsinki derives. Early settlement in Vantaa was centered around the river, and from it the city's current coat of arms derived its imagery.

Since the 14th century, the road between Turku and Vyborg, King's Road, has run through Vantaa. The road brought significant attention to the city, and its location on the salmon rich river led to a permanent population.

Ore deposits in Helsingin Pitäjä had been discovered in the 1700s, but weren't utilized until Finland transferred to Russian control in the early 1800s. Ore extraction and processing lead to rapid industrialization in the area, with communities forming around locations like Tikkurila and Kerava. The industrial community in Tikkurila included an expeller pressing plant, which currently operates in the area as the paint manufacturer Tikkurila Oyj.

In 1862, the railway between Helsinki and Hämeenlinna was constructed, and one of its seven stations was built in Tikkurila, on its intersection with King's Road. The Swedish architect Carl Albert Edelfelt designed a Renaissance Revival styled station building, which is the oldest extant station building in Finland and (as of the 1978) has been adapted into the Vantaa City Museum. The railway brought industry and induced population growth.

Helsingin Pitäjä gained municipality rights in 1865, after which it was named Helsingin maalaiskunta ("Rural Municipality of Helsinki").

In 1972, the municipality was renamed Vantaa (Swedish: Vanda) and promoted to a köping (market town) (i.e. Vantaan kauppala/Vanda köping). In 1974, the town got full city rights as Vantaan kaupunki/Vanda stad or "City of Vantaa".[9]

Population[edit]

The city is bilingual, both Finnish and Swedish being official languages.[7] A majority (88.6%) of the population are Finnish speakers while 3% speak Swedish as their first language. Vantaa's residents that speak a native language other than Finnish or Swedish stand at 8.4% of the population.

In 2011, 199,236 of the municipality's 203,001 residents lived in officially recognized urban areas (Finnish: taajama; Swedish: tätort). The remaining population lives in the few rural sections of Vantaa, such as those in Sotunki and Seutula.[10]

In 2006, 74.6% of the population were members of the Lutheran Church of Finland.

Demographics[edit]

Vantaa Population Growth 1980–2010[11]
Year Population
1980
132,050
1985
143,844
1990
152,263
1995
166,480
2000
178,471
2005
187,281
2010
200,055
2015
211,206
The Helsinki Airport (HEL), although associated with Helsinki, is located in Vantaa.

Politics[edit]

Vantaa's city council has 67 seats. Following the 2012 municipal election the council seats are allocated in the following way: Social Democrats 18 seats, National Coalition Party 18, True Finns 11, Greens 9, Left Alliance 4, Centre Party 3, Christian Democrats 2, Swedish People's Party 2.[12]

Mayors[edit]

Services[edit]

The main library of Vantaa, Tikkurila Library

Vantaa has two hospitals, Peijas Hospital in Asola and Katriina Hospital in Seutula. Peijas is responsible for emergency and short-term health services, while Katriina specializes in long-term care and elderly care. The Vantaa branch of the HelMet library network has 10 libraries in Vantaa, with a total of 518,117 books in 2005. The main library is in Tikkurila.

For sports, the city has five swimming halls, four sports halls, two gyms, six tennis courts, 69 hockey and skating rinks, and 19 lit-up running tracks. Additionally, Vantaa has two golf courses, in Hiekkaharju and Keimola.

Education[edit]

Vantaa has a total of 50 Finnish-speaking, five Swedish-speaking, and one English-speaking primary and junior high schools. The city has nine upper secondary schools, including Tikkurila Upper Secondary, Finland's largest upper secondary school. For vocational education, Vantaa has two vocational schools and two universities of applied sciences: Metropolia and Laurea.

Economy[edit]

Finnair headquarters

Companies that have their headquarters in Vantaa (at the Helsinki Airport, in Aviapolis) include Finnair, Finavia, Air Finland and Blue1.[13][14][15] Companies with headquarters in Vantaa outside of Aviapolis include R-kioski, Tikkurila Oyj, Veikkaus Oy, and Metsähallitus.

Transportation[edit]

Vantaa infrastructurally serves as the transportational hub of the Helsinki Metropolitan Area. Several key freeways and highways, such as Ring III and Porvoonväylä, originate in or pass through the municipality. Additionally, two of the three railway lines exiting Helsinki pass through Vantaa, connecting the city's nine stations. The upcoming Ring Rail Line will increase the total amount of stations to 14, which is more than that of any other municipality in Greater Helsinki.

The largest airport in Finland, and the primary airport of Greater Helsinki, Helsinki Airport, is located in Vantaa.

International relations[edit]

Twin towns and sister cities[edit]

Vantaa is twinned with:

Culture[edit]

Science centre Heureka

Music[edit]

There are about 20 choirs in Vantaa,[16] like Vantaan Laulu and Vantaa Chamber Choir. Three actively performing concert bands Tikkurilan Soittokunta, Lumon Puhaltajat and Puhallinorkesteri Louhi exist at the east, north and west corners of the city respectively.[17] Vantaa Pops (Vantaan Viihdeorkesteri in Finnish), conducted by a Welshman Nick Davies,[18] is the only professional full symphonic pops orchestra in Finland.

Ankkarock was a rock music festival held every summer in Korso between 1989-2010.

Museums[edit]

Tikkurila is home of the major science centre in Finland, Heureka. In addition there is the city museum next to the railway station in Tikkurila which has exhibitions with various themes on local history. The museum is housed in the oldest station building in Finland, designed by Carl Albert Edelfelt and completed in 1861. The Finnish Aviation Museum is located in Vantaa, near Helsinki Airport.

