24 January 1848|
Krasnoyarsk, Yeniseysk Governorate, Russian Empire
|Died||19 March 1916
|Education||Imperial Academy of Arts|
|Notable work||Morning of Streltsy's execution (1881)
Boyarynya Morozova (1887)
|Movement||Realism, History painting|
|Awards||Four Silver Medals|
Vasily Ivanovich Surikov (Васи́лий Ива́нович Су́риков) (January 24, 1848 (Julian calendar: January 12) – March 19, 1916 (Julian calendar: March 6)) was the foremost Russian painter of large-scale historical subjects. His major pieces are among the best-known paintings in Russia.
Surikov was born in Krasnoyarsk, Siberia, where a monument to him was recently opened by his great-grandsons, Nikita Mikhalkov and Andrei Konchalovsky. In 1869-1871 he studied under Pavel Chistyakov at the Imperial Academy of Arts.
In 1877, Surikov settled in Moscow, where he contributed some imposing frescoes to the Cathedral of Christ the Savior. In 1878 he married Elizabeth Charais, a granddaughter of the Decembrist Svistunov. In 1881 he joined the Peredvizhniki movement. From 1893 he was a full member of the St.Petersburg Academy of Arts. Surikov was interred at the Vagankovskoye Cemetery in Moscow.
- Morning of Streltsy's execution (1881, Tretyakov Gallery) - featured in the article on Streltsy Uprising;
- Menshikov in Berezov (1883, Tretyakov Gallery) - featured in the article on Alexander Menshikov;
- Boyarynya Morozova (1887, Tretyakov Gallery) - featured in the article on Old Believers;
- Conquest of Siberia by Yermak (1895, Russian Museum) - featured in the article on History of Siberia;
- March of Suvorov through the Alps (1899, Russian Museum) - featured in the article on Alexander Suvorov;
- Stepan Razin (started in 1910, Russian Museum) - featured in the article on Stenka Razin.
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