Varna Airport

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Varna Airport

Летище Варна
Varna airport logo.svg
Varna airport.jpg
Summary
Airport typePublic
OwnerState-owned
OperatorFraport Twin Star Airport Management AD
ServesVarna
LocationVarna, Bulgaria
Opened1947 (1947)
Hub for
Elevation AMSL70 m / 230 ft
Coordinates43°13′55″N 27°49′31″E / 43.23194°N 27.82528°E / 43.23194; 27.82528Coordinates: 43°13′55″N 27°49′31″E / 43.23194°N 27.82528°E / 43.23194; 27.82528
Websitevarna-airport.bg
Map
VAR is located in Bulgaria
VAR
VAR
Location of airport in Bulgaria
Runways
Direction Length Surface
m ft
09/27 2,517 8,258 Asphalt
Statistics (2021)
Passengers1,004,000 Increase89.0%
Aircraft movements8,128 Increase20.0%
Source: Bulgarian AIP at EUROCONTROL

Varna Airport (Bulgarian: Летище Варна, romanizedLetishte Varna) (IATA: VAR, ICAO: LBWN) is the airport of Varna, the historical maritime capital of Bulgaria. Varna Airport is the third largest airport in Bulgaria. It is located 10 kilometers from the center of Varna near the town of Aksakovo. The airport serves Varna, Golden Sands and northeastern Bulgaria. The busiest season for the airport is from the end of May to the beginning of October.

History[edit]

The history of the airport dates back to 1916 when two sheds for the first hydro-port in Bulgaria were built in the Peinerdzhik area (present-day Chaika residential area).[citation needed] Irregular mail-plane service from Sofia to Varna was held between 1919 and 1920 and it was not until 1947 that a permanent airline between the two cities was established. What had grown into Tihina Airport was situated west of the present-day Asparuhov bridge and was indeed quite primitive for the demands of a modern city.[citation needed] Thus in 1946 a decision was made and a new airport was constructed several kilometres west of the city, near the village (now town) of Aksakovo, with local people enthusiastically working on the site together with the constructors. Construction and improvement continued throughout the years, with a new terminal built in 1972 and a new runway in 1974.[citation needed]

In 2013, a new passenger terminal opened and the one constructed in the 20th century was closed down.

There are domestic and international flights from Varna to about 70 destinations in 25 countries, with Bulgarian and foreign airlines. The airport is close to the Port of Varna and the railway system. The airport has one asphalt-covered runway 09/27 with ILS CAT I system on 09 edge and a parking apron for 24 aircraft. In June 2006 the Bulgarian Government awarded Fraport AG Frankfurt Airport Services Worldwide a 35-year-long concession on both Varna and Burgas airports in return for investments exceeding €500 million, including a new passenger terminal by 2008.

From 15 October 2011 until 28 February 2012, Varna airport was closed for a reconstruction of the runway. All flights were operated to/from Burgas Airport.[1]

In 2016 the airport handled 1,689,595 passengers - a 20.8% increase compared to 2015.

Terminals[edit]

The airport has three terminals: Terminal 1, built in 1972 (closed), Terminal 3 (opened in June 2007), which was used during the summer season, and the new Terminal 2, opened in August 2013.

Terminal 1[edit]

Terminal 1 (closed) was extended several times over the years. The departures area had 21 check-in counters and six security checkpoints. In the terminal there were various outlets: cafes, fast food restaurants, currency exchange, and duty-free shops. There were ten boarding gates. The arrivals area had two luggage belts, as well as currency exchange and a tax-free shop. Terminal 1 still has a VIP room and business lounge. In 2010 the VIP room was renovated. As of 2014, all flights, including no-frills, are managed by Terminal 2. Hence, the old terminal is closed except the VIP area.

Terminal 2[edit]

Terminal 2 started operations on 18 August 2013. In December 2011 the construction work on the new Terminal 2 began. T2 has a capacity of 1,800,000 passengers per year and 25 check-in desks. It covers an area of 18,000 square metres. T2's buildings are designed so that their capacity can be increased as an extension to the existing architectural part.[clarification needed] The first passenger service on T2 was a domestic flight to Sofia operated by the national carrier Bulgaria Air and first international passengers served were on a Belavia flight from Minsk. T2 was designed by London-based architecture firm Pascall+Watson.[citation needed]

Airlines and destinations[edit]

The following airlines operate regular scheduled and charter flights at Varna Airport:[2]