Climate[edit]

Climate data for Helsinki-Vantaa Airport (Helsinki Airport)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 8.2
(46.8)
10.0
(50)
17.5
(63.5)
23.6
(74.5)
28.8
(83.8)
31.4
(88.5)
34.0
(93.2)
31.5
(88.7)
25.3
(77.5)
18.2
(64.8)
10.5
(50.9)
9.6
(49.3)
34.0
(93.2)
Average high °C (°F) −2.4
(27.7)
−2.7
(27.1)
1.5
(34.7)
8.7
(47.7)
15.8
(60.4)
19.6
(67.3)
22.5
(72.5)
20.5
(68.9)
14.8
(58.6)
8.6
(47.5)
2.6
(36.7)
−0.7
(30.7)
9.1
(48.4)
Daily mean °C (°F) −5.0
(23)
−5.7
(21.7)
−1.9
(28.6)
4.1
(39.4)
10.4
(50.7)
14.6
(58.3)
17.7
(63.9)
15.8
(60.4)
10.7
(51.3)
5.6
(42.1)
0.4
(32.7)
−3.2
(26.2)
5.3
(41.5)
Average low °C (°F) −8.1
(17.4)
−8.9
(16)
−5.4
(22.3)
−0.2
(31.6)
4.8
(40.6)
9.5
(49.1)
12.6
(54.7)
11.3
(52.3)
6.9
(44.4)
2.7
(36.9)
−2.1
(28.2)
−6.0
(21.2)
1.4
(34.5)
Record low °C (°F) −35.9
(−32.6)
−30.2
(−22.4)
−27.2
(−17)
−12.1
(10.2)
−5.4
(22.3)
−0.5
(31.1)
4.0
(39.2)
2.0
(35.6)
−7.3
(18.9)
−14.5
(5.9)
−19.9
(−3.8)
−29.5
(−21.1)
−35.9
(−32.6)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 54
(2.13)
37
(1.46)
37
(1.46)
32
(1.26)
39
(1.54)
61
(2.4)
66
(2.6)
79
(3.11)
64
(2.52)
82
(3.23)
73
(2.87)
58
(2.28)
682
(26.86)
Mean monthly sunshine hours 38 74 131 196 275 266 291 219 143 84 37 26 1,780
Source: Climatological statistics for the normal period 1981–2010 [19] Sun and record temperatures 1981-2011 only

Gallery[edit]

Panorama of shopping centre in Aviapolis
A panoramic view of shopping center Jumbo in Aviapolis, Vantaa. Ring III runs through the foreground.

See also[edit]


References[edit]

Notes
  1. ^ a b c "City of Vantaa - City Management". www.vantaa.fi. Retrieved 16 February 2015. 
  2. ^ a b "Area by municipality as of 1 January 2011" (PDF) (in Finnish and Swedish). Land Survey of Finland. Retrieved 9 March 2011. 
  3. ^ a b "VÄESTÖTIETOJÄRJESTELMÄ REKISTERITILANNE 30.11.2014" (in Finnish and Swedish). Population Register Center of Finland. Retrieved 29 December 2014. 
  4. ^ "Population according to language and the number of foreigners and land area km2 by area as of 31 December 2008". Statistics Finland's PX-Web databases. Statistics Finland. Retrieved 29 March 2009. 
  5. ^ "Population according to age and gender by area as of 31 December 2008". Statistics Finland's PX-Web databases. Statistics Finland. Retrieved 28 April 2009. 
  6. ^ "List of municipal and parish tax rates in 2011". Tax Administration of Finland. 29 November 2010. Retrieved 13 March 2011. 
  7. ^ a b Government Decree on the Official Languages in Administrative Districts for 2003–2012 (in Finnish); [1] (the same in Swedish). Retrieved on 7 July 2012
  8. ^ "City of Vantaa - The Major Regions of Vantaa". www.vantaa.fi. Retrieved 16 February 2015. 
  9. ^ "Vantaan kaupunki - Vantaan historiaa". www.vantaa.fi. Retrieved 16 February 2015. 
  10. ^ "Taajama-aste alueittain 31.12.2011". Tilastokeskus. Retrieved 23 March 2015. 
  11. ^ "Väestö kielen mukaan sekä ulkomaan kansalaisten määrä ja maa-pinta-ala alueittain 1980–2012" (in Finnish). Tilastokeskus. 22 March 2013. Retrieved 1 April 2013. 
  12. ^ http://www.vaalikone.fi/kunta2012/tulos/02/092/
  13. ^ http://www.finavia.fi/about_finavia/contact Contact Information]." Finavia. Retrieved on 15 February 2010.
  14. ^ "Oy Air Finland Ltd in English." Air Finland. Retrieved on 25 February 2010.
  15. ^ "Privacy Policy
  16. ^ "Vantaan kaupunki - Kulttuuri". www.vantaa.fi. Retrieved 16 February 2015. 
  17. ^ "Vantaan kaupunki - Kulttuuri". www.vantaa.fi. Retrieved 16 February 2015. 
  18. ^ http://www.hs.fi/kulttuuri/artikkeli/Nick+Davies+Vantaan+viihdeorkesterin+ylikapellimestariksi/1135259753244
  19. ^ "Normal period 1981-2010". 

External links[edit]