|This article needs additional citations for verification. (December 2012) (Learn how and when to remove this template message)|
|Born||13 January 1899
|Died||5 May 1967
Vasily (Vasil) Zakharovich Korzh (Belarusian: Васіль Захаравіч Корж, Russian: Василий Захарович Корж; 13 January 1899 – 5 May 1967), also known under the Soviet partisan nom de guerre "Komarov", was a Belarusian communist activist and Soviet World War II hero.
A kolkhoz chairman, NKVD officer, and volunteer with the Spanish Republican forces in the Spanish Civil War, he is best remembered for organizing and leading one of the first Soviet partisan units during the 1941-1944 occupation of the Byelorussian Soviet Socialist Republic by Nazi Germany.
Born into a peasant Belarusian family in Khorostovo (south of Minsk, then part of the Russian Empire) in 1899, Korzh spent his early years assisting his family's toils on the agricultural lands owned by the noble Galitzine family.
A supporter of the communist cause, Korzh participated in the guerrilla struggles of the pro-Soviet Belarusian anti-Polish resistance movement in the 1920s in western Belarus (first occupied by Józef Piłsudski and then officially ceded to the Second Polish Republic after the 1921 Treaty of Riga in the aftermath of the 1919-1921 Polish-Soviet War). He had initially been conscripted into the Polish Army during the conflict, but deserted from it after a fight with a Polish commander, provoked by the abuse inflicted on the Belarusian soldiers in the army's ranks.
Arriving in the Soviet Union in 1925, Korzh began working in agriculture and became a kolkhoz chairman after organizing the first peasants' commune in the village of Metyavichi, though not yet a member of the Communist Party. After joining the party's ranks in 1929, Korzh went on to serve in the NKVD in 1931. He left in 1936 in order to fight as a volunteer with the International Brigades on the side of the leftist Spanish Republicans against the Nationalist forces of General Francisco Franco in the Spanish Civil War, returning to the Soviet Union in 1939 as a decorated fighter. He managed a sovkhoz in 1939-1940 and became head of the local Communist Party's Pinsk Oblast organization in 1940.
Korzh began organizing resistance cells in western Belarus immediately after the invasion of the Soviet Union by Nazi Germany on 22 June 1941. Within a month, Korzh's unit was already battling the German troops, having first engaged the German panzers accompanying the 293rd Wehrmacht Infantry Division on June 28.
Having served out most of the war in the rank of "brigade commander" or "combrig" among the Soviet partisans (the Red Army also had not fully transitioned to the traditional officer ranks' system by the beginning of the German invasion), he was made a major-general in 1943. He subsequently was recognized with the honorary title of Hero of the Soviet Union on 15 August 1944, during the last days of Operation Bagration, the Red Army's successful effort to liberate the remaining German-held Belarusian territory.
Korzh received his discharge from the military on account of poor health in 1946. He subsequently worked as an assistant to the Forestry Minister of the Byelorussian Soviet Socialist Republic in 1949-1953.
Upon returning to the Belarusian countryside from Minsk in 1953, he was again elected a kolkhoz chairman of a Belarusian village.
Korzh died on 5 May 1967.
Honours and awards
- Hero of the Soviet Union
- Two Orders of Lenin
- Two Orders of the Red Banner
- Order of the Patriotic War 1st class
- Order of the Red Star
- Medal "Partisan of the Patriotic War" 1st class
- Medal "For the Victory over Germany in the Great Patriotic War 1941–1945"
- Kvitkevič, Siarhej. "Жыве імя легендарнага камбрыга" ("Long Live the Name of the Legendary Combrig"). Minskaja Praŭda. 11 February 2009. Retrieved 4 December 2009. (Belarusian)
- Galinskaya, A. V. "Василий Захарович Корж" ("Vasily Zakharovich Korzh"). Belarusian Great Patriotic War Museum. 2008. Retrieved 4 December 2009. (Russian)