Vasumitra

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Vasumitra
Shunga Emperor
Reign131–124 BC
PredecessorVasujyeshtha
SuccessorBhagabhadra
Died124 BC
FatherAgnimitra
MotherDharini

Vasumitra (or Sumitra, according to the d manuscript of the Matsya Purana)[1] (r. 131 – 124 BC; died 124 BC), was the fourth ruler of the Shunga Empire of North India. He was the son of Agnimitra by his queen Dharini and brother or half-brother of Vasujyeshtha.

In the Mālavikāgnimitram, act 5, verse 14, Kālidāsa tells us that Vasumitra guarded the sacrificial horse let loose by his grandfather Pushyamitra Shunga and he defeated a cavalry squadron of the Yona (Indo-Greeks) on the banks of the Indus River.[2][3]

Bana's Harshacharita mentioned him as Sumitra and informed us that he was killed by Mitradeva (or Muladeva, according to some manuscripts) while enjoying a drama. He was succeeded by Andhraka, Antaka, Bhagabhadra or Bhadra according to different puranas.[4]

Preceded by
Vasujyeshtha
Shunga Emperor
131–124 BC
Succeeded by
Bhagabhadra

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Lahiri, Bela (1974). Indigenous States of Northern India (Circa 200 B.C. to 320 A.D.) Calcutta: University of Calcutta, p.47
  2. ^ Lahiri, Bela (1974). Indigenous States of Northern India (Circa 200 B.C. to 320 A.D.) Calcutta: University of Calcutta, p.51
  3. ^ The Malavikágnimitra : a Sanskrit play by Kālidāsa; Tawney, C. H. p.91
  4. ^ Lahiri, Bela (1974). Indigenous States of Northern India (Circa 200 B.C. to 320 A.D.) Calcutta: University of Calcutta, pp.52-3