Location of Varanasi district in Uttar Pradesh
|• Lok Sabha constituencies||Varanasi|
|• Total||1,535 km2 (593 sq mi)|
|Time zone||UTC+05:30 (IST)|
Varanasi is a district in the north Indian state of Uttar Pradesh with Varanasi city as the district headquarters.It is also called as kashi, according to Hindu mythology it is one of the sacred places pilgrimage for Hindus as well as Buddhists. It is believed that Lord Shiva along with Parvathi as Vishwanatha and Vishalaakshi reside there to bless devotees. It is surrounded by Mirzapur district, Jaunpur district, Ghazipur district and Chandauli district. The Ganga (Ganges) river flows through the district. It is considered by Hindus to be a sacred and pure river, having the ability to wash away sins when people take a dip in it. Part of the Varanasi division, the district occupies an area of 1,535 square kilometres (593 sq mi) and as of the 2011[update] Census of India had a population of 3,682,194.
The district is made up of Five tehsils: Varanasi, Pindra, and Rajatalab, and eight Vidhan Sabha (Legislative Assembly) constituencies: Pindra, Ajagara, Shivpur, Rohaniya, Varanasi North, Varanasi South, Varanasi Cantt. and Sevapuri. (Assembly constituency)|Ramnagar]] (Assembly constituency)|Kapseti]]
According to the 2011 census Varanasi district has a population of 3,682,194, This gives it a ranking of 75th in India (out of a total of 640). The district has a population density of 2,399 inhabitants per square kilometre (6,210/sq mi) . Its population growth rate over the decade 2001-2011 was 17.32%. Varanasi has a sex ratio of 909 females for every 1000 males, and a literacy rate of 77.05%.
- Bhojpuri and Hindi are spoken in Varanasi and written in Devanagari scripts.
- Urdu is written in the Nastaliq style of the Persian alphabet.
- Sanskrit is the oldest language here. It is also taught in Varanasi.
- "Official Census". Retrieved 10 March 2014.
- "Rajatalab tehsil inaugurated". The Times of India. The Times of India. Retrieved 23 July 2017.
- "Varanasi District Population, Caste, Religion Data (Uttar Pradesh) - Census 2011". censusindia.co.in. Retrieved 9 April 2019.
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