Varma Mutual Pension Insurance Company

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search
Varma Mutual Pension Insurance Company
Mutual company
IndustryInsurance services
Founded1998 [1]
Key people
Risto Murto (CEO), Jari Paasikivi (Chairman of the Board)
Revenue€8,707.7 million (2017) [2]
€1,523.8 million (2017) [2]
€5.9 million (2017) [2]
Total assets€37,352.1 million (2017) [2]
Number of employees
524 (2017) [2]
Ruoholahti from a hot air balloon in 2010. Varma's main office in Salmisaari is in the foreground.

Varma Mutual Pension Insurance Company (Finnish: Keskinäinen työeläkevakuutusyhtiö Varma) is the largest private investor and one of the largest earning-related pension insurance companies in Finland.[3][4][5] In Finland, pension insurance is the responsibility of the employer, and Varma has 70,000 employer customers who have 870,000 workers insured.[6] In addition to managing statutory TyEL insurance for employees and YEL insurance for the self-employed, Varma offers its customers vocational rehabilitation and well-being at work services which support workability and help people to remain in working life longer. Varma is a mutual company and its’ head office is located in Salmisaari, Helsinki.[7]

In 2017, Varma paid out pensions in the amount of EUR 5.5 billion to 342,600 people and made 24,510 new pension decisions. Premiums written amounted to EUR 4.9 billion, and at year-end 537,240 people were insured with Varma.[2] Varma is responsible for the pension cover of some 880,000 Finns.[8]


Board of Directors[edit]

The members of Varma's board of directors are chairman Jari Paasikivi, deputy chairmen Antti Palola and Kai Telanne, and regular members Riku Aalto, Johanna Ikäheimo, Rolf Jansson, Ari Kaperi, Casimir Lindholm, Jyri Luomakoski, Petri Niemisvirta, Ilkka Oksala and Pekka Piispanen.[9]

Executive Group[edit]

The members of Varma's executive group are, in addition to president & CEO Risto Murto, Tiina Kurki, Ville-Veikko Laukkanen, Pasi Mustonen, Pekka Pajamo, Reima Rytsölä, Katri Viippola and employee representative Eeva Hautala. The secretary for the executive group is the head of legal affairs, Tuula Kallio. Varma's chief actuary is Pasi Mustonen, and the company's senior physician is Jukka Kivekäs. [10]


Varma is the largest private investor in Finland. The invested assets are used to secure present and future pensions. Varma invests the assets it collects as pension contributions for current and future pensions. Varma's investment assets in 2017 amounted to approximately EUR 45 billion, 28% of which has been invested in Finnish society. The company mainly invests in fixed income, equity, real estate investments, and in hedge funds.[3][11]

Real Estate[edit]

According to a report by KTI Property Information Ltd, Varma was the fourth largest real estate investor in Finland in 2017, and the value of the company's real estate investments totalled approximately EUR 3.6 billion at the end of September. Domestic real estate investments accounted for 80 per cent and international real estate investments for 20 per cent of Varma's real estate portfolio.[12] Varma's real estate portfolio includes both direct real estate investments in Finland and domestic and international real estate funds. Varma's real estate assets are diversified according to both type of premise and geographical location. Varma offers rental flats, but the office and business premises owned by the company hold the most weight. In December 2017, the value of Varma's real estate fund investments totalled EUR 805 million.[13]


In 2017, Varma's investment portfolio yielded a return of 6.2 per cent, i.e. EUR 2.7 billion, and the return on investments doubled compared to the previous year. Of Varma's investments, equity investments generated the highest returns, at 9.6 per cent (3.2% in 2016), and of those, listed equities performed the strongest, yielding 10.8 per cent (1.5%). Equities listed in Finland yielded a return of 14.9 per cent.[14]

Sustainable equity portfolio[edit]

Varma began building a sustainable equity portfolio in summer 2016. The portfolio invests in companies that benefit from climate change mitigation and which have clear targets concerning climate change or do not incur major costs from adapting to climate change.[15] At the end of 2016, the value of the portfolio was roughly EUR 300 million and it comprised companies from developed markets operating in various business sectors, including both industrial and consumer companies.[15]

In March 2017, Varma's portfolio was named the winner in the category of “best achievement in responsible investment of 2016” among Nordic investors.[16] The competition was arranged by Institutional Investor magazine.[17]

Varma's investment portfolio was also, alongside other major Finnish pension investors, part of an assessment conducted by the World Wide Fund for Nature in 2017 to determine how well-aligned the renewable energy and coal investments of significant European investors are with the Paris climate agreement. The head of WWF Finland considered Finnish investment to be good.[18] In 2017, the carbon footprint of Varma's listed equity investments declined by 27% compared to the 2015 baseline. This result was achieved by increasing the share of low-emissions industries and by avoiding emissions-intensive industries such as energy and mining.[15]


