Vasumitra

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Vasumitra
Shunga Emperor
SungaMasculine.jpg
Shunga masculine figurine (moulded plate). 2nd–1st century BCE.
Reign 131–124 BCE
Predecessor Vasujyeshtha
Successor Bhagabhadra
Issue
Father Agnimitra
Mother Dharini
Died 124 BCE

Vasumitra (or Sumitra, according to the d manuscript of the Matsya Purana)[1] (r. 131 – 124 BCE; died 124 BCE), was the fourth ruler of the Shunga Empire of North India. He was the son of Agnimitra by his queen Dharini and brother or half-brother of Vasujyeshtha.

In the Mālavikāgnimitram, act 5, verse 14, Kālidāsa tells us that Vasumitra guarded the sacrificial horse let loose by his grandfather Pushyamitra Shunga and he defeated the armies of the Yona (Indo-Greeks) on the banks of the Indus River.[2]

Bana's Harshacharita mentioned him as Sumitra and informed us that he was killed by Mitradeva (or Muladeva, according to some manuscripts) while enjoying a drama. He was succeeded by Andhraka, Antaka, Bhagabhadra or Bhadra according to different puranas.[3]

Preceded by
Vasujyeshtha
Shunga Emperor
131–124 BCE
Succeeded by
Bhagabhadra

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Lahiri, Bela (1974). Indigenous States of Northern India (Circa 200 B.C. to 320 A.D.) Calcutta: University of Calcutta, p.47
  2. ^ Lahiri, Bela (1974). Indigenous States of Northern India (Circa 200 B.C. to 320 A.D.) Calcutta: University of Calcutta, p.51
  3. ^ Lahiri, Bela (1974). Indigenous States of Northern India (Circa 200 B.C. to 320 A.D.) Calcutta: University of Calcutta, pp.52-3