Varna Airport

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Varna Airport
Летище Варна
VarnaAirport logo.png
VAR Terminal2.jpg
Summary
Airport type Public
Operator Fraport Twin Star Airport Management
Serves Varna, Bulgaria
Location Varna, Bulgaria
Hub for
Elevation AMSL 70 m / 230 ft
Coordinates 43°13′55″N 27°49′31″E / 43.23194°N 27.82528°E / 43.23194; 27.82528Coordinates: 43°13′55″N 27°49′31″E / 43.23194°N 27.82528°E / 43.23194; 27.82528
Website www.varna-airport.com
Map
VAR is located in Bulgaria
VAR
VAR
Location of airport in Bulgaria
Runways
Direction Length Surface
m ft
09/27 2,517 8,258 Asphalt
Statistics (2017)
Passengers 1,970,700 Increase16.6%
Aircraft movements 15,950 Increase7.6%
Source: Bulgarian AIP at EUROCONTROL

Varna Airport (Bulgarian: Летище Варна, Letishte Varna) (IATA: VAR, ICAO: LBWN) is the airport of Varna, the historical maritime capital of Bulgaria. Varna Airport is the third largest airport in Bulgaria and an important destination during the summer leisure seasons. The airport is located 10 kilometers from the center of Varna near the town of Aksakovo. The airport serves Varna, Golden Sands and northeastern Bulgaria. Domestic and international flights are available to about 116 destinations in 40 countries by more than 53 Bulgarian and foreign airlines. The busiest season for the airport is from the end of May to the beginning of October.

History[edit]

The history of the airport dates back to 1916 when two sheds for the first hydro-port in Bulgaria were built in the Peinerdzhik area (present-day Chaika residential area).[citation needed] Irregular mail-plane service from Sofia to Varna was held between 1919 and 1920 and it was not until 1947 that a permanent airline between the two cities was established. What had grown into Tihina Airport was situated west of the present-day Asparuhov bridge and was indeed quite primitive for the demands of a modern city.[citation needed] Thus in 1946 a decision was made and a new airport was constructed several kilometres west of the city, near the village (now town) of Aksakovo, with local people enthusiastically working on the site together with the constructors. Construction and improvement continued throughout the years, with a new terminal built in 1972 and a new runway in 1974.[citation needed]

In 2013, a new passenger terminal opened and the one constructed in the 20th century was closed down.

There are domestic and international flights from Varna to about 70 destinations in 25 countries, with Bulgarian and foreign airlines. The airport is close to the Port of Varna and the railway system. The airport has one asphalt-covered runway 09/27 with ILS CAT I system on 09 edge and a parking apron for 24 aircraft.

Currently Varna Airport is subject to heavy traffic with the growing tourism industry in Bulgaria and is in need of major investments to modernize, expand and handle projected passenger traffic. In June 2006 the Bulgarian Government awarded Fraport AG Frankfurt Airport Services Worldwide a 35-year-long concession on both Varna and Burgas airports in return for investments exceeding €500 million, including a new passenger terminal by 2008.

From 15 October 2011 until 28 February 2012, Varna airport was closed for a reconstruction of the runway. All flights were operated to/from Burgas Airport.[1]

In 2016 the airport handled 1,689,595 passengers - a 20.8% increase compared to 2015.

Terminals[edit]

The runway
Terminal 2 gate area

The airport has three terminals: Terminal 1, built in 1972 (closed), Terminal 3 (opened in June 2007), which was used during the summer season, and the new Terminal 2, opened in August 2013.

Terminal 1[edit]

Terminal 1 (closed) was extended several times over the years. The departures area had 21 check-in counters and six security checkpoints. In the terminal there were various outlets: cafes, fast food restaurants, currency exchange, and duty-free shops. There were ten boarding gates. The arrivals area had two luggage belts, as well as currency exchange and a tax-free shop. Terminal 1 still has a VIP room and business lounge. In 2010 the VIP room was renovated. As of 2014, all flights, including no-frills, are managed by Terminal 2. Hence, the old terminal is closed except the VIP area.

Terminal 2[edit]

Terminal 2 started operations on 18 August 2013. In December 2011 the construction work on the new Terminal 2 began. T2 has a capacity of 1,800,000 passengers per year and 25 check-in desks. It covers an area of 18,000 square metres. T2's buildings are designed so that their capacity can be increased as an extension to the existing architectural part. The first passenger service on T2 was a domestic flight to Sofia operated by the national carrier Bulgaria Air and first international passengers served were on a Belavia flight from Minsk. T2 was designed by London-based architecture firm Pascall+Watson.[citation needed]

Airlines and destinations[edit]

The following airlines operate regular scheduled and charter flights at Varna Airport:[2]

