Vasantha (raga)

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Vasantha
ArohanamS M₁ G₃ M₁ D₂ N₃ 
Avarohanam N₃ D₂ M₁ G₃ R₁ S

Vasantha (pronounced vasantā) is a raga in Carnatic music (musical scale of South Indian classical music). It is a janya raga of Suryakantam, the 17th Melakarta raga.[1] According to P|Subba Rao, majority opinion is that the raga is derived from Mayamalavagowla, the 15th Melakarta raga.[2]

Vasantha is suitable to be sung in evening and is considered an auspicious raga.[1] It has been in use for more than 1000 years.[1]

Structure and Lakshana[edit]

Vasantha is an asymmetric scale that does not contain panchamam. It is called a vakra audava-shadava raga,[1] in Carnatic music classification (as it has 5 notes with zig-zag notes in ascending scale and 6 notes in descending scale). Its ārohaṇa-avarohaṇa structure is as follows (see swaras in Carnatic music for details on below notation and terms):

This scale uses the notes shadjam, shuddha rishabham, antara gandharam, shuddha madhyamam, chathusruthi dhaivatham and kakali nishadam.

Arohanam and avarohanam for Vasantha with tambura

Popular compositions[edit]

Vasantha has ample scope for alapana. This scale has been used by many composers for compositions in classical music. Here are some popular compositions in Vasantha.

Non-Classical Film based songs[edit]

Related ragas[edit]

This section covers the theoretical and scientific aspect of this raga.

Scale similarities[edit]

  • Lalitha is a popular raga that sounds very similar to Vasantha.[1][2] Lalitha uses chatusruti rishabham in ārohaṇa also,[2] while the dvisruti dhaivatam is used in it, compared to trisruti dhaivatam in Vasantha.[1]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Alternate notations:
    • Hindustani: S M G M D N 
    • Western: C F E F A B C
  2. ^ Alternate notations:
    • Hindustani:  N D M G  S
    • Western: C B A F E C# C

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f Ragas in Carnatic music by Dr. S. Bhagyalekshmy, Pub. 1990, CBH Publications
  2. ^ a b c Raganidhi by P. Subba Rao, Pub. 1964, The Music Academy of Madras