AirlinesDestinations
Austrian Airlines Vienna
Avion Express Seasonal charter: Vilnius
Bulgaria Air Sofia
Seasonal: Burgas, Tel Aviv
Seasonal Charter: Kaunas
easyJet Seasonal: Berlin, London–Gatwick
Edelweiss Air Seasonal: Zürich
European Air Charter Seasonal: Hamburg
Eurowings Seasonal: Cologne/Bonn, Düsseldorf, Hamburg,[3] Stuttgart
Eurowings Discover Seasonal: Frankfurt[4]
Finnair Seasonal: Helsinki
LOT Polish Airlines Seasonal: Budapest, Katowice,[5] Warsaw–Chopin[6]
Lufthansa Seasonal: Frankfurt, Munich[7]
Luxair Seasonal: Luxembourg[8]
Norwegian Air Shuttle Seasonal: Copenhagen, Helsinki, Oslo
Ryanair Vienna
Seasonal: Sofia
Smartwings Seasonal: Brno, Lyon,[9] Nantes, Ostrava, Paris–Charles de Gaulle, Prague
Sunclass Airlines Seasonal charter: Bergen, Copenhagen, Helsinki, Oslo-Gardermoen, Stavanger, Stockholm-Arlanda, Trondheim
TAROM Seasonal charter: Baia Mare, Cluj-Napoca, Timișoara[10]
TUI Airways Seasonal: London–Gatwick, Manchester[11]
TUI fly Belgium Seasonal: Brussels, Ostend/Bruges
Seasonal charter: Lille, Nantes,[12] Paris–Charles de Gaulle
Turkish Airlines Istanbul
Volotea Seasonal: Lille,[13] Nantes
Wizz Air Berlin, Charleroi, Cologne/Bonn, Dortmund, Eindhoven, Hahn, Hamburg, Karlsruhe/Baden-Baden, Larnaca, Liverpool, London–Gatwick,[14] London–Luton, Memmingen, Nuremberg, Prague, Tel Aviv, Vienna

Statistics[edit]

The runway
Terminal 2 gate area
Airport building by night

Traffic[edit]

Annual passenger traffic at VAR airport. See source Wikidata query.
Traffic at Varna Airport
Year Domestic
passengers
Change International
passengers
Change Total
passengers
Change Aircraft
movements
Change
1998 35,208 238,470 273,678
1999 57,955 Increase 64.6% 453,864 Increase 90.3% 511,819 Increase 87%
2000 67,508 Increase 16.5% 624,181 Increase 37.5% 691,689 Increase 35.1% 9,425
2001 48,121 Decrease 28.7% 884,428 Increase 41.7% 932,549 Increase 34.8% 9,549 Increase 1.3%
2002 45,457 Decrease 5.5% 1,045,252 Increase 12.1% 1,090,709 Increase 16.9% 9,006 Decrease 5.7%
2003 41,583 Decrease 8.5% 1,144,766 Increase 9.5% 1,186,349 Increase 8.8% 10,107 Increase 12.2%
2004 47,575 Increase 14.4% 1,271,552 Increase 11.1% 1,319,127 Increase 11.2% 11,277 Increase 11.6%
2005 49,705 Increase 4.5% 1,496,175 Increase 17.7% 1,546,925 Increase 17.3% 13,616 Increase 20.7%
2006 54,243 Increase 9.1% 1,468,415 Decrease 1.8% 1,522,658 Decrease 1.6% 14,721 Increase 8.1%
2007 79,058 Increase 45.7% 1,399,035 Decrease 4.7% 1,478,093 Decrease 2.9% 14,971 Increase 1.7%
2008 119,459 Increase 51.1% 1,313,244 Decrease 6.1% 1,432,703 Decrease 3.1% 15,129 Increase 1.1%
2009 155,734 Increase 30.4% 1,050,801 Decrease 20% 1,206,535 Decrease 15.8% 12,699 Decrease 16.1%
2010 154,974 Decrease 0.5% 1,043,982 Decrease 0.6% 1,198,956 Decrease 0.6% 12,577 Decrease 1.0%
2011 117,431 Decrease 24.2% 1,046,453 Increase 0.2% 1,163,884 Decrease 2.9% 11,263 Decrease 10.4%
2012 126,952 Increase 8.1% 1,084,244 Increase 3.6% 1,211,196 Increase 4.1% 10,739 Decrease 4.7%
2013 130,668 Increase 2.9% 1,173,011 Increase 8.1% 1,303,679 Increase 7.6% 11,516 Increase 7.2%
2014 126,991 Decrease 2.8% 1,246,095 Increase 6.2% 1,387,494 Increase 5.2% 12,063 Increase 4.7%
2015 125,860 Decrease 0.9% 1,272,834 Increase 2.2% 1,398,694 Increase 0.8% 11,959 Decrease 0.9%
2016 134,548 Increase 6.9%[15] 1,536,594 Increase 20.7% 1,689,595 Increase 20.8% 14,818 Increase 23.9%
2017[16] Increase Increase 1,970,700 Increase 16.6% 15,950 Increase 7.6%
2018[17] Increase Increase 2,281,134 Increase 15.8% 17,776 Increase 11.4%
2019 Decrease Decrease 2,084,319 Decrease 8.7% 15,468 Decrease 13.0%
2020[18] Decrease Decrease 622,215 Decrease 70.1% 6,881 Decrease 55.5%
2021 (January)[18] Decrease Decrease 20,468 Decrease 72.0% 270 Decrease 57.5%

