Vapi

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Vapi

વાપી , वापी
City
Vapi is located in Gujarat
Vapi
Vapi
Location in Gujarat, India
Vapi is located in India
Vapi
Vapi
Vapi (India)
Coordinates: 20°13′N 72°32′E / 20.22°N 72.54°E / 20.22; 72.54Coordinates: 20°13′N 72°32′E / 20.22°N 72.54°E / 20.22; 72.54
CountryIndia
StateGujarat
DistrictValsad
Elevation
27.33 m (89.67 ft)
Population
(2011)[1]
 • Rank287
 • Urban
163,630
Languages
 • OfficialGujarati, Hindi
Time zoneUTC+5:30 (IST)
PIN
396191 / 396194 / 396195
Telephone code91260
Vehicle registrationGJ-15
Websitevapimunicipality.com

Vapi (IAST: vāpī,About this soundpronunciation ), is a city and municipality in Valsad District in the state of Gujarat. It is situated near the banks of the Damanganga River.Around 28 km south of the district headquarters in the city of Valsad, it is surrounded by the Union Territories of Daman to the west and Dadra and Nagar Haveli to the east. Economic and industrial growth in recent decades has blurred the physical boundaries, and a small stretch of roughly 21 km of Daman-Vapi-Silvassa has almost become a single urban area. The town originally belonged to kshatriya family Palande during Maratha empire. After independence from the British Crown, In 1951 the jagirdar system was abolished by the Indian government and community of Desai (Anavil Bramhins), who were former acted as tax farmers during the era of the Maratha Empire recived the land. Jains and other tribal castes later migrated to the city. Vapi is also Known as the City of Chemicals, it is the largest industrial area in Asia in terms of small-scale industries, dominated by the chemical industry. It has been ranked 2 in the year 2008 among the most polluted places in the world, mainly due to its poor air and water quality caused by nearby industrial sites. People who have been living in the town have a lot of complaints about their health due to the pollution emissions happening almost every night from chemical factories.[2] As of 2018, the pollution has come down significantly. It comprises 11 wards

Geography[edit]

NH 48 bisects the city. The western part was the original location of the town, while the eastern part consists mainly of industry and newer residential areas. Mumbai is roughly 180 km to the south, and Surat is about 120  km to the north.

The Arabian Sea, at the delta of the Damanganga, is about 7 km to the west. The city has tropical weather and enjoys three distinct seasons: winter, summer and monsoon, with rainfall ranging from 100 inches to 120 inches per annum. The Dhobikhadi, Bhilkhadi, Kolak and Damanganga rivers flow through Vapi.

Surrounding locations include Daman, Dadra and Nagar Haveli, Umbergaon, Sarigam, Bhilad, Udvada, Sanjan and Pardi.

Both the Union territories (Daman and Dadra and Nagar Haveli) as well as Sarigam, Bhilad, Umbergaon, and Pardi, only 12–40 km from Vapi, are good residential and commercial areas. Daman and Silvassa attract tourists from all over the world.

Transport[edit]

Vapi platformboard

National Highway 8 passes through Vapi. It is connected to all major cities. It is the only place from which one can visit Daman and Silvassa. City bus service is available.

To cater to industry, the city hosts what is called a "floating population". The Vapi railway station on the Mumbai-Vadodara rail link of Western Railway (India) has become the direct beneficiary in terms of revenues due to daily commuters. It is the only city connecting two union territories, i.e. Daman and Dadra-nagar haveli.

Its proximity to Mumbai and Surat and its location on the busy NH08 highway has now made vapi a major transport hub.

A coast guard airport is running in daman where private charters can operate with prior permissions.

Economy[edit]

