Varanasi Junction railway station

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Varanasi Junction

Indian Railway station
Varanasi Railway Station.JPG
LocationVaranasi, Varanasi District, Uttar Pradesh
Coordinates25°19′37″N 82°59′11″E / 25.32694°N 82.98639°E / 25.32694; 82.98639Coordinates: 25°19′37″N 82°59′11″E / 25.32694°N 82.98639°E / 25.32694; 82.98639
Elevation80.71 metres (264.8 ft)
Owned byIndian railways
Operated byNorth-eastern railway/Varanasi Railway division
Line(s)Varanasi-Faizabad-Lucknow main line
Varanasi–Rae Bareli–Lucknow line
Varanasi-Sultanpur-Lucknow Line
Varanasi-Allahabad line
Varanasi-Mughalsarai line
Varanasi-Gorakhpur line
Platforms9 (3 under construction)
ConnectionsPrepaid Auto cum Taxi Stand
Structure typeStandard (on ground station)
Other information
Station codeBSB
Zone(s) Northern Railway
Division(s) Lucknow (NR)
Opened1872; 147 years ago (1872)
Previous namesBenares
Varanasi Junction railway station is located in Varanasi district
Varanasi Junction railway station
Varanasi Junction railway station
Location within Varanasi district

Varanasi Junction, popularly known as Varanasi Cantt Railway Station (Station code BSB) is the main railway station which serves the city of Varanasi. It is also the headquarter of Varanasi railway division of North Eastern Railway zone.


Varanasi railway station is an important hub for the eastern UP and Bihar.

It is headquarter of Varanasi railway division of North Eastern Railway zone and is being operated by the same. The division has a DRM as its head.

Its platforms numbered 6–9 come under the administrative control of Lucknow Division of the Northern Railway Zone.

The administration is led by the Station Director, Anand Mohan (IRTS) while the railway operations of Varanasi Area are handled by Area Officer, Siddhartha Verma (IRTS). Former Railway Minister Ms.Mamata Bannerjee included Varanasi Cant in World-Class Railway Stations development project.


The first railway line to Benares was opened from Howrah station in December 1862. George Turnbull, the Chief Engineer of the East Indian Railway Company was responsible for deciding the route and building the 541-mile line via Bandel, Burdwan, Rajmahal and Patna. This route up the Ganges plain, with few hills, was chosen because of the primitive railway engines then available.

The station was built on the right bank of the Ganges.

In 1872, the Oudh & Rohilkhand Railway Company opened the line from Benares to Lucknow. In 1887, Dufferin Bridge was constructed over the Ganges at Benares allowing trains to go to Mughalsarai.

The present station building on the city side was built while Kamlapati Tripathi was railway minister (1975–77). The cantonment-side building was opened in 1998 by the then railway minister Nitish Kumar. The circulating area was renovated in 2008.

Tourist Information Centre at Varanasi Railway Station, Varanasi


The Varanasi Cantonment Railway Station has a modern Route Interlock System with automated signalling system. Varanasi railway station was ranked 14 among 75 busiest A1 category stations on cleanliness scale. The station ranks 30th in overall ranking. Varanasi railway station handles a large number of passengers, with more than 250 trains daily.[1]

Important stations in Varanasi[edit]

There are some other important railway stations in the city in order to decrease the rush at Varanasi Junction. Some stations are :

Mughalsarai Junction railway station is located in suburban parts of Varanasi and it's one of the important railway stations in the country. The station serves the population of Varanasi.

Suburban stations in Varanasi[edit]

  • Mughalsarai Junction railway station
  • Sarnath Railway Station
  • Shivpur Railway Station
  • Babatpur Railway Station
  • Lohta Railway Station
  • Raja Talab Railway Station
  • Bhulanpur Railway Station
  • Aunrihar Railway Station


Some of the important trains that originate and pass through station are:


  1. ^ "Varanasi railway station ranks 14th on cleanliness scale".

External links[edit]