AirlinesDestinations
Aeroflot Seasonal: Saint Petersburg
Seasonal charter: Moscow-Vnukovo
Anda Air Seasonal charter: Kiev-Zhuliany
Armenia Aircompany Seasonal charter: Yerevan
Austrian Airlines Vienna
Azur Air Seasonal charter: Moscow-Domodedovo
Belavia Seasonal charter: Minsk-National
BH Air Seasonal: London-Gatwick, Manchester, Zürich
Seasonal charter: Billund, Burgas, Glasgow, Tehran-Imam Khomeini
BRA Braathens Regional Airlines Seasonal charter: Aalborg, Billund, Odense
Brussels Airlines Seasonal: Brussels
Bul Air Seasonal charter: Moscow-Vnukovo, Tehran-Imam Khomeini
Bulgaria Air Sofia
Seasonal: Burgas
Seasonal charter: Antalya, Bodrum, Bratislava, Copenhagen, Heraklion, Košice, Moscow-Sheremetyevo, Nantes, Paris-Charles de Gaulle, Rijeka, Saint Petersburg, Tel Aviv-Ben Gurion, Warsaw-Chopin, Wroclaw, Yerevan
Bulgarian Air Charter Seasonal charter: Beirut, Berlin-Schonefeld, Berlin-Tegel, Catania, Cologne/Bonn, Dresden, Düsseldorf, Erfurt/Weimar, Frankfurt, Hamburg, Hannover, Katowice, Kuwait, Leipzig/Halle, Munich, Munster/Osnabruck, Nuremberg, Paderborn/Lippstadt, Salzburg, Stuttgart, Tel Aviv-Ben Gurion, Vienna, Warsaw-Chopin
Condor Seasonal: Düsseldorf, Frankfurt, Hannover, Leipzig/Halle
Corendon Airlines Seasonal charter: Antalya
Corendon Airlines Europe Seasonal charter: Tel Aviv-Ben Gurion
easyJet Seasonal: Berlin-Schönefeld, London-Gatwick
Enter Air Seasonal charter: Gdańsk, Katowice, Poznań, Warsaw-Chopin, Wroclaw
Edelweiss Air Seasonal: Zürich
Eurowings Seasonal: Cologne/Bonn, Düsseldorf
Seasonal charter: Stuttgart
Finnair Seasonal: Helsinki
GermaniaSeasonal: Bremen, Friedrichshafen, Hamburg, Münster/Osnabrück, Nuremberg, Rostock
Israir Airlines Seasonal charter: Tel Aviv-Ben Gurion
Lufthansa Seasonal charter: Munich
Luxair Seasonal: Luxembourg
Mahan Air Seasonal charter: Tehran–Imam Khomeini
NordStar Seasonal charter: Moscow-Domodedovo[3]
Norwegian Air Shuttle Seasonal: Copenhagen, Helsinki, Oslo-Gardermoen
Pobeda Seasonal: Moscow-Vnukovo[4]
Primera Air Seasonal: Billund, Copenhagen
Qeshm Air Seasonal charter: Tehran–Imam Khomeini
Red Wings Airlines Seasonal charter: Moscow-Domodedovo, Saint Petersburg
Ryanair Charleroi (ends 25 October 2018)
Ryanair Sun Seasonal charter: Katowice, Kraków, Poznań, Warsaw-Chopin
S7 Airlines Moscow-Domodedovo
Small Planet Airlines Seasonal charter: Vilnius
Small Planet Airlines (Germany) Seasonal charter: Leipzig/Halle
Small Planet Airlines (Poland) Seasonal: Katowice, Warsaw-Chopin
SmartLynx Airlines Seasonal charter: Riga
Smartlynx Airlines Estonia Seasonal charter: Tallinn
SmartWings Seasonal: Brno, Lyon,[5] Nantes, Ostrava, Paris–Charles de Gaulle, Prague
Sundair Seasonal: Berlin-Tegel
SunExpress Seasonal charter: Antalya
SunExpress Deutschland Seasonal: Cologne/Bonn, Düsseldorf, Frankfurt, Hamburg, Hannover, Leipzig/Halle, Munich, Nuremberg, Stuttgart
Thomas Cook Airlines Seasonal: Birmingham, Manchester[6]
Thomas Cook Airlines Scandinavia Seasonal charter: Bergen, Bodø, Copenhagen, Gothenburg-Landvetter, Harstad/Narvik, Helsinki, Oslo-Gardermoen, Stavanger, Stockholm-Arlanda, Trondheim
Transavia Seasonal charter: Amsterdam
Travel Service Seasonal charter: Lille, Prague, Tel Aviv-Ben Gurion[2]
Travel Service Polska Seasonal charter: Katowice, Wroclaw
TUI Airways Seasonal: London-Gatwick, Manchester[7]
TUI fly Belgium Seasonal: Brussels, Ostend/Bruges
Seasonal charter: Lille, Nantes,[8] Paris–Charles de Gaulle
TUI fly Netherlands Seasonal: Amsterdam
Turkish Airlines Istanbul-Atatürk
Wings of Lebanon Seasonal charter: Beirut
Wizz Air Dortmund, Eindhoven, Larnaca, London-Luton, Memmingen, Vienna
Seasonal: Bergamo, Sofia, Tel Aviv-Ben Gurion[9]
Yakutia Airlines Seasonal charter: Moscow–Vnukovo[2]

