Vatheia

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Vatheia
Βαθειά
View of Vatheia
View of Vatheia
Vatheia is located in Greece
Vatheia
Vatheia
Coordinates: 36°27.2′N 22°28.0′E / 36.4533°N 22.4667°E / 36.4533; 22.4667Coordinates: 36°27.2′N 22°28.0′E / 36.4533°N 22.4667°E / 36.4533; 22.4667
Country Greece
Administrative region Peloponnese
Regional unit Laconia
Municipality East Mani
Municipal unit Oitylo
Elevation 180 m (590 ft)
Community[1]
 • Population 33 (2011)
Time zone EET (UTC+2)
 • Summer (DST) EEST (UTC+3)
Postal code 230 71
Area code(s) 27330
Website www.dimosoitilou.gr/gr/dd/vathia/vathia.htm

Vatheia (Greek: Βάθεια, Greek pronunciation: ['vaθja], also Vathia) is a village on the Mani Peninsula,in south-eastern Laconia. The local community of Vatheia is named after this village. The aforementioned local community is a subdivision of the municipal unit of Oitylo. It is known for its tower-houses built on a hill dominating the surrounding countryside. Vatheia is linked by road north to Areopoli and Kalamata and south to Cape Matapan also known as Tenaro. In the northern and eastern direction, the southern reaches of the Saggias mountain range overlook the village. Farmland and maquis shrubland cover the hill slopes. On the hills and mountain sides around Vatheia proper are clusters of abandoned houses, towers and chapels known as the perichora, meaning environs. Currently, Vatheia is a tourist attraction during spring and summer due to the abundance of wild flowers that cover the nearby hills and its scenic views. Moreover, it serves as an iconic example of the south Maniot vernacular architecture as it developed during the 19th century. The nearest villages are Kyparissos, Alika and Gerolimenas to the north-west and Lagia to the north-east.

History[edit]

Vathia is first mentioned in 1571, by a Venetian diplomatic mission, as "casale di Vathia".[2] In 1618, an unofficial census was conducted by an agent of Charles, Duke of Nevers named Philipe de Lange Châteaurenault in cooperation with a prominent Maniot clan leader named Pietro Medici.[3] The village was recorded as "vatia" with 20 hearths.[4] In 1700, the Grimani census was carried out for the newly established Kingdom of the Morea.[5] The Venetians recorded a total population of 212 persons distributed in 54 families.[6] The reasons for this substantial population growth over the 17th century are unclear. On 13 April 1805, William Martin Leake by-passed Vatheia ("Βάθια" in text) on the way to Cape Matapan, using the sea-side road, but his journey was briefly interrupted by a band of local armed men. His guides, being Maniots themselves, negotiated passage and informed him that Vatheia has been divided in two warring parties for the past 40 years. They estimated that about 100 men had been killed since the beginning of this clan war. Leake also informs us that Vatheia and its environs consist of three adjacent villages.[7] Between 1750 and 1900 the main nuclei of habitation, apart from the village itself, were several hamlets spread over the whole region controlled by the Vathia clans and their allies. Of the 8 clans, in total, the 4 larger were living in Vatheia proper and its environs (Karabatiani, Michalakiani, Kaledoniani, Koutrigari) while the rest were mostly restricted in some of the aforementioned hamlets.[8] Below follows a list of the clans with their constituent families:[9]

Michalakiani Karabatiani Kalidoniani Fidopiastes Koutrigari Athanasiani Stravokefali Michelongones
Angelakos Alafakis Kalidonis Fidopiastis-Kokkinakos Koutrigaros Athanasakos Stravokefalos-Panagiotakos Michelakis
Androutsakos Andreakos Karakitsakos Balinis
Gerakarakos-Vasilakos Georgakakos Mitsakos
Giannakakos Gligorongonas
Giannoukakos-Pikrologos Kakleas-Mavroeidakos
Drakoularakos Kalfakakos
Exarchakos-Arfanakos Katelanos
Zekakos Koutrouvis
Kalapothakos Lagoudis
Keramidas Laos
Kleftogiannis Mageris
Mitsakos-Fikardos Mingiros
Xanthakos Xypolitos
Patsandonis Panagakos
Sbaras
Syngikos-Andonakos

On 15 August 1806, representatives of many prominent Maniot clans gathered in Marathonisi to sign an oath of fealty to Andonis Grigorakis, Bey of Mani. The entry for Vatheia was as follows: "Michalakiani, Gerandoniani and Karabatiani and the environs, we abide collectively".[10] It is interesting to note that the communal decision to swear fealty to the Bey might have signalled the end of the war mentioned by Leake a year earlier. Furthermore, this is the only known mention of the Gerandoniani clan. The local clan war that started in 1764 was the catalyst in the formation of the clans which dominated the region from the 19th century until its, nearly total, abandonment during the post-WWII years.

In several places around the modern village as well as in other locations within the periphery of the local community, earlier habitation is evident by the megalithic remains of housing clusters. The closest to modern Vatheia are the Palaiochora built along a stream below the modern village, the Kostakianika Kalyvia built on the hillside a short distance to the north-west and Pachia a similar hamlet on the mountainside just opposite the hill of modern Vatheia. They belong to the category of megalithic structures named after the large, roughly-hewn blocks of stone used by the builders. This is a term used throughout Mani to describe the older abandoned settlements sharing the aforementioned characteristic construction.

The tower houses of Vatheia.

Historical population[edit]

Year Population
1981 60
1991 113
2001 216
2011 33

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Απογραφή Πληθυσμού - Κατοικιών 2011. ΜΟΝΙΜΟΣ Πληθυσμός" (in Greek). Hellenic Statistical Authority. 
  2. ^ C. Comis, Πληθυσμός και Οικισμοί της Μάνης 15ος-19ος αιώνας, 2nd edition, Ioannina, 2007, p. 396
  3. ^ op.cit., p.40
  4. ^ op.cit., p. 585
  5. ^ op.cit., p. 48
  6. ^ op.cit., p. 599
  7. ^ William Martin Leake, Travels in the Morea: With a map and plans, Vol.I, John Murray publishing house, London, 1830, p. 294-295
  8. ^ Yanis Saitas, MANI, publishing house MELISSA, Athens, 2001, p.115
  9. ^ Yanis Saitas, Cemeteries and Settlements of Mani in Medieval and later periods: a 2nd contribution, Hounouring the Dead in the Peloponnese, proceedings of the conference held at Sparta 23–25 April 2009, edited by Helen Cavanagh, William Cavanagh and James Roy, University of Nottingham, Centre for Peloponnesian Studies, CSPS Online Publication 2 prepared by Sam Farnham, p. 709
  10. ^ Εταιρεία Λακωνικών Σπουδών, Τετράδια Ιστορίας της Μάνης, 4.Ιστορία από τα Έγγραφα, p. 34