|• Mayor (2021–26)||Gerd-Christian Wagner (SPD)|
|• Total||113.53 km2 (43.83 sq mi)|
|Highest elevation||12 m (39 ft)|
|Lowest elevation||0 m (0 ft)|
|• Density||210/km2 (550/sq mi)|
|Time zone||UTC+01:00 (CET)|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC+02:00 (CEST)|
Varel (German pronunciation: [ˈfaːʁəl] (listen)) is a town in the district of Friesland, in Lower Saxony, Germany. It is situated near the Jade River and the Jade Bight, approximately 15 kilometres (9.3 mi) south of Wilhelmshaven and 30 kilometres (19 mi) north of Oldenburg. With a population of 23,984 (2020) it is the biggest town in the district of Friesland.
The environment of Varel is shaped by agriculture, forests and the sea.
Jade in the district of Wesermarsch is the Eastern neighbour municipality of Varel. In the South of Varel one will find the municipalities Rastede and Wiefelstede which are part of the district of Ammerland. The municipality of Bockhorn is located in the West of Varel. Bockhorn is also part of the district of Friesland.
Segmentation of the city
Varel is segmented into 21 localities. Besides the downtown area these are Altjührden, Borgstede, Büppel, Dangast, Dangastermoor, Grünenkamp, Hohelucht, Hohenberge, Jeringhave, Jethausen, Langendamm, Moorhausen, Neudorf, Neuenwege, Obenstrohe, Rallenbüschen, Rosenberg, Seghorn, Streek and Winkelsheide. Further villages in the municipality are Almsee, Bramloge, Brunne, Jethausermoor, Logemoor, Plaggenkrug, Rahling, Rotenhahn, Schwarzenberg, Tange, Vareler Schleuse and Wilkenhausen.
Usage of areas
A little more than three fourths of the area of Varel is agricultural land. The size of the forest – around ten percent of the total size – is remarkably high for a city at the North Sea coast.
The castle church is the oldest building in Varel. The first part of the church is believed to have been built in 1144. The tower was added between 1200 and 1250, originally as twin towers, which were rebuilt in today's form first in 1651 and then in 1737. The altar, font and pulpit were carved in 1613 – 1618 by Ludwig Münstermann. The altar is nearly 10 metres (33 ft) high and is one of the main works of Northern German Mannerism.
Before the Protestant Reformation, the patron saint was Saint Peter. Today, the castle church is a Lutheran church, with no patron saint. The church was formerly one of the buildings of the castle, which was demolished in the 19th century soon after a fire destroyed most parts of it.
- Charlotte Sophie Bentinck (1715–1800), confidante of Voltaire and Frederick the Great
- Johann Gerhard Oncken (1800–1884), founder of the German and continental European Baptist churches
- Lothar Meyer (1830–1895), developed about the same time and independent of Dmitri Mendeleev modern periodic table of the elements
- Oskar Emil Meyer (1834–1909), physicist
- Frederick Ludwig Hoffman (1865–1946), statistician
- Wilhelm Hegeler (1870–1943), writer
- Carl Carls (1880–1958), chess champion
- Erich Heckel (1883–1979), painter
- Karl Schmidt-Rottluff (1884–1976), expressionist painter and printmaker
- Friedrich Wegener (1907–1990), pathologist
- Hildegard Behrens (1937–2009), singer (dramatic soprano)
- Hans-Paul Bürkner (born 1951), CEO of the Boston Consulting Group
- Heiko Daxl (1957–2012), media artist, exhibition curator, art gallery owner and design / art collector
- Ines Varenkamp (born 1963), cyclist
- Markus Eichler (born 1982), cyclist
- Massiv in Mensch (founded in 1996), industrial musical duo
- Esther Henseleit (born 1999), professional golfer
Varel is twinned with:
- "Direktwahlen in Niedersachsen vom 12. September 2021" (PDF). Landesamt für Statistik Niedersachsen. 13 October 2021.
- "LSN-Online Regionaldatenbank, Tabelle A100001G: Fortschreibung des Bevölkerungsstandes, Stand 31. Dezember 2021" (in German). Landesamt für Statistik Niedersachsen.
- Varel, Stadt. "Zahlen, Daten, Fakten". Stadt Varel.
- "Stadt Varel - Sehenswürdigkeiten". Archived from the original on 4 March 2016. Retrieved 4 March 2016.
- Greater Jackson Chamber of Commerce Archived 26 July 2011 at the Wayback Machine, 5 June 2002; retrieved on 11 September 2009.
- Official site (in German)