Statistics[edit]

Traffic[edit]

Traffic at Varna Airport
Year Domestic
passengers
Change International
passengers
Change Total
passengers
Change Aircraft
movements
Change
1998
35,208
238,470
273,678
1999
57,955
Increase 64.6%
453,864
Increase 90.3%
511,819
Increase 87%
2000
67,508
Increase 16.5%
624,181
Increase 37.5%
691,689
Increase 35.1%
9,425
2001
48,121
Decrease 28.7%
884,428
Increase 41.7%
932,549
Increase 34.8%
9,549
Increase 1.3%
2002
45,457
Decrease 5.5%
1,045,252
Increase 12.1%
1,090,709
Increase 16.9%
9,006
Decrease 5.7%
2003
41,583
Decrease 8.5%
1,144,766
Increase 9.5%
1,186,349
Increase 8.8%
10,107
Increase 12.2%
2004
47,575
Increase 14.4%
1,271,552
Increase 11.1%
1,319,127
Increase 11.2%
11,277
Increase 11.6%
2005
49,705
Increase 4.5%
1,496,175
Increase 17.7%
1,546,925
Increase 17.3%
13,616
Increase 20.7%
2006
54,243
Increase 9.1%
1,468,415
Decrease 1.8%
1,522,658
Decrease 1.6%
14,721
Increase 8.1%
2007
79,058
Increase 45.7%
1,399,035
Decrease 4.7%
1,478,093
Decrease 2.9%
14,971
Increase 1.7%
2008
119,459
Increase 51.1%
1,313,244
Decrease 6.1%
1,432,703
Decrease 3.1%
15,129
Increase 1.1%
2009
155,734
Increase 30.4%
1,050,801
Decrease 20%
1,206,535
Decrease 15.8%
12,699
Decrease 16.1%
2010
154,974
Decrease 0.5%
1,043,982
Decrease 0.6%
1,198,956
Decrease 0.6%
12,577
Decrease 1.0%
2011
117,431
Decrease 24.2%
1,046,453
Increase 0.2%
1,163,884
Decrease 2.9%
11,263
Decrease 10.4%
2012
126,952
Increase 8.1%
1,084,244
Increase 3.6%
1,211,196
Increase 4.1%
10,739
Decrease 4.7%
2013
130,668
Increase 2.9%
1,173,011
Increase 8.1%
1,303,679
Increase 7.6%
11,516
Increase 7.2%
2014
126,991
Decrease 2.8%
1,246,095
Increase 6.2%
1,387,494
Increase 5.2%
12,063
Increase 4.7%
2015
125,860
Decrease 0.9%
1,272,834
Increase 2.2%
1,398,694
Increase 0.8%
11,959
Decrease 0.9%
2016
134,548
Increase 6.9%[10]
1,536,594
Increase 20.7%
1,689,595
Increase 20.8%
14,818
Increase 23.9%
2017[11]
Increase
Increase
1,970,700
Increase 16.6%
15,950
Increase 7.6%
2018 (01.01-31.08)[12]
Increase
Increase
1,751,708
Increase 19.8%
13,280
Increase 17.0%

Busiest routes[edit]

