Portrait of Vasily Perov by Ivan Kramskoi
21 December 1833|
Tobolsk, Russian Empire
|Died||26 May 1882
Kuzminki, Moscow Governorate, Russian Empire
|Education||Moscow School of Painting, Sculpture and Architecture;
Imperial Academy of Arts
|Notable work||Easter Procession (1865)
The Hunters at Rest (1871)
Portrait of Fyodor Dostoyevsky (1872)
|Awards||Minor silver medal (1856)
Grand silver medal (1857)
Minor gold medal (1860)
Grand gold medal (1861)
Vasily Grigorevich Perov (Russian: Васи́лий Григо́рьевич Перо́в, born Vasily Grigorevich Vasiliev (Васильев); 2 January 1834 (21 December 1833 Old Style) – 10 June (29 May Old Style) 1882) was a Russian painter and one of the founding members of Peredvizhniki, a group of Russian realist painters.
Life and career
Vasily Perov was born on January 2, 1834 (21 December 1833 Old Style) in Tobolsk as an illegitimate son of the local procurator baron Grigory Karlovich Kridener who belonged to an old Russian-German noble family tree and Akulina Ivanova, a native citizen of Tobolsk. Although the parents married soon after his birth, there was no legal way to inherit his father's name and baron title. He was written under the godfather's surname — Vasiliev. He later changed his surname to Perov — a nickname given by his teacher who taught him calligraphy as a child (the word pero means feather in Russian).
After completing a course at Arzamas uezd school, he was transferred to the Alexander Stupin art school also located in Arzamas. In 1853 he was admitted to the Moscow School of Painting, Sculpture and Architecture, where he learned from several renowned artists. In 1856 he was awarded with a minor silver medal for his sketch of a boy's head, presented to the Imperial Academy of Arts. Later the Academy gave him many other awards: in 1857 a major silver medal for Commissary of Rural Police Investigating, a minor golden medal for the Scene on a Grave and the Son of a Dyak Promoted to First Rank, and in 1861 a major golden medal for Sermon in a Village.
After receiving the right to a state-paid trip abroad together with a golden medal, in 1862 Perov went to Western Europe, visiting several German cities, and then Paris. During this time he created paintings depicting scenes from European street life, such as the Vendor of statuettes, the Savoyard, the Organ-Grinder in Paris, the Musicians and the Bystanders, and the Paris Ragpickers.
Returning to Moscow early, from 1865 to 1871 Perov created his masterpieces The Queue at The Fountain, A Meal in the Monastery, Last Journey, Troika, the Lent Monday, Arrival of a New Governess in a Merchant House, the Drawing Teacher, A Scene at the Railroad, the Last Tavern at Town Gate, the Birdcatcher, the Fisherman, and the Hunters at Rest.
In 1866 he received the title of an academician, and in 1871 the position of a Professor at Moscow School of Arts, Sculpture and Architecture. It was around this period that he joined the Peredvizhniki.
Alexander Ostrovsky, 1871
Fyodor Dostoyevsky, 1872
Pugachev's Judgement, 1879
Nikita Pustosviat. Dispute on the Confession of Faith, 1881
- "vasily-perov". www.visual-arts-cork.com. Retrieved 2016. Check date values in:
- Perov, Vasily Grigorievich in the Russian Biographical Dictionary in 25 Volumes. Saint Petersburg, 1896—1918.
- "biography/Vasily-G-Perov". www.britannica.com. Retrieved 2016. Check date values in:
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