Vasyl Chuchupak

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Insurgent otaman Vasyl Chuchupak

Vasyl Stepanovych Chuchupak (Ukrainian: Василь Степанович Чучупак) (11 March 1895 - 12 April 1920) was the leader of the Kholodny Yar Ukrainian partisan movement during the Ukrainian War of Independence.[1][2]

Biography[edit]

Chuchupak's grave in the cemetery of Melnyky

Born in 1895 in the village Melnyky in the Chyhyryn region, Chuchupak served in the Imperial Russian Army and was a village teacher.[1][3]

Chuchupak was the leader (Otaman[2]) of the Kholodny Yar Ukrainian partisan movement during the Ukrainian War of Independence.[1] In current Chyhyryn Raion this movement formed the Kholodny Yar Republic that lasted from 1919 to 1922 were they fought for Ukrainian independence and against the Soviet Union.[4] The republic included 25 villages (with Melnyky serving as its “capital”[2]) and could raise an army of 16 thousand.[5] It was the last territory held by supporters of an independent Ukrainian state before the incorporating of Ukraine into the Soviet Union as the Ukrainian SSR.[6]

Chuchupak shot and killed himself on 12 April 1920 in fight with squadron of red cossacks.[3][5]

In the 21st century the Kholodny Republic flag was used during the Euromaidan demonstrations and by the Azov Battalion.[1]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d "Russian-Ukrainian war never stopped", Gazeta.ua (12 December 2014)
  2. ^ a b c “Kholodny Yar is alive…”, Den (22 February 2011)
  3. ^ a b (in Ukrainian) People freedom, Ukrinform (21 August 2016)
  4. ^ (in Ukrainian) Gerashchenko offers a National Park "Cold Yar", Ukrinform (19 October 2016)
  5. ^ a b (in Ukrainian) At the grave chieftain Chuchupaky came two thousand people, Gazeta.ua (16 April 2009)
  6. ^ (in Ukrainian) In honor of the chieftain blessed knives, Gazeta.ua (21 April 2010)

External links[edit]