Busiest routes at Varna Airport[13][2]
City Airport(s) Weekly Departures
(Summer 2018)
Airline(s)
Russia Moscow Domodedovo Airport
Sheremetyevo Airport
Vnukovo Airport
39
Azur Air, NordStar, Red Wings Airlines, S7 Airlines
Bulgaria Air
Bul Air, Pobeda, Rossiya, Yakutia Airlines
Bulgaria Sofia Sofia Airport
24
Bulgaria Air, Wizz Air
Poland Katowice Katowice Airport
18
Bulgarian Air Charter, Enter Air, Ryanair Sun, Small Planet Airlines, Travel Service, Voyage Air
Poland Warsaw Chopin Airport
Modlin Airport
15
Bulgaria Air, Bulgarian Air Charter, Enter Air, Ryanair Sun, Small Planet Airlines
Voyage Air
Germany Leipzig Leipzig/Halle Airport
14
Bulgarian Air Charter, Condor, Small Planet Airlines, SunExpress Deutschland
Germany Düsseldorf Düsseldorf Airport
13
Bulgarian Air Charter, Condor, Eurowings, SunExpress Deutschland
Israel Tel Aviv Ben Gurion Airport
13
Bulgaria Air, Bulgarian Air Charter, Corendon Airlines, Travel Service, Wizz Air
United Kingdom London Gatwick Airport
Luton Airport
12
BH Air, easyJet, TUI Airways
Wizz Air
Czech Republic Prague Václav Havel Airport
12
SmartWings, Travel Service
Russia Saint Petersburg Pulkovo Airport
12
Bulgaria Air, Red Wings Airlines, Rossiya
Germany Hannover Hannover Airport
11
Bulgarian Air Charter, Condor, SunExpress Deutschland, Voyage Air
Turkey Istanbul Atatürk Airport
11
Turkish Airlines
Germany Munich Memmingen Airport
Munich Airport
11
Wizz Air
Bulgarian Air Charter, Lufthansa, SunExpress Deutschland
Austria Vienna Schwechat Airport
11
Austrian Airlines, Bulgarian Air Charter, Wizz Air
Germany Berlin Schönefeld Airport
Tegel Airport
10
Bulgarian Air Charter, easyJet
Bulgarian Air Charter, Sundair
Germany Frankfurt Frankfurt Airport
10
Bulgarian Air Charter, Condor, SunExpress Deutschland
Germany Stuttgart Stuttgart Airport
9
Bulgarian Air Charter, Eurowings, SunExpress Deutschland, Voyage Air
Belgium Brussels Charleroi Airport
Zaventem Airport
8
Ryanair
Brussels Airlines, TUI fly Belgium
Germany Cologne Cologne/Bonn Airport
8
Bulgarian Air Charter, Eurowings, SunExpress Deutschland
Germany Hamburg Hamburg Airport
8
Bulgarian Air Charter, Germania, SunExpress Deutschland

Ground transport[edit]

Bus line 409 connects the airport with Varna city center and resorts nearby (route: Varna Airport – Mall Varna – Varna Bus Station / Grand Mall – City Center – Saints Constantine and Helena - Golden Sands).[14]

Incidents and accidents[edit]

  • On 24 May 2013, Air VIA flight 502 from Leipzig/Halle to Varna overran runway 09 at Varna Airport after touchdown. Two passengers were injured during evacuation.[15][16]
  • On 5 June 1992 Balkan Bulgarian Airlines Tupolev 154B overran runway 27 in bad weather conditions. There were no casualties, but the plane was written off.[17]
  • On July 8 2014, Lars Mittank, a German student vacationing in Golden Sands, mysteriously disappeared near Varna Airport. Mittank had been alone in Bulgaria the previous two days and reported to be behaving strangely, and was last seen on security cameras fleeing from the airport into the surrounding forest.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Varna Airport Closes for Runway Overhaul in October". Retrieved 7 June 2015. 
  2. ^ a b c d "Flight Search". www.varna-airport.com. 
  3. ^ "Route map". nordstar.ru. 25 April 2018. 
  4. ^ "Pobeda Airlines LLC, Aeroflot Group - Flights schedule". www.pobeda.aero. 
  5. ^ "SmartWings.com - Cheap flights not only around Europe". www.smartwings.com. 
  6. ^ "Timetable". 
  7. ^ "Flight Timetable - TUI Airways". www.tui.co.uk. 
  8. ^ TUI fly Belgium begin seasonal service to Varna on route Lille-Varna-Nantes-Lille
  9. ^ money.bg (12 July 2018). "Wizz Air спира полетите до 8 дестинации от София и Варна". 
  10. ^ "Главна дирекция "Гражданска въздухоплавателна администрация"". www.caa.bg. 
  11. ^ http://www.fraport.com/content/fraport/en/misc/binaer/traffic-figures/traffic-figures-fraport-group/2017/monthly-traffic-figures/traffic-sheet-en/jcr:content.file/traffic-sheet-2017-december_en.pdf
  12. ^ "Monthly traffic figures" (PDF). 2018. 
  13. ^ Flightradar24. "Flightradar24.com - Live flight tracker!". Flightradar24. 
  14. ^ "Начало". Archived from the original on 1 September 2013. Retrieved 7 June 2015. 
  15. ^ "Морски - Самолет излезе от пистата на летище Варна, две жени са със счупени крайници (допълнена и видео) - видео - Dnevnik.bg". www.dnevnik.bg. Retrieved 7 June 2015. 
  16. ^ "The Aviation Herald". Retrieved 7 June 2015. 
  17. ^ Harro Ranter (5 June 1992). "ASN Aircraft accident Tupolev 154B LZ-BTD Varna Airport (VAR)". Retrieved 7 June 2015. 

External links[edit]

Media related to Varna Airport at Wikimedia Commons