Pedestrian area in Varel
|• Mayor||Gerd-Christian Wagner (SPD)|
|• Total||113.53 km2 (43.83 sq mi)|
|Elevation||0 - 12 m (−39 ft)|
|• Density||210/km2 (550/sq mi)|
|Time zone||CET/CEST (UTC+1/+2)|
Varel ([ˈfaːʁəl]) is a town in the district of Friesland, in Lower Saxony, Germany. It is situated near the Jade River and the Jade Bight, approximately 15 kilometres (9.3 mi) south of Wilhelmshaven and 30 kilometres (19 mi) north of Oldenburg.
The castle church is the oldest building in Varel. The first part of the church is believed to have been built in 1144. The tower was added between 1200 and 1250, originally as twin towers, which were rebuilt in today's form first in 1651 and then in 1737. The altar, font and pulpit were carved in 1613 – 1618 by Ludwig Münstermann. The altar is nearly 10 metres (33 ft) high and is one of the main works of Northern German Mannerism.
Before the Protestant Reformation, the patron saint was Saint Peter. Today, the castle church is a Lutheran church, with no patron saint. The church was formerly one of the buildings of the castle, which was demolished in the 19th century soon after a fire destroyed most parts of it.
- Heiko Daxl (born 1957)
- Erich Heckel (1883-1979), painter
- Massiv in Mensch
- Karl Schmidt-Rottluff
- Lothar Meyer (1830–1895), chemist
- Johann Gerhard Oncken (1800–1884), Baptist preacher
- Friedrich Wegener (1907–1990)
- Hans-Paul Bürkner (born 1951), CEO of the Boston Consulting Group
- Markus Eichler (born 1982), cyclist
- Charlotte Sophie Bentinck (1715-1800), confidante of Voltaire and Frederick the Great
- Johann Gerhard Oncken (1800-1884), founder of the German and continental European Baptist churches
- Lothar Meyer (1830-1895) developed about the same time and independent of Dmitri Mendeleev modern periodic table of the elements
- Oskar Emil Meyer (1834-1909), German physicist
- Wilhelm Hegeler (1870-1943), writer
- Carl Carls (1880-1958), German chess champion
- Friedrich Wegener (1907-1990), German pathologist
- Hildegard Behrens (1937-2009), singer (dramatic soprano)
- Ines Varenkamp (born 1963), cyclist
Varel is twinned with:
- Landesamt für Statistik Niedersachsen, 100 Bevölkerungsfortschreibung – Basis Zensus 2011, Stand 31. Dezember 2016
- "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2016-03-04. Retrieved 2016-03-04.
- Greater Jackson Chamber of Commerce Archived 2011-07-26 at the Wayback Machine., 5 June 2002; retrieved on 11 September 2009.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Varel.|
|Wikivoyage has a travel guide for Varel.|
- Official site (in German)
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