Varma was launched on 1 July 1998, when Pension Sampo and some two thirds of Pension Varma merged.[19]

At the end of 2017 there were 537,241 individuals insured by Varma, and the number of valid insurance policies was 61,493 covering 35,918 self-employed persons and 501,323 employees.[2]

Social responsibility[edit]

Varma has provided support to the Finnish National Opera and Ballet for several years. In 2016, Varma donated a total of approximately EUR 10,000 to various foundations, with Suomen Teollisuuslääketieteen Edistämissäätiö (the Finnish foundation for the promotion of industrial medicine) receiving the largest share.[20]

Varma began introducing solar power in its properties in 2016, when two office buildings in Helsinki were equipped with solar power systems. In autumn 2017, Varma installed 5,000 more solar panels in its new solar power plants in seven properties. [21]

Charging points for 250 electric cars were installed in Varma's parking facility in spring 2017. The charging system is among the largest in the world. The installer, Parking Energy Ltd., received product development support for the project from Tekes.[22]

Varma supports the growth of Finnish companies through Kasvu Open, a sparring programme for Small and medium-sized enterprises,[23] and through the Growth Collective Finland movement for mid-sized “scale-up” companies.[24]


In 2017, Varma's pension specialist Outi Viljanen was voted the best customer service agent in Finland in the Customer's Voice survey.[25]


  1. ^ "Varma Keskinäinen työeläkevakuutusyhtiö". Finder. Retrieved 28 March 2018.
  2. ^ a b c d e f g "Varma's financial statements 2017" (PDF). Retrieved 28 March 2018.
  3. ^ a b "Ilmarinen hotkaisee Eteran - kasvaa isommaksi kuin Varma". Kauppalehti. Retrieved 28 March 2018.
  4. ^ Varma Annual Report, 2013.
  5. ^ "Suomen suurin sijoittaja vähensi pörssiomistuksiaan miljardilla eurolla". Helsingin Sanomat. Retrieved 28 March 2018.
  6. ^
  7. ^ "Varma's homepage". Varma. Retrieved 10 April 2018.
  8. ^ "Varma's annual and csr report 2017" (PDF). Varma. Retrieved 10 April 2018.
  9. ^ "Varma's Board of Directors". Varma. Retrieved 11 April 2018.
  10. ^ "Varma's Executive Group". Varma. Retrieved 13 April 2018.
  11. ^ "Varma's Executive Group". Varma. Retrieved 13 April 2018.
  12. ^ "Eläkeyhtiöt sijoittivat satojen miljoonien edestä ulkomaille – kiinteistösijoittamiseen syntyi "uusi musta" Dec 7, 2017". Talouselämä. Retrieved 13 April 2018.
  13. ^ "Varma's Real Estate". Varma. Retrieved 13 April 2018.
  14. ^ "Varman sijoitukset tuottivat tammi-syyskuussa 6,2 prosenttia - Suomi-osakkeet veturina". Arvopaperi. Retrieved 13 April 2018.
  15. ^ a b c "Varma sijoittaa ison potin kestävään kehitykseen 23 Nov 2016". Kauppalehti. Retrieved 13 April 2018.
  16. ^ "Miehisen sijoitusmaailman trendi, jossa naiset jyräävät 27 Aug 2017". Kauppalehti. Retrieved 13 April 2018.
  17. ^ "Varman kestävän kehityksen salkku voitti pohjoismaisen vastuullisen sijoittamisen palkinnon 31 March 2017". Varma. Retrieved 13 April 2018.
  18. ^ "Suomalaiset eläkeyhtiöt eurooppalaista kärkeä ilmastonmuutoksen torjunnassa 4 July 2017". WWF. Retrieved 13 April 2018.
  19. ^ "Varma to chronicle company's history". Varma. Retrieved 13 April 2018.
  20. ^ "Varma's Corporate Governance". Varma. Retrieved 13 April 2018.
  21. ^ "Varman kiinteistöjen katolle nousee 5000 aurinkopaneelia –". (in Finnish). Retrieved 2018-04-13.
  22. ^ "Salmisaareen tulee yksi maailman suurimmista sähköautojen latausjärjestelmistä". Retrieved 2018-04-13.
  23. ^ "Mahdollistajat / Kasvu Open". (in Finnish). Retrieved 2018-04-13.
  24. ^ "Etusivu". (in Finnish). Retrieved 2018-04-13.
  25. ^ "Näin toimii Suomen paras asiakaspalvelija, kun palaute tulee "täydellä tykityksellä"". Ilta-Sanomat (in Finnish). 2017-05-13. Retrieved 2018-04-13.

External links[edit]