Armenian: Վարդանանց Հրապարակ
The equestrian statue of Vartan Mamikonian and Gyumri City Hall at the Vartanants Square
|Architectural style(s)||mix of Armenian, Russian and neoclassical|
|Governing body||Gyumri City Council|
Vartanants Square (Armenian: Վարդանանց Հրապարակ Vartanants Hraparak) or Vardanants Square, is the large central town square in Gyumri, Armenia. It is bordered by the Abovyan street from the west, Gai street from the north, Shahumyan street from the east and Vahan Cheraz street from the south. It has a rectangular shape (280 by 140 meters).
The square was known as the May Uprising Square (Armenian: Մայիսյան Ապստամբության հրապարակ), named after the failed Bolshevik uprising against the Dashnak government of the First Republic of Armenia in May 1920. The square was opened during the 1930s under the Soviet rule, based on the original plan of Alexander Tamanian and the revised plan of D. Chislian.
The square is decorated with several fountains with a memorial to the Battle of Avarayr at the central part. The memorial was erected in 2008 and includes a group of historic Armenian figures who led the Armenian army's campaign against Sassanid Persia. The equestrian statue of Vartan Mamikonian is erected at the centre of the memorial. The other four statues depict the Catholicos Hovsep I of Armenia, Ghevond Yerets, V. Mamikonian's mother and the prince Arshavir II of Kamsarakan.
Buildings around the square
The square is surrounded with many significant buildings:
- The Gyumri City Hall built in 1933, occupies the eastern side.
- The 19th-century Church of the Holy Saviour to the south of the square.
- The 19th-century Cathedral of the Holy Mother of God north and the "October" cinema hall of 1926, on the northern side.
- A hotel built in 1927 on the western edge of the square.
Holly mass by Pope Francis at the square