Ground transport[edit]

Bus line 409 connects the airport with Varna city center and resorts nearby (route: Varna Airport – Mall Varna – Varna Bus Station / Grand Mall – City Center – Saints Constantine and Helena - Golden Sands).[19]

Incidents and accidents[edit]

  • On 5 June 1992, Balkan Bulgarian Airlines Tupolev 154B overran runway 27 in bad weather conditions. There were no casualties, but the plane was written off.[20]
  • On 24 May 2013, Air VIA flight 502 from Leipzig/Halle to Varna overran runway 09 at Varna Airport after touchdown. Two passengers were injured during evacuation.[21][22]
  • On July 8, 2014, Lars Mittank, a German vacationing in Golden Sands, mysteriously disappeared near Varna Airport. Mittank had been alone in Bulgaria the previous two days and reported to be behaving strangely, and was last seen on security cameras fleeing from the airport into the surrounding forest.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Varna Airport Closes for Runway Overhaul in October". Retrieved 7 June 2015.
  2. ^ "Flight Search". www.varna-airport.com. 10 September 2020.
  3. ^ Liu, Jim. "Eurowings expands Varna service in 3Q20". Routesonline. Retrieved 7 July 2020.
  4. ^ https://www.lufthansaexperts.com/shared/files/lufthansa/public/mcms/folder_102/folder_6718/file_152223.pdf[bare URL PDF]
  5. ^ "LOT wykona z Katowic rejsy czarterowe dla Rainbow Tours". pasazer.com.
  6. ^ "Nowe trasy z Polski. Przewoźnik zapowiada inauguracyjny rejs". tvn24bis.pl.
  7. ^ "Lufthansa: Jetzt für den Sommer buchen - Lufthansa Group".
  8. ^ "Varna | Luxair". Archived from the original on 22 July 2018.
  9. ^ "SmartWings.com - Cheap flights not only around Europe". www.smartwings.com.
  10. ^ TAROM begin seasonal charter flights to Varna from Baia Mare, Cluj-Napoca and Timisoara from June 2022
  11. ^ "Flight Timetable - TUI Airways". www.tui.co.uk.
  12. ^ TUI fly Belgium begin seasonal service to Varna on route Lille-Varna-Nantes-Lille
  13. ^ "Volotea : Trois nouvelles destinations au départ de Lille-Lesquin". 23 February 2022.
  14. ^ "Wizz Air стартира полети от Варна и Бургас до Лондон Гетуик от юни 2022". 27 January 2022.
  15. ^ "Главна дирекция "Гражданска въздухоплавателна администрация"". www.caa.bg.
  16. ^ "Archived copy" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 8 February 2018. Retrieved 7 February 2018.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  17. ^ "Monthly traffic figures" (PDF). 2018.
  18. ^ a b "Monthly traffic figures" (PDF). 2020.
  19. ^ "Начало". Archived from the original on 1 September 2013. Retrieved 7 June 2015.
  20. ^ Harro Ranter (5 June 1992). "ASN Aircraft accident Tupolev 154B LZ-BTD Varna Airport (VAR)". Retrieved 7 June 2015.
  21. ^ "Морски - Самолет излезе от пистата на летище Варна, две жени са със счупени крайници (допълнена и видео) - видео - Dnevnik.bg". www.dnevnik.bg. 24 May 2013. Retrieved 7 June 2015.
  22. ^ "The Aviation Herald". Retrieved 7 June 2015.

External links[edit]

Media related to Varna Airport at Wikimedia Commons