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Vasai Fort entrance
Vasai Fort entrance
Vasai is located in Maharashtra
Coordinates: 19°28′N 72°48′E / 19.47°N 72.8°E / 19.47; 72.8Coordinates: 19°28′N 72°48′E / 19.47°N 72.8°E / 19.47; 72.8
Country India
State Maharashtra
District Palghar
Elevation 11 m (36 ft)
Population (2007)
 • Total 49,337
 • Official Marathi
Time zone IST (UTC+5:30)
Post Office Pin Code 401201/2
Telephone code 91250
Vehicle registration MH48
Vidhan Sabha constituency Vasai

Vasai (English Listeni/ˈvɑːs/), historically known as Bassein or Baçaim is a historical suburban town north of Mumbai in the Maharashtra state of India. It forms a part of Vasai-Virar city.

The Portuguese built Bassein Fort here to strengthen their naval superiority over the Arabian Sea. In the 18th century, the fort was taken over by the Maratha army and fell in 1739 after a three-year-long campaign.

The British then took over the territory from the Marathas in the First Anglo-Maratha War.[1]

Map of Bassein (c. 1539)


Overall climate is equable with high rainfall days and very few days of extreme temperatures. The temperature varies from 22–36 °C (72–97 °F). In winter temperature is between 12–25 °C (54–77 °F) while summer temperature ranges from 36–41 °C (97–106 °F). Out of total rainfall, 80% rainfall is experienced during June to October. Average annual rainfall is 2,000–2,500 mm (79–98 in) and humidity is 61—86%, making it a humid-prehumid[clarification needed] zone. The driest days are in winter while the wettest days are experienced in July.


The eastern part of Vasai is highly industrialised, with small and medium scale units producing a wide variety of goods.


The local railway station is known as Vasai Road. The Vasai-Virar Municipal Transport buses run on all major routes. Besides buses, Auto Rikshaws or Dum-Dum are the source of transport in the region.


  1. ^ Naravane, M.S. (2014). Battles of the Honorourable East India Company. A.P.H. Publishing Corporation. p. 60. ISBN 9788131300343. 

See also[edit]