Chemical industries such as Vertellus Specialty Materials Ltd, Aarti Industires Ltd, Supreet Chemicals, and textile giants such as Alok industries, Welspun Terry Towels, Century Textiles, GHCL and Raymonds Limited have strong presences in Vapi and nearby areas. Bayer Vapi Pvt Ltd,United Phosphorus Ltd., Supreet Chemicals Pvt Ltd., Sarna Chemicals, Sangir Plastics, Kampun Polymers,[3] Lathia Rubbers, Aarti Industries Ltd., Themis Industries and Hubergroup India Pvt Ltd (formerly Micro Inks Limited), Unique Star Alliance Tools Mfg. Pvt. Ltd. operate manufacturing plants in Vapi. Today, about 70% of the total industries in the township are chemical plants, mainly for chemical distillation and the production of pesticides, dyes, dye intermediaries and paints. Other major industries include paper, packaging, pharmaceuticals, plastics, rubber, textiles, wood, computer hardware and software, engineering workshops, glass, and food products. Another striking feature of Vapi is the Common Effluent Treatment Plant (or CETP). This is the largest of its kind in Asia[4] and one of India's biggest effluent treatment plants in terms of capacity, treating the pollutants from these industries before the effluent is released into the river. The CETP is run by Vapi Waste and Effluent Management Company, promoted by the Vapi Industries Association. Vapi has the maximum number of Kraft paper & duplex board paper mills in India. The best quality paper producers are located in Vapi and to have more than 20 kraft paper mills within a distance of 20 km. Therefore, Vapi is also known as "paper hub".[5]

Education[edit]

Colleges[edit]

  • B.N.B. Swaminarayan Pharmacy College,Salvav
  • KBS College of Commerce and NATARAJ Professional Sciences college
  • G.I.D.C. ROFEL Business School (PGDM) (AICTE approved)
  • G.I.D.C. Rajju Shroff Rofel Institute of Management Studies College
  • Hi-Tech Institute Of Technology, Chanod, Vapi
  • Hi-Tech Computer & Technical Institute
  • Inter National Institute Of Fashion Designing
  • Kaushik Haria Technical Center, Chanod
  • Laxmi Institute of Computer Application, Sarigam
  • LIT, Dungar
  • ROFEL Shri G. M. Bilakhia College of Applied Sciences and Pharmacy
  • Rofel Arts and Commerce College, Namdha Campus Vapi(396191)
  • R. K. Desai College of Arts and Science

Schools[edit]

  • Modern English High School(VAPI)
  • Angel convent school (chhiri)
  • Atharva public school, chanod
  • Boon Max English Medium School
  • Fellowship Mission School, Dungra, Vapi
  • Florence English Medium School
  • Gyandeep School, (Chala)
  • K.P. Vidya Mandir High School
  • Kelkar Vaze Marathi Vidyalaya, Vapi
  • Laxmi International School, Sarigam
  • L.G Haria school
  • Lumens School, Namdha, Vapi
  • Mahatma Jyotirao Phule Marathi Medium School (Chanod)
  • Modern English High School And Junior college (Vapi)
  • Mother of Hope School, Ashadham, (Vapi)
  • Municipality Govt. High School, (Town)
  • Podar International School. (Tukwada)
  • R.G.A.S Govt. High School, Vapi
  • Saraswat International Academy, Vapi
  • Shree Jain Yuvak Mandal English medium school, (Chala)
  • Shree Krishna international school, (Gunjan)
  • Shree Swaminarayan Gurukul, (Bhilad)
  • Shree Swaminarayan Gurukul, (Chala)
  • Shree Swaminarayan Gurukul, (Salvav)
  • Shreeji Education school
  • Smt. Sandraben Shroff Gyan Dham High School (Gunjan)
  • St. Andrews Higher Secondary School, Near Haria Park, Vapi*
  • St. Francis' High School. (Chala)
  • St. Joseph's School
  • St. Mary’s school (Chanod colony)
  • St. Thomas English Medium School, (Chala)
  • St. Xavier's High School, Vapi (Koparli road)
  • Upasana Lions English Medium School (Gunjan)
  • Vapi Public School (vatar)
  • Vidhya vikash Hindi school. (sarasvati nagar)
  • marothia English medium school (dungra colony)
  • St. Lords International School, Chanod, Vapi
  • Smt. Z.H.Shah Sarvajanik high school(Dungra,vapi)
  • Saraswati Vidhyadham English Medium School(Dungri Faliya,Vapi)
  • Government Secondary School(chanod,vapi)

M.d Vidyalaya

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Vapi City Population Census 2011 | Gujarat". www.census2011.co.in. Retrieved 23 October 2017.
  2. ^ "'Vapi most polluted industrial cluster again' - The Times of India". Timesofindia.indiatimes.com. 20 May 2012. Retrieved 17 July 2014.
  3. ^ http://kampun.com
  4. ^ http://www.jaychemicals.co.in/sustainability.aspx
  5. ^ http://riyoindia.com/location.php?action=about