Varendra

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Varendra region in Bangladesh
Coin of a king of the Kaibartas in Varendra, circa 640-730 CE.

Varendra (or Barind) was a region of North Bengal, now in Bangladesh.[1] It included the Pundravardhana or Pundra Kingdom region currently part of Rangpur and Rajshahi Division of Bangladesh.

According to Cunningham the boundary of Varendra was the Ganges and the Mahananda on the west, the Karatoya on the east, the Padma on the south and the land between Koochbihar and the Terai on the north.[2]

History[edit]

Historical evidence attests significant presence of Brahmins in Bengal during the Maurya period. The Jain Acharya Bhadrabahu, regarded to be the preceptor of Chandragupta Maurya, is said to have been born in Brahmin family of Pundravardhana (or Puṇḍra the region north of the Ganges and west of Brahmaputra in Bengal, later known as Vārendra). Such evidences suggest Puṇḍra or Vārendra and regions west of Bhagirathi (called Radha in ancient age) to be seats of Brahmins from ancient times; Rādhi and Varendra are still chief branches of Bengali Brahmins settled in these regions. Medium to large scale migrations of Brahmins from parts of India like Bhumihar brahmin Kanyakubja region, Kolancha, southern India and Pushkar in Rajasthan, among other places, occurred from time to time, especially during Pala and Sena periods.varendra Brahmins also known as Bhumihar brahmins the land lord brahmins written by Y.N Bhattacharya .Bhumihar and varendra from same family land lord parts of kanukubj like jujhotiyaa or Bhumihar.Bhumihar are an influential Hindu sub-caste who have traditionally resided in fertile regions of Indo-Gangetic plains of North India, in the states of Bihar, Uttar Pradesh and Jharkhand. They both brahmins were referred to as Baabhans (बाभन) too, an apabhramsha word for Brahmin. According to HC Raychoudhuri the Gupta dyansty originated from the Varendri region. According to the Khalimpur copper plate inscription, the first Pala Emperor Gopala was the son of a warrior named Vapyata. The Ramacharitam attests that Varendra (North Bengal) was the fatherland (Janakabhu) of the Palas.

Traditionally, Bengali Brahmins are divided into the following categories:

  • Rādhi, from the Rarh region southwest of the Ganges
  • Barendra, from the Varendra or Puṇḍra region. Vārendra originally meant rain-maker magicians.

Modern usage[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ History of Ancient Bengal, Ramesh Chandra Majumdar, 1971
  2. ^ Varendra